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Getting started with Angular Menu Bar component

06 Oct 2022 / 5 minutes to read

This section explains how to create a simple Menu, and demonstrate the basic usage of the Menu module in an Angular environment.

Dependencies

The list of dependencies required to use the Menu module in your application is given below:

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|-- @syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-angular-base
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-navigations
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-base
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-data
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-lists
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-inputs
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-popups
            |-- @syncfusion/ej2-buttons

Setup Angular environment

You can use Angular CLI to setup your Angular applications. To install Angular CLI use the following command.

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npm install -g @angular/cli

Create an Angular application

Start a new Angular application using below Angular CLI command.

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ng new my-app
cd my-app

Installing Syncfusion Menu Package

Syncfusion packages are distributed in npm as @syncfusion scoped packages. You can get all the Angular Syncfusion package from npm link.

Currently, Syncfusion provides two types of package structures for Angular components,

  1. Ivy library distribution package format
  2. Angular compatibility compiler(Angular’s legacy compilation and rendering pipeline) package.

Ivy library distribution package

Syncfusion Angular packages(>=20.2.36) has been moved to the Ivy distribution to support the Angular Ivy rendering engine and the package are compatible with Angular version 12 and above. To download the package use the below command.

Add @syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations package to the application.

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npm install @syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations --save

Angular compatibility compiled package(ngcc)

For Angular version below 12, you can use the legacy (ngcc) package of the Syncfusion Angular components. To download the ngcc package use the below.

Add @syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations@ngcc package to the application.

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npm install @syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations@ngcc --save

To mention the ngcc package in the package.json file, add the suffix -ngcc with the package version as below.

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@syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations:"20.2.38-ngcc"

Note: If the ngcc tag is not specified while installing the package, the Ivy Library Package will be installed and this package will throw a warning.

Adding Menu module

Import Menu module into Angular application(app.module.ts) from the package @syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations.

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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';

// Imported Syncfusion menu module from navigations package.
import { MenuModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

@NgModule({
imports: [BrowserModule, MenuModule], // Registering EJ2 Menu Module.
declarations: [AppComponent],
bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

Adding Syncfusion Menu component

Modify the template in app.component.ts file with ejs-menu to render the Menu component.

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import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations';

enableRipple(true);

@Component({
selector: 'app-root',
template: `<!-- To Render Menu. -->
        <ejs-menu [items]='menuItems'></ejs-menu>`
})

export class AppComponent {
public menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
        items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];
}

Adding CSS reference

Add Menu component’s styles as given below in style.css.

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@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';

Running the application

Run the application in the browser using the following command:

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ng serve

The following example shows a basic Menu component.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
main.ts
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import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations';

enableRipple(true);

@Component({
selector: 'app-root',
template: `<!-- To Render Menu. -->
        <ejs-menu [items]='menuItems'></ejs-menu>`
})

export class AppComponent {
public menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
        items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { MenuModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

@NgModule({
    imports: [BrowserModule, MenuModule],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

This example demonstrates the basic rendering of Menu with items support. For more information about data source support, refer to the Data Source Binding section.

Group Menu items with separator

The separators are both horizontal and vertical lines used to separate the menu items. You cannot select the separators, but you can enable separators to group the menu items using the separator property. The Open and Save sub menu items are grouped using the separator property in the following sample.

Source
Preview
app.component.ts
app.module.ts
main.ts
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import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations';

enableRipple(true);

@Component({
selector: 'app-root',
template: `<!-- To Render Menu. -->
        <ejs-menu [items]='menuItems'></ejs-menu>`
})

export class AppComponent {
public menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { separator: true },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' },
            { text: 'Full Screen' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
        items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];
}
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import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { MenuModule } from '@syncfusion/ej2-angular-navigations';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

@NgModule({
    imports: [BrowserModule, MenuModule],
    declarations: [AppComponent],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
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import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { AppModule } from './app.module';

enableProdMode();
platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

The separator property should not be given along with the other fields in the MenuItemModel. You can also enable the separator to group horizontal menu items.