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Worksheet in Angular Spreadsheet component

16 Sep 2021 / 6 minutes to read

Worksheet is a collection of cells organized in the form of rows and columns that allows you to store, format, and manipulate the data.

Add sheet

You can dynamically add or insert a sheet by one of the following ways,

  • Click the Add Sheet button in the sheet tab. This will add a new empty sheet next to current active sheet.
  • Right-click on the sheet tab, and then select Insert option from the context menu to insert a new empty sheet before the current active sheet.
  • Using insertSheet method, you can insert one or more sheets at your desired index.

The following code example shows the insert sheet operation in spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
datasource.ts
main.ts
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import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { SpreadsheetComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { dataSource } from './datasource';

enableRipple(true);

@Component({
selector: 'app-container',
template: `<ejs-spreadsheet #spreadsheet (created)="created()" [showFormulaBar]="false" [showRibbon]="false">
            <e-sheets>
              <e-sheet name="Price Details">
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=150></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
            </e-sheets>
          </ejs-spreadsheet>`
})
export class AppComponent {
@ViewChild('spreadsheet')
spreadsheetObj: SpreadsheetComponent;

data: object[] = dataSource;

created() {
    // Applies style formatting to the active sheet before inserting a new sheet
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:H11');
    // inserting a new sheet with data at 1st index
    // You can also insert empty sheets by specifying the start and end sheet index instead of sheet model
    this.spreadsheetObj.insertSheet([{
        index: 1,
        name: 'Inserted Sheet',
        ranges: [{ dataSource: this.data }],
        columns: [{ width: 150 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 },
            { width: 85 }]
    }]);
    // Applies style formatting for the inserted sheet
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'Inserted Sheet!A1:H1');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'Inserted Sheet!D2:H11');
}
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { SpreadsheetAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        SpreadsheetAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
Copied to clipboard
/**
 * Insert sheet data source
 */
export let dataSource: Object[] = [
    {
        'Item Name': 'Casual Shoes',
        'Date': '02/14/2019',
        'Time': '11:34:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 10,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D2*E2',
        'Discount': 1,
        'Profit': 10
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sports Shoes',
        'Date': '06/11/2019',
        'Time': '05:56:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D3*E3',
        'Discount': 5,
        'Profit': 50
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Formal Shoes',
        'Date': '07/27/2019',
        'Time': '03:32:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 15,
        'Amount': '=D4*E4',
        'Discount': 7,
        'Profit': 27
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sandals & Floaters',
        'Date': '11/21/2019',
        'Time': '06:23:54 AM',
        'Quantity': 15,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D5*E5',
        'Discount': 11,
        'Profit': 67
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Flip- Flops & Slippers',
        'Date': '06/23/2019',
        'Time': '12:43:59 AM',
        'Quantity': 30,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D6*E6',
        'Discount': 10,
        'Profit': 70
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sneakers',
        'Date': '07/22/2019',
        'Time': '10:55:53 AM',
        'Quantity': 40,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D7*E7',
        'Discount': 13,
        'Profit': 66
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Running Shoes',
        'Date': '02/04/2019',
        'Time': '03:44:34 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D8*E8',
        'Discount': 3,
        'Profit': 14
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Loafers',
        'Date': '11/30/2019',
        'Time': '03:12:52 AM',
        'Quantity': 31,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D9*E9',
        'Discount': 6,
        'Profit': 29
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Cricket Shoes',
        'Date': '07/09/2019',
        'Time': '11:32:14 AM',
        'Quantity': 41,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D10*E10',
        'Discount': 12,
        'Profit': 166
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'T-Shirts',
        'Date': '10/31/2019',
        'Time': '12:01:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 50,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D11*E11',
        'Discount': 9,
        'Profit': 55
    }
];
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Delete sheet

The Spreadsheet has support for removing an existing worksheet. You can dynamically delete the existing sheet by the following way,

  • Right-click on the sheet tab, and then select Delete option from context menu.
  • Using delete method to delete the sheets.

Rename sheet

You can dynamically rename an existing worksheet in the following way,

  • Right-click on the sheet tab, and then select Rename option from the context menu.

Headers

By default, the row and column headers are visible in worksheets. You can dynamically show or hide worksheet headers by using one of the following ways,

  • Switch to View tab, and then select Hide Headers option to hide both the row and column headers.
  • Set showHeaders property in sheets as true or false to show or hide the headers at initial load. By default, the showHeaders property is enabled in each worksheet.

Gridlines

Gridlines act as a border like appearance of cells. They are used to distinguish cells on the worksheet. You can dynamically show or hide gridlines by using one of the following ways,

  • Switch to View tab, and then select Hide Gridlines option to hide the gridlines in worksheet.
  • Set showGridLines property in sheets as true or false to show or hide the gridlines at initial load. By default, the showGridLines property is enabled in each worksheet.

The following code example shows the headers and gridlines operation in spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
datasource.ts
main.ts
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import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { SpreadsheetComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { dataSource } from './datasource';

enableRipple(true);

@Component({
selector: 'app-container',
template: `<ejs-spreadsheet #spreadsheet (created)="created()" [showFormulaBar]="false"
            [showSheetTabs]="false">
            <e-sheets>
              <!-- Hiding the headers and gridlines in 'Price Details' sheet -->
              <e-sheet [showGridLines]="false" [showHeaders]="false">
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=150></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
            </e-sheets>
          </ejs-spreadsheet>`
})
export class AppComponent {
@ViewChild('spreadsheet')
spreadsheetObj: SpreadsheetComponent;

data: object[] = dataSource;

created() {
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:H11');
    // The gridlines have been removed to set border for the range of cells
    this.spreadsheetObj.setBorder({ border: '1px solid #e0e0e0' }, 'A1:H11');
}
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { SpreadsheetAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        SpreadsheetAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
Copied to clipboard
/**
 * Show/hide headers and gridlines data source
 */
export let dataSource: Object[] = [
    {
        'Item Name': 'Casual Shoes',
        'Date': '02/14/2019',
        'Time': '11:34:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 10,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D2*E2',
        'Discount': 1,
        'Profit': 10
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sports Shoes',
        'Date': '06/11/2019',
        'Time': '05:56:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D3*E3',
        'Discount': 5,
        'Profit': 50
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Formal Shoes',
        'Date': '07/27/2019',
        'Time': '03:32:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 15,
        'Amount': '=D4*E4',
        'Discount': 7,
        'Profit': 27
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sandals & Floaters',
        'Date': '11/21/2019',
        'Time': '06:23:54 AM',
        'Quantity': 15,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D5*E5',
        'Discount': 11,
        'Profit': 67
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Flip- Flops & Slippers',
        'Date': '06/23/2019',
        'Time': '12:43:59 AM',
        'Quantity': 30,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D6*E6',
        'Discount': 10,
        'Profit': 70
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sneakers',
        'Date': '07/22/2019',
        'Time': '10:55:53 AM',
        'Quantity': 40,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D7*E7',
        'Discount': 13,
        'Profit': 66
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Running Shoes',
        'Date': '02/04/2019',
        'Time': '03:44:34 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D8*E8',
        'Discount': 3,
        'Profit': 14
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Loafers',
        'Date': '11/30/2019',
        'Time': '03:12:52 AM',
        'Quantity': 31,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D9*E9',
        'Discount': 6,
        'Profit': 29
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Cricket Shoes',
        'Date': '07/09/2019',
        'Time': '11:32:14 AM',
        'Quantity': 41,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D10*E10',
        'Discount': 12,
        'Profit': 166
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'T-Shirts',
        'Date': '10/31/2019',
        'Time': '12:01:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 50,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D11*E11',
        'Discount': 9,
        'Profit': 55
    }
];
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Sheet visibility

Hiding a worksheet can help prevent unauthorized or accidental changes to your file.

There are three visibility state as like Microsoft Excel,

State Description
Visible You can see the worksheet once the component is loaded.
Hidden This worksheet is not visible, but you can unhide by selecting the sheet from List All Sheets dropdown menu.
VeryHidden This worksheet is not visible and cannot be unhidden. Changing the state property to Visible is the only way to view this sheet.

The following code example shows the three types of sheet visibility state.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
datasource.ts
main.ts
Copied to clipboard
import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { SpreadsheetComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { dataSource } from './datasource';

enableRipple(true);

@Component({
selector: 'app-container',
template: `<ejs-spreadsheet #spreadsheet (created)="created()" [openUrl]="openUrl"
            [saveUrl]="saveUrl" [showFormulaBar]="false" [showRibbon]="false">
            <e-sheets>
              <!-- By default, state is set as 'visible'. We don’t  need to said it in the sample. -->
              <e-sheet name="Visible Sheet" state="Visible">
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=150></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
              <!-- Sets sheet state as 'VeryHidden'. It can't be unhidden. -->
              <e-sheet name="Very Hidden Sheet" state="VeryHidden">
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=150></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
              <!-- Sets sheet state as 'Hidden'. It can be unhidden dynamically. -->
              <e-sheet name="Hidden Sheet" state="Hidden">
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=150></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=110></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=85></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
            </e-sheets>
          </ejs-spreadsheet>`
})
export class AppComponent {
@ViewChild('spreadsheet')
spreadsheetObj: SpreadsheetComponent;

data: object[] = dataSource;
openUrl = 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/production/web-services/api/spreadsheet/open';
saveUrl = 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/production/web-services/api/spreadsheet/save'

created() {
    // Applies style formatting to active visible sheet
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:H11');
    // Applies style formatting to active hidden sheet
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'Hidden Sheet!A1:H1');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'Hidden Sheet!D2:H11');
}
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { SpreadsheetAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        SpreadsheetAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
Copied to clipboard
/**
 * Hide/show sheet data source
 */
export let dataSource: Object[] = [
    {
        'Item Name': 'Casual Shoes',
        'Date': '02/14/2019',
        'Time': '11:34:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 10,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D2*E2',
        'Discount': 1,
        'Profit': 10
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sports Shoes',
        'Date': '06/11/2019',
        'Time': '05:56:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D3*E3',
        'Discount': 5,
        'Profit': 50
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Formal Shoes',
        'Date': '07/27/2019',
        'Time': '03:32:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 15,
        'Amount': '=D4*E4',
        'Discount': 7,
        'Profit': 27
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sandals & Floaters',
        'Date': '11/21/2019',
        'Time': '06:23:54 AM',
        'Quantity': 15,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D5*E5',
        'Discount': 11,
        'Profit': 67
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Flip- Flops & Slippers',
        'Date': '06/23/2019',
        'Time': '12:43:59 AM',
        'Quantity': 30,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D6*E6',
        'Discount': 10,
        'Profit': 70
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sneakers',
        'Date': '07/22/2019',
        'Time': '10:55:53 AM',
        'Quantity': 40,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D7*E7',
        'Discount': 13,
        'Profit': 66
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Running Shoes',
        'Date': '02/04/2019',
        'Time': '03:44:34 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D8*E8',
        'Discount': 3,
        'Profit': 14
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Loafers',
        'Date': '11/30/2019',
        'Time': '03:12:52 AM',
        'Quantity': 31,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D9*E9',
        'Discount': 6,
        'Profit': 29
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Cricket Shoes',
        'Date': '07/09/2019',
        'Time': '11:32:14 AM',
        'Quantity': 41,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D10*E10',
        'Discount': 12,
        'Profit': 166
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'T-Shirts',
        'Date': '10/31/2019',
        'Time': '12:01:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 50,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D11*E11',
        'Discount': 9,
        'Profit': 55
    }
];
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Note

You can refer to our Angular Spreadsheet feature tour page for its groundbreaking feature representations. You can also explore our Angular Spreadsheet example to knows how to present and manipulate data.

See Also