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Rows and Columns in Angular Spreadsheet component

08 Apr 2021 / 7 minutes to read

Spreadsheet is a tabular format consisting of rows and columns. The intersection point of rows and columns are called as cells. The list of operations that you can perform in rows and columns are,

  • Insert
  • Delete
  • Show and Hide

Insert

You can insert rows or columns anywhere in a spreadsheet. Use the allowInsert property to enable or disable the insert option in Spreadsheet.

Row

The rows can be inserted in the following ways,

  • Using insertRow method, you can insert the rows once the component is loaded.
  • Using context menu, insert the empty rows in the desired position.

The following code example shows the options for inserting rows in the spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
datasource.ts
main.ts
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import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { SpreadsheetComponent, RowModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { dataSource } from './datasource';

@Component({
selector: 'app-container',
template: `<ejs-spreadsheet #spreadsheet (created)="created()" [showFormulaBar]="false"
            [showSheetTabs]="false" [showRibbon]="false">
            <e-sheets>
              <e-sheet>
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data" startCell="B1"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=20></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=220></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=140></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=100></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=100></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
            </e-sheets>
          </ejs-spreadsheet>`
})
export class AppComponent {
@ViewChild('spreadsheet')
spreadsheetObj: SpreadsheetComponent;

data: object[] = dataSource;
// Rows model that is going to insert dynamically
rowsModel: RowModel[] = [
    {
        index: 9, // Need to specify the index for the first row collection, the specified rows will be inserted in this index.
        cells: [{ value: '' }, { value: '8' }, { value: 'Northwoods Cranberry Sauce' }, { value: '3' }, { value: '12 - 12 oz jars' },
            { value: '40.00' }, { value: '6' }, { value: 'false' }]
    },
    {
        cells: [{ value: '' }, { value: '9' }, { value: 'Mishi Kobe Niku' }, { value: '4' }, { value: '18 - 500 g pkgs.' },
            { value: '97.00' }, { value: '29' }, { value: 'true' }]
    }
];

created() {
    // Applies style formatting before inserting the rows
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'B1:H1');
    // inserting a empty row at 0th index
    this.spreadsheetObj.insertRow();
    // inserting 2 rows at the 9th index with data
    this.spreadsheetObj.insertRow(this.rowsModel);
    // Applies style formatting after the rows are inserted
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'B3:B12');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D3:D12');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'F3:H12');
}
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { SpreadsheetAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        SpreadsheetAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
Copied to clipboard
/**
 * Insert row data source
 */
export let dataSource: Object[] = [
    {
        'Product Id': 1,
        'Product Name': 'Chai',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '10 boxes x 20 bags',
        'Unit Price': 18.00,
        'Units In Stock': 39,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 2,
        'Product Name': 'Chang',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '24 - 12 oz bottles',
        'Unit Price': 19.00,
        'Units In Stock': 17,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 3,
        'Product Name': 'Aniseed Syrup',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 550 ml bottles',
        'Unit Price': 10.00,
        'Units In Stock': 13,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 4,
        'Product Name': 'Chef Anton\'s Cajun Seasoning',
        'Supplier Id': 2,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '48 - 6 oz jars',
        'Unit Price': 22.00,
        'Units In Stock': 53,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 5,
        'Product Name': 'Chef Anton\'s Gumbo Mix',
        'Supplier Id': 2,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '36 boxes',
        'Unit Price': 21.35,
        'Units In Stock': 0,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 6,
        'Product Name': 'Grandma\'s Boysenberry Spread',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 8 oz jars',
        'Unit Price': 25.00,
        'Units In Stock': 120,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 7,
        'Product Name': 'Uncle Bob\'s Organic Dried Pears',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 1 lb pkgs.',
        'Unit Price': 30.00,
        'Units In Stock': 15,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 10,
        'Product Name': 'Queso Cabrales',
        'Supplier Id': 5,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '1 kg pkg.',
        'Unit Price': 21.00,
        'Units In Stock': 22,
        'Discontinued': false
    }
];
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Column

The columns can be inserted in the following ways,

  • Using insertColumn method, you can insert the columns once the component is loaded.
  • Using context menu, insert the empty columns in the desired position.

The following code example shows the options for inserting columns in the spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
datasource.ts
main.ts
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import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { SpreadsheetComponent, CellModel, getCellAddress } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { dataSource } from './datasource';

@Component({
selector: 'app-container',
template: `<ejs-spreadsheet #spreadsheet (created)="created()" [showFormulaBar]="false" [showSheetTabs]="false"
            [showRibbon]="false">
            <e-sheets>
              <e-sheet>
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data" startCell="A2"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=220></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=140></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=100></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=100></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
            </e-sheets>
          </ejs-spreadsheet>`
})
export class AppComponent {
@ViewChild('spreadsheet')
spreadsheetObj: SpreadsheetComponent;

data: object[] = dataSource;
// Cells model that you are going to update in the inserted 5th column dynamically
cellsModel: CellModel[] = [{ value: 'Unit Price', style: { fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' } }, { value: '18.00' },
    { value: '19.00' }, { value: '10.00' }, { value: '22.00' }, { value: '21.35' }, { value: '25.00' }, { value: '30.00' },
    { value: '21.00' }, { value: '40.00' }, { value: '97.00' }];

created() {
    // Applies style formatting before inserting the column
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A2:G2');
    // inserting a empty column at 0th index
    this.spreadsheetObj.insertColumn();
    // inserting 1 column at the 5th index with column model
    this.spreadsheetObj.insertColumn([{ index: 5, width: 90 }]);
    let rowIndex = 1;
    // Updating the 5th column data
    this.cellsModel.forEach((cell: CellModel): void => {
        this.spreadsheetObj.updateCell(cell, getCellAddress(rowIndex, 5)); rowIndex++;
    });
    // Applies style formatting after the columns are inserted
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'B3:B12');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D3:D12');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'F3:H12');
}
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { SpreadsheetAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        SpreadsheetAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
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/**
 * Insert column data source
 */
export let dataSource: Object[] = [
    {
        'Product Id': 1,
        'Product Name': 'Chai',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '10 boxes x 20 bags',
        'Units In Stock': 39,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 2,
        'Product Name': 'Chang',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '24 - 12 oz bottles',
        'Units In Stock': 17,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 3,
        'Product Name': 'Aniseed Syrup',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 550 ml bottles',
        'Units In Stock': 13,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 4,
        'Product Name': 'Chef Anton\'s Cajun Seasoning',
        'Supplier Id': 2,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '48 - 6 oz jars',
        'Units In Stock': 53,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 5,
        'Product Name': 'Chef Anton\'s Gumbo Mix',
        'Supplier Id': 2,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '36 boxes',
        'Units In Stock': 0,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 6,
        'Product Name': 'Grandma\'s Boysenberry Spread',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 8 oz jars',
        'Units In Stock': 120,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 7,
        'Product Name': 'Uncle Bob\'s Organic Dried Pears',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 1 lb pkgs.',
        'Units In Stock': 15,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 8,
        'Product Name': 'Queso Cabrales',
        'Supplier Id': 5,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '1 kg pkg.',
        'Units In Stock': 22,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 9,
        'Product Name': 'Northwoods Cranberry Sauce',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 12 oz jars',
        'Units In Stock': 6,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 10,
        'Product Name': 'Mishi Kobe Niku',
        'Supplier Id': 4,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '18 - 500 g pkgs.',
        'Units In Stock': 29,
        'Discontinued': true
    }
];
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Delete

Delete support provides an option for deleting the rows and columns in the spreadsheet. Use allowDelete property to enable or disable the delete option in Spreadsheet.

The rows and columns can be deleted dynamically in the following ways,

  • Using delete method, you can delete the loaded rows and columns.
  • Using context menu, you can delete the selected rows and columns.

The following code example shows the delete operation of rows and columns in the spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
datasource.ts
main.ts
Copied to clipboard
import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { SpreadsheetComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { dataSource } from './datasource';

@Component({
selector: 'app-container',
template: `<ejs-spreadsheet #spreadsheet (created)="created()" [showFormulaBar]="false" [showSheetTabs]="false"
            [showRibbon]="false">
            <e-sheets>
              <e-sheet>
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=220></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=140></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=90></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=100></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=100></e-column>
                </e-columns>
              </e-sheet>
            </e-sheets>
          </ejs-spreadsheet>`
})
export class AppComponent {
@ViewChild('spreadsheet')
spreadsheetObj: SpreadsheetComponent;

data: object[] = dataSource;

created() {
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
    // deleting the rows from 8th to 10th index. To delete row, the last argument of enum type is passed as 'Row'
    this.spreadsheetObj.delete(8, 10, 'Row');
    // deleting the 2nd and 5th indexed columns
    this.spreadsheetObj.delete(2, 2, 'Column');
    this.spreadsheetObj.delete(5, 5, 'Column');
    // Applies style formatting after deleted the rows and columns
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'A2:A8');
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:G8');
}
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { SpreadsheetAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        SpreadsheetAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
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/**
 * Delete row column data source
 */
export let dataSource: Object[] = [
    {
        'Product Id': 1,
        'Product Name': 'Chai',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '10 boxes x 20 bags',
        'Unit Price': 18.00,
        'Units In Stock': 39,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 2,
        'Product Name': 'Chang',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '24 - 12 oz bottles',
        'Unit Price': 19.00,
        'Units In Stock': 17,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 3,
        'Product Name': 'Aniseed Syrup',
        'Supplier Id': 1,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 550 ml bottles',
        'Unit Price': 10.00,
        'Units In Stock': 13,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 4,
        'Product Name': 'Chef Anton\'s Cajun Seasoning',
        'Supplier Id': 2,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '48 - 6 oz jars',
        'Unit Price': 22.00,
        'Units In Stock': 53,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 5,
        'Product Name': 'Chef Anton\'s Gumbo Mix',
        'Supplier Id': 2,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '36 boxes',
        'Unit Price': 21.35,
        'Units In Stock': 0,
        'Discontinued': true
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 6,
        'Product Name': 'Grandma\'s Boysenberry Spread',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 8 oz jars',
        'Unit Price': 25.00,
        'Units In Stock': 120,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 7,
        'Product Name': 'Uncle Bob\'s Organic Dried Pears',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 1 lb pkgs.',
        'Unit Price': 30.00,
        'Units In Stock': 15,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 8,
        'Product Name': 'Queso Cabrales',
        'Supplier Id': 5,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '1 kg pkg.',
        'Unit Price': 21.00,
        'Units In Stock': 22,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 9,
        'Product Name': 'Northwoods Cranberry Sauce',
        'Supplier Id': 3,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '12 - 12 oz jars',
        'Unit Price': 40.00,
        'Units In Stock': 6,
        'Discontinued': false
    },
    {
        'Product Id': 10,
        'Product Name': 'Mishi Kobe Niku',
        'Supplier Id': 4,
        'Quantity Per Unit': '18 - 500 g pkgs.',
        'Unit Price': 97.00,
        'Units In Stock': 29,
        'Discontinued': true
    }
];
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Limitations

The following features have some limitations in Insert/Delete:

  • Insert row/column between the formatting applied cells.
  • Insert row/column between the data validation.
  • Insert row/column between the conditional formatting applied cells.
  • Insert/delete row/column between the filter applied cells.

Hide and show

You can show or hide the rows and columns in the spreadsheet through property binding, method, and context menu.

Row

The rows can be hidden or shown through the following ways,

  • Using hidden property in row, you can hide/show the rows at initial load.
  • Using hideRow method, you can hide the rows by specifying the start and end row index, set the last argument hide as false to unhide the hidden rows.
  • Right-click on the row header and select the desired option from context menu

Column

The columns can be hidden or shown through following ways,

  • Using hidden property in columns, you can hide/show the columns at initial load.
  • Using hideColumn method, you can hide the columns by specifying the start and end column index, set the last argument hide as false to unhide the hidden columns.
  • Right-click on the column header and select the desired option from context menu

The following code example shows the hide/show rows and columns operation in the spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
datasource.ts
main.ts
Copied to clipboard
import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { SpreadsheetComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { dataSource } from './datasource';

@Component({
selector: 'app-container',
template: `<ejs-spreadsheet #spreadsheet (created)="created()" [showFormulaBar]="false"
            [showSheetTabs]="false" [showRibbon]="false">
            <e-sheets>
              <e-sheet>
                <e-ranges>
                  <e-range [dataSource]="data"></e-range>
                </e-ranges>
                <e-columns>
                  <e-column [width]=150></e-column>
                  <!-- Hiding the 1st and 2nd column index through property binding -->
                  <e-column [width]=100 [hidden]="true"></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=100 [hidden]="true"></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=80></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=80></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=80></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=80></e-column>
                  <e-column [width]=80></e-column>
                </e-columns>
                <e-rows>
                  <e-row [index]=2 [hidden]="true"></e-row>
                  <e-row [hidden]="true"></e-row>
                </e-rows>
              </e-sheet>
            </e-sheets>
          </ejs-spreadsheet>`
})
export class AppComponent {
@ViewChild('spreadsheet')
spreadsheetObj: SpreadsheetComponent;

data: object[] = dataSource;

created() {
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
    // Unhide the 2nd index hidden column
    this.spreadsheetObj.hideColumn(1, 1, false);
    // Unhide the 3rd index hidden row
    this.spreadsheetObj.hideRow(3, 3, false);
    // Hiding the 6th index column
    this.spreadsheetObj.hideColumn(6);
    // Hiding the 8th and 9th index row
    this.spreadsheetObj.hideRow(8, 9);
    this.spreadsheetObj.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:H11');
}
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { SpreadsheetAllModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-spreadsheet';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

/**
 * Module
 */
@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        SpreadsheetAllModule
    ],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
Copied to clipboard
/**
 * Hide/show data source
 */
export let dataSource: Object[] = [
    {
        'Item Name': 'Casual Shoes',
        'Date': '02/14/2019',
        'Time': '11:34:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 10,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D2*E2',
        'Discount': 1,
        'Profit': 10
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sports Shoes',
        'Date': '06/11/2019',
        'Time': '05:56:32 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D3*E3',
        'Discount': 5,
        'Profit': 50
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Formal Shoes',
        'Date': '07/27/2019',
        'Time': '03:32:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 15,
        'Amount': '=D4*E4',
        'Discount': 7,
        'Profit': 27
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sandals & Floaters',
        'Date': '11/21/2019',
        'Time': '06:23:54 AM',
        'Quantity': 15,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D5*E5',
        'Discount': 11,
        'Profit': 67
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Flip- Flops & Slippers',
        'Date': '06/23/2019',
        'Time': '12:43:59 AM',
        'Quantity': 30,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D6*E6',
        'Discount': 10,
        'Profit': 70
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Sneakers',
        'Date': '07/22/2019',
        'Time': '10:55:53 AM',
        'Quantity': 40,
        'Price': 20,
        'Amount': '=D7*E7',
        'Discount': 13,
        'Profit': 66
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Running Shoes',
        'Date': '02/04/2019',
        'Time': '03:44:34 AM',
        'Quantity': 20,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D8*E8',
        'Discount': 3,
        'Profit': 14
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Loafers',
        'Date': '11/30/2019',
        'Time': '03:12:52 AM',
        'Quantity': 31,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D9*E9',
        'Discount': 6,
        'Profit': 29
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'Cricket Shoes',
        'Date': '07/09/2019',
        'Time': '11:32:14 AM',
        'Quantity': 41,
        'Price': 30,
        'Amount': '=D10*E10',
        'Discount': 12,
        'Profit': 166
    },
    {
        'Item Name': 'T-Shirts',
        'Date': '10/31/2019',
        'Time': '12:01:44 AM',
        'Quantity': 50,
        'Price': 10,
        'Amount': '=D11*E11',
        'Discount': 9,
        'Profit': 55
    }
];
Copied to clipboard
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

See Also