Edit in Angular Treegrid component

9 Jan 202324 minutes to read

The TreeGrid component has options to dynamically insert, delete and update records.
Editing feature is enabled by using editSettings property and it requires a primary key column for CRUD operations.
To define the primary key, set columns.isPrimaryKey to true in particular column.

To use CRUD, inject the Edit module in treegrid.

You can check this video to learn about editing modes and editing types in Angular TreeGrid.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data'  [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' childMapping='subtasks' >
        <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                    <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='duration' headerText='Duration' textAlign='Right' width=80></e-column>
        </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: Object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Cell' };
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService, EditService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Toolbar with edit option

The treegrid toolbar has the built-in items to execute Editing actions.
You can define this by using the toolbar property.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data'  [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' childMapping='subtasks' >
        <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                    <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='duration' headerText='Duration' textAlign='Right' width=80></e-column>
        </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: Object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Row' };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Adding row position

The TreeGrid control provides the support to add the new row in the top, bottom, above selected row, below selected row and child position of tree grid content using editSettings.newRowPosition property. By default, a new row will be added at the top of the treegrid.

The following examples shows how to set new row position as Child in tree grid.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data'  [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' childMapping='subtasks' >
        <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                    <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='startDate' headerText='Start Date' textAlign='Right' format='yMd' type='date' editType='datepickeredit' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='duration' headerText='Duration' textAlign='Right' width=80></e-column>
        </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: Object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, newRowPosition: 'Child', mode: 'Cell' };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Add', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Confirmation messages

Delete confirmation

The delete confirm dialog can be shown when deleting a record by defining the showDeleteConfirmDialog as true

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data'  [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' childMapping='subtasks' >
        <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                    <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='startDate' headerText='Start Date' textAlign='Right' format='yMd' type='date' editType='datepickeredit' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='duration' headerText='Duration' textAlign='Right' width=80></e-column>
        </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: Object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, showDeleteConfirmDialog: true, mode: 'Cell' };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Add', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

The showDeleteConfirmDialog supports all type of edit modes.

Default column values on add new

The treegrid provides an option to set the default value for the columns when adding a new record in it.
To set a default value for the particular column by defining the columns.defaultValue.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data'  [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' childMapping='subtasks' >
        <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                    <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' defaultValue='Normal' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='startDate' headerText='Start Date' textAlign='Right' format='yMd' type='date' editType='datepickeredit' width=90></e-column>
        </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: Object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, showDeleteConfirmDialog: true, mode: 'Cell' };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Add', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Disable editing for particular column

You can disable editing for particular columns by using the columns.allowEditing.

In the following demo, editing is disabled for the Start Date column.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data'  [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' childMapping='subtasks' >
        <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                    <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' defaultValue='Normal' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                    <e-column field='startDate' headerText='Start Date' [allowEditing]='false' textAlign='Right' format='yMd' type='date' editType='datepickeredit' width=90></e-column>
        </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: Object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];
    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, showDeleteConfirmDialog: true, mode: 'Cell' };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Add', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Disable editing for a particular row

Disable the editing for a particular row by using the actionBegin event of the tree grid based on the requestType as beginEdit.

In the following demo, the rows which have the value for the priority column as “Normal” are prevented from editing.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' (actionBegin)="actionBegin($event)" childMapping='subtasks' >
                    <e-columns>
                        <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                        <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                        <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                        <e-column field='duration' headerText='Duration' textAlign='Right' width=80></e-column>
                    </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];

    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, mode: 'Row' };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Edit', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }

    actionBegin(args) {
        if (args.requestType === 'beginEdit') {
            if (args.rowData.priority === 'Normal') {
                args.cancel = true;
            }
        }
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

For batch mode of editing, use the cellEdit event of the tree grid. In the following demo, the cells which have the value as “Normal” are prevented from editing.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems, CellEditArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' (cellEdit)="cellEdit($event)" childMapping='subtasks' >
                    <e-columns>
                        <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                        <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                        <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                        <e-column field='duration' headerText='Duration' textAlign='Right' width=80></e-column>
                    </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];

    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, mode: 'Batch' };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Edit', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }

    cellEdit(args: CellEditArgs) {
        if (args.value === 'Normal') {
            args.cancel = true;
        }
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Editing template column

Edit the template column value by defining the field for that particular column.

In the following demo, the priority column is rendered with the template.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { sampleData } from './datasource';
import { EditSettingsModel, ToolbarItems } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-container',
    template: `<ejs-treegrid [dataSource]='data' [treeColumnIndex]='1' height='270' [editSettings]='editSettings' [toolbar]='toolbarOptions' childMapping='subtasks' >
                    <e-columns>
                        <e-column field='taskID' headerText='Task ID' [isPrimaryKey]='true' textAlign='Right' width=90></e-column>
                        <e-column field='taskName' headerText='Task Name' textAlign='Left' width=180></e-column>
                        <e-column field='priority' headerText='Priority' textAlign='Right' width=90>
                            <ng-template #template let-data>
                                <a href="#"></a>
                            </ng-template>
                        </e-column>
                        <e-column field='duration' headerText='Duration' textAlign='Right' width=80></e-column>
                    </e-columns>
                </ejs-treegrid>`
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {

    public data: object[];
    public editSettings: EditSettingsModel;
    public toolbarOptions: ToolbarItems[];

    ngOnInit(): void {
        this.data = sampleData;
        this.editSettings = { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true };
        this.toolbarOptions = ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'];
    }
}
import { NgModule,ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { TreeGridModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { PageService, SortService, FilterService,EditService,ToolbarService } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-treegrid';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import {ButtonModule} from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-buttons';
import { DropDownListAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-dropdowns';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        TreeGridModule,
        ButtonModule,
        DropDownListAllModule,
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent],
    providers: [PageService,
                SortService,
                FilterService,
                EditService,
                ToolbarService]
})
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Troubleshoot: Editing works only for first row

The Editing functionalities can be performed based upon the primary key value of the selected row.
If primaryKey is not defined in the treegrid, then edit or delete action take places the first row.

You can get the primary key field name by the getPrimaryKeyFieldNames method in the tree grid.

You can refer to our Angular Tree Grid feature tour page for its groundbreaking feature representations. You can also explore our Angular Tree Grid example to knows how to present and manipulate data.