Display foreign key values in treegrid in Angular Treegrid component

21 Sep 20226 minutes to read

Since Tree Grid Databinding concept is of hierarchy relationship, we do not provide in-built support for foreignKey datasource.

To display the foreignKey value at initial rendering, we can use the queryCellInfo event of the Tree Grid and also by using the editType and columns.edit properties of Tree Grid Column, we can render Dropdownlist with external or foreign dataSource.

import { Component, OnInit, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { foreignKeyData, dropData } from './datasource';
import { TreeGridComponent,EditService, ToolbarService, ITreeData } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import {  QueryCellInfoEventArgs, Column, IEditCell } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-grids';
import { DataManager, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

    selector: 'app-container',
    providers: [ToolbarService, EditService],
    template: `<ejs-treegrid #treegridObj [dataSource]='data' childMapping='Children'  [treeColumnIndex]='1' [editSettings]='editSettings' [toolbar]='toolbar' (queryCellInfo)='queryCellInfo($event)' [height]='273' >
            <e-column field='EmpID' headerText='EmpID' width='70' textAlign='Right' isPrimaryKey='true' ></e-column>
            <e-column field='Name' headerText='Employee Name' width='70' ></e-column>
            <e-column field='Contact' headerText='Contact' width='90' textAlign='Right'></e-column>
            <e-column field='DOB' headerText='DOB' textAlign='Right' [format]='formatOptions' editType= 'datepickeredit' width='70'></e-column>
            <e-column field='EmployeeID' headerText='Employee ID' editType= 'dropdownedit' [edit]='employeeParams'  width='70'></e-column>
            <e-column field='Country' headerText='Country' width='90' textAlign='Right'></e-column>
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: Object[] = [];
    public formatOptions: Object;
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbar: ToolbarItems[];
    public employeeParams: IEditCell;

    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = foreignKeyData;
        this.formatOptions = { format: 'y/M/d', type: 'date' };
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Cell' };
        this.toolbar = ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
        // Bind ForeignKey DataSource for dropdown using editParams
         this.employeeParams = {
          params: {
                dataSource: new DataManager(dropData),
                fields: { text: "EmployeeName", value: "EmployeeID" },
                query: new Query()
    queryCellInfo(args: QueryCellInfoEventArgs) {
        if ((args.column as Column).field === "EmployeeID") {
            for (var i = 0; i < dropData.length; i++) {
                let data: Object = args.data as Object;
                if (data[(args.column as Column).field] === dropData[i]["EmployeeID"]) {
                    (args.cell as HTMLElement).innerText = dropData[i]["EmployeeName"]; // assign the foreignkey field value to the innertext

import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

 * Module
    imports: [
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';


You can refer to our Angular Tree Grid feature tour page for its groundbreaking feature representations. You can also explore our Angular Tree Grid example to knows how to present and manipulate data.