Data binding in React Schedule component

30 Aug 202324 minutes to read

The Scheduler uses DataManager, which supports both RESTful data service binding and JavaScript object array binding. The dataSource property of Scheduler can be assigned either with the instance of DataManager or JavaScript object array collection, as it supports the following two kind of data binding methods:

  • Local data
  • Remote data

Binding local data

To bind local JSON data to the Scheduler, you can simply assign a JavaScript object array to the dataSource option of the scheduler within the eventSettings property. The JSON object dataSource can also be provided as an instance of DataManager and assigned to the Scheduler dataSource property.

import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
const App = () => {
    let data = [{
        Id: 1,
        Subject: 'Explosion of Betelgeuse Star',
        StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 15, 9, 30),
        EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 15, 11, 0)
    }, {
        Id: 2,
        Subject: 'Thule Air Crash Report',
        StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 12, 12, 0),
        EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 12, 14, 0)
    }, {
        Id: 3,
        Subject: 'Blue Moon Eclipse',
        StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 13, 9, 30),
        EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 13, 11, 0)
    }, {
        Id: 4,
        Subject: 'Meteor Showers in 2018',
        StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 14, 13, 0),
        EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 14, 14, 30)
    }];
    const eventSettings = { dataSource: data };

    return (<ScheduleComponent height='550px' selectedDate={new Date(2018, 1, 15)} eventSettings={eventSettings}>
        <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>);
}
;
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject, EventSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';

const App = () => {
  let data: Object[] = [{
    Id: 1,
    Subject: 'Explosion of Betelgeuse Star',
    StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 15, 9, 30),
    EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 15, 11, 0)
  }, {
    Id: 2,
    Subject: 'Thule Air Crash Report',
    StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 12, 12, 0),
    EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 12, 14, 0)
  }, {
    Id: 3,
    Subject: 'Blue Moon Eclipse',
    StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 13, 9, 30),
    EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 13, 11, 0)
  }, {
    Id: 4,
    Subject: 'Meteor Showers in 2018',
    StartTime: new Date(2018, 1, 14, 13, 0),
    EndTime: new Date(2018, 1, 14, 14, 30)
  }];
  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { dataSource: data };

  return (
    <ScheduleComponent height='550px' selectedDate={new Date(2018, 1, 15)}
      eventSettings={eventSettings}>
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  )

};
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React Schedule</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-schedule/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
     <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <div id='schedule'>
            <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>

By default, DataManager uses JsonAdaptor for binding local data.

You can also bind different field names to the default event fields as well as include additional custom fields to the event object collection which can be referred here.

Binding remote data

Any kind of remote data services can be bound to the Scheduler. To do so, create an instance of DataManager and provide the service URL to the url option of DataManager and then assign it to the dataSource property within eventSettings.

Using ODataV4Adaptor

ODataV4 is a standardized protocol for creating and consuming data. Refer to the following code example to retrieve the data from ODataV4 service using the DataManager. To connect with ODataV4 service end points, it is necessary to make use of ODataV4Adaptor within DataManager.

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

const App = () => {
  const [dataManager, setDataManager] = useState(null);
  useEffect(() => {
    const fetchData = async () => {
      const manager = new DataManager({
        url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
        adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor()
      });
      await manager.ready;
      setDataManager(manager);
    };
    fetchData();
  }, []);
  const fieldsData = {
    id: 'Id',
    subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
    location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
    description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
    startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
    endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
    recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
  }
  const eventSettings = { dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData }; return (
    <ScheduleComponent height='550px' selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)} readonly={true} eventSettings={eventSettings}>
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  );
}

const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor, EventSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

const App = () => {
  const [dataManager, setDataManager] = useState(null);
  useEffect(() => {
    const fetchData = async () => {
      const manager = new DataManager({
        url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
        adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor()
      });
      await manager.ready;
      setDataManager(manager);
    };
    fetchData();
  }, []);
  const fieldsData = {
    id: 'Id',
    subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
    location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
    description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
    startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
    endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
    recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
  }
  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData }; 
  
  return (
    <ScheduleComponent height='550px' selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)} readonly={true} eventSettings={eventSettings}>
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  );
}

const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React Schedule</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-schedule/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
     <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <div id='schedule'>
            <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>

Filter events using the in-built query

To enable server-side filtering operations based on predetermined conditions, the includeFiltersInQuery API can be set to true, this allows the filter query to be constructed using the start date, end date, and recurrence rule which in turn enables the request to be filtered accordingly.

This method greatly improves the component’s performance by reducing the data that needs to be transferred to the client side. As a result, the component’s efficiency and responsiveness are significantly enhanced, resulting in a better user experience. However, it is important to consider the possibility of longer query strings, which may cause issues with the maximum URL length or server limitations on query string length.

import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
const App = () => {
    let dataManager = new DataManager({
        url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
        adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor()
    });
    const fieldsData = {
        id: 'Id',
        subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
        location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
        description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
        startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
        endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
        recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
    }
    const eventSettings = { includeFiltersInQuery: true, dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData }
    return (<ScheduleComponent height='550px' currentView='Month' selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)} readonly={true} eventSettings={eventSettings}>
        <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>);
};
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject, EventSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

const App = () => {
  let dataManager: DataManager = new DataManager({
    url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
    adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor()
  });
  const fieldsData = {
    id: 'Id',
    subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
    location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
    description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
    startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
    endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
    recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
  }
  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { includeFiltersInQuery: true, dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData }
  return (
    <ScheduleComponent height='550px' currentView='Month' selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)} readonly={true}
      eventSettings={eventSettings}>
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  )
};
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React Schedule</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-schedule/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
     <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <div id='schedule'>
            <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>

The following image represents how the parameters are passed using ODataV4 filter.

ODataV4 filter

Using custom adaptor

It is possible to create your own custom adaptor by extending the built-in available adaptors. The following example demonstrates the custom adaptor usage and how to add a custom field EventID for the appointments by overriding the built-in response processing using the processResponse method of the ODataV4Adaptor.

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

const CustomAdaptor = () => {
    ODataV4Adaptor.call(this);
}

CustomAdaptor.prototype = Object.create(ODataV4Adaptor.prototype);
CustomAdaptor.prototype.constructor = CustomAdaptor;

CustomAdaptor.prototype.processResponse = function () {
    let i = 0;
    let original = ODataV4Adaptor.prototype.processResponse.apply(this, arguments);
    original.forEach((item) => (item['EventID'] = ++i));
    return original;
};

const App = () => {
    const [dataManager, setDataManager] = useState(null);

    useEffect(() => {
        const fetchData = async () => {
            const manager = new DataManager({
                url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
                adaptor: new CustomAdaptor(),
            });
            const query = new Query().take(10); // Example query to limit the number of records
            const data = await manager.executeQuery(query);
            setDataManager(new DataManager(data));
        };

        fetchData();
    }, []);

    const fieldsData = {
        id: 'Id',
        subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
        location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
        description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
        startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
        endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
        recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
    }
      const eventSettings = { dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData };
    return (
        <ScheduleComponent
            height='550px'
            selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)}      
            readonly={true}
            eventSettings={eventSettings}
        >
            <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
        </ScheduleComponent>
    );
}
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject, EventSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

function CustomAdaptor() {
  ODataV4Adaptor.call(this);
}

CustomAdaptor.prototype = Object.create(ODataV4Adaptor.prototype);
CustomAdaptor.prototype.constructor = CustomAdaptor;

CustomAdaptor.prototype.processResponse = function () {
  let i = 0;
  let original = ODataV4Adaptor.prototype.processResponse.apply(this, arguments);
  original.forEach((item: any) => (item['EventID'] = ++i));
  return original;
};

const App = () => {
  const [dataManager, setDataManager] = useState<DataManager | null>(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    const fetchData = async () => {
      const manager = new DataManager({
        url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
        adaptor: new CustomAdaptor(),
        crossDomain: true
      });
      await manager.ready;
      setDataManager(manager);
    };
    fetchData();
  }, []);
  
  const fieldsData = {
    id: 'Id',
    subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
    location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
    description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
    startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
    endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
    recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
}
  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData };

  return (
    <ScheduleComponent
      height='550px'
      selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)}      
      readonly={true}
      eventSettings={eventSettings}
    >
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  );
}
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React Schedule</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-schedule/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
     <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <div id='schedule'>
            <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>

Loading data via AJAX post

You can bind the event data through external ajax request and assign it to the dataSourceproperty of Scheduler. In the following code example, we have retrieved the data from server with the help of ajax request and assigned the resultant data to the dataSource property of Scheduler within the onSuccess event of Ajax.

[src/app/app.tsx]

import * as React from 'react';
import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { Ajax } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import {
  ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject, EventSettingsModel
} from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

const App = () => {
  const [dataManager, setDataManager] = useState<DataManager | null>(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    const ajax = new Ajax('Home/GetData', 'GET', false);
    ajax.send();
    ajax.onSuccess = function (value: DataManager) {
      setDataManager(value);
    };
  }, []);

  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { dataSource: dataManager };

  return (
    <ScheduleComponent height='550px' selectedDate={new Date(2017, 5, 11)} eventSettings={eventSettings}>
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  );
}

const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);

[src/app/app.ts]

Definition for the controller method GetData can be referred here.

Passing additional parameters to the server

To send an additional custom parameter to the server-side post, you need to make use of the addParams method of Query. Now, assign this Query object with additional parameters to the query property of Scheduler.

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
const App = () => {
  const [dataManager, setDataManager] = useState(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    const fetchData = async () => {
      const manager = new DataManager({
        url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
        adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor()
      });
      await manager.ready;
      const query = new Query().addParams('readOnly', 'true');
      const data = await manager.executeQuery(query);
      setDataManager(manager);    
    };
    fetchData();
  }, []);
  const fieldsData = {
    id: 'Id',
    subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
    location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
    description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
    startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
    endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
    recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
  }
  const eventSettings = { dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData };
  return (
    <ScheduleComponent
      height='550px'
      readonly={true}
      eventSettings={eventSettings}
      selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)}
    >
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  );
}

const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject, EventSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

const App = () => {
  const [dataManager, setDataManager] = useState<DataManager | null>(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    const fetchData = async () => {
      const manager = new DataManager({
        url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/',
        adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor()
      });
      await manager.ready;
      const query = new Query().addParams('readOnly', 'true');
      const data = await manager.executeQuery(query) as any;
      setDataManager(manager);    
    };

    fetchData();
  }, []);
  const fieldsData = {
    id: 'Id',
    subject: { name: 'ShipName' },
    location: { name: 'ShipCountry' },
    description: { name: 'ShipAddress' },
    startTime: { name: 'OrderDate' },
    endTime: { name: 'RequiredDate' },
    recurrenceRule: { name: 'ShipRegion' }
  }
  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { dataSource: dataManager, fields: fieldsData };

  return (
    <ScheduleComponent
      height='550px'
      readonly={true}
      eventSettings={eventSettings}
      selectedDate={new Date(1996, 6, 9)}
    >
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  );
}

const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React Schedule</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-schedule/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
     <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <div id='schedule'>
            <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>

The parameters added using the query property will be sent along with the data request sent to the server on every scheduler actions.

Handling failure actions

During the time of Scheduler interacting with server, there are chances that some server-side exceptions may occur. You can acquire those error messages or exception details in client-side using the actionFailure event of Scheduler.

The argument passed to the actionFailure event contains the error details returned from the server.

import { useRef } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
const App = () => {
    const scheduleRef = useRef(null);
    const dataManager = useRef(new DataManager({
        url: 'http://some.com/invalidUrl'
    }));
    const eventSettings = { dataSource: dataManager.current };

    const onActionFailure = () => {
        const span = document.createElement('span');
        scheduleRef.current?.element.parentNode?.insertBefore(span, scheduleRef.current?.element);
        if (span.style) {
            span.style.color = '#FF0000';
        }
        span.innerHTML = 'Server exception: 404 Not found';
    };

    return (
        <ScheduleComponent height='550px' ref={scheduleRef} selectedDate={new Date(2017, 5, 11)} actionFailure={onActionFailure} eventSettings={eventSettings} >
            <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
        </ScheduleComponent>
    );
};
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
import { useRef } from 'react';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject, EventSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
const App = () => {
  const scheduleRef = useRef<ScheduleComponent>(null);
  const dataManager = useRef<DataManager>(new DataManager({
    url: 'http://some.com/invalidUrl'
  }));
  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { dataSource: dataManager.current };

  const onActionFailure = (): void => {
    const span = document.createElement('span');
    scheduleRef.current.element.parentNode.insertBefore(span, scheduleRef.current.element);
    if (span.style) {
      span.style.color = '#FF0000';
    }
    span.innerHTML = 'Server exception: 404 Not found';
  };

  return (
    <ScheduleComponent height='550px' ref={scheduleRef} selectedDate={new Date(2017, 5, 11)} actionFailure={onActionFailure} eventSettings={eventSettings} >
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  );
};
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React Schedule</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-schedule/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
     <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <div id='schedule'>
            <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>

The actionFailure event will be triggered not only on server returning errors, but also when there is an exception while processing any of the Scheduler CRUD actions.

Scheduler CRUD actions

The CRUD (Create, Read, Update and Delete) actions can be performed easily on Scheduler appointments using the various adaptors available within the DataManager. Most preferably, we will be using UrlAdaptor for performing CRUD actions on scheduler appointments.

import { Schedule, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda } from '@syncfusion/ej2-schedule';
import { DataManager, UrlAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

Schedule.Inject(Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda);
let dataManager: DataManager = new DataManager({
       url: 'Home/GetData', // 'controller/actions'
       crudUrl: 'Home/UpdateData',
       adaptor: new UrlAdaptor
   });

let scheduleObj: Schedule = new Schedule({
    height: '550px',
    selectedDate: new Date(2017, 5, 5),
    eventSettings: { dataSource: dataManager }
});
scheduleObj.appendTo('#Schedule');

The server-side controller code to handle the CRUD operations are as follows.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using ScheduleSample.Models;

namespace ScheduleSample.Controllers
{
    public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        ScheduleDataDataContext db = new ScheduleDataDataContext();
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View();
        }
        public JsonResult LoadData()  // Here we get the Start and End Date and based on that can filter the data and return to Scheduler
        {
            var data = db.ScheduleEventDatas.ToList();
            return Json(data, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public JsonResult UpdateData(EditParams param)
        {
            if (param.action == "insert" || (param.action == "batch" && param.added != null)) // this block of code will execute while inserting the appointments
            {
                var value = (param.action == "insert") ? param.value : param.added[0];
                int intMax = db.ScheduleEventDatas.ToList().Count > 0 ? db.ScheduleEventDatas.ToList().Max(p => p.Id) : 1;
                DateTime startTime = Convert.ToDateTime(value.StartTime);
                DateTime endTime = Convert.ToDateTime(value.EndTime);
                ScheduleEventData appointment = new ScheduleEventData()
                {
                    Id = intMax + 1,
                    StartTime = startTime.ToLocalTime(),
                    EndTime = endTime.ToLocalTime(),
                    Subject = value.Subject,
                    IsAllDay = value.IsAllDay,
                    StartTimezone = value.StartTimezone,
                    EndTimezone = value.EndTimezone,
                    RecurrenceRule = value.RecurrenceRule,
                    RecurrenceID = value.RecurrenceID,
                    RecurrenceException = value.RecurrenceException
                };
                db.ScheduleEventDatas.InsertOnSubmit(appointment);
                db.SubmitChanges();
            }
            if (param.action == "update" || (param.action == "batch" && param.changed != null)) // this block of code will execute while updating the appointment
            {
                var value = (param.action == "update") ? param.value : param.changed[0];
                var filterData = db.ScheduleEventDatas.Where(c => c.Id == Convert.ToInt32(value.Id));
                if (filterData.Count() > 0)
                {
                    DateTime startTime = Convert.ToDateTime(value.StartTime);
                    DateTime endTime = Convert.ToDateTime(value.EndTime);
                    ScheduleEventData appointment = db.ScheduleEventDatas.Single(A => A.Id == Convert.ToInt32(value.Id));
                    appointment.StartTime = startTime.ToLocalTime();
                    appointment.EndTime = endTime.ToLocalTime();
                    appointment.StartTimezone = value.StartTimezone;
                    appointment.EndTimezone = value.EndTimezone;
                    appointment.Subject = value.Subject;
                    appointment.IsAllDay = value.IsAllDay;
                    appointment.RecurrenceRule = value.RecurrenceRule;
                    appointment.RecurrenceID = value.RecurrenceID;
                    appointment.RecurrenceException = value.RecurrenceException;
                }
                db.SubmitChanges();
            }
            if (param.action == "remove" || (param.action == "batch" && param.deleted != null)) // this block of code will execute while removing the appointment
            {
                if (param.action == "remove")
                {
                    int key = Convert.ToInt32(param.key);
                    ScheduleEventData appointment = db.ScheduleEventDatas.Where(c => c.Id == key).FirstOrDefault();
                    if (appointment != null) db.ScheduleEventDatas.DeleteOnSubmit(appointment);
                }
                else
                {
                    foreach (var apps in param.deleted)
                    {
                        ScheduleEventData appointment = db.ScheduleEventDatas.Where(c => c.Id == apps.Id).FirstOrDefault();
                        if (appointment != null) db.ScheduleEventDatas.DeleteOnSubmit(appointment);
                    }
                }
                db.SubmitChanges();
            }
            var data = db.ScheduleEventDatas.ToList();
            return Json(data, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
        }

        public class EditParams
        {
            public string key { get; set; }
            public string action { get; set; }
            public List<ScheduleEventData> added { get; set; }
            public List<ScheduleEventData> changed { get; set; }
            public List<ScheduleEventData> deleted { get; set; }
            public ScheduleEventData value { get; set; }
        }
    }
}

Configuring Scheduler with Google API service

We have assigned our custom created Google Calendar url to the DataManager and assigned the same to the Scheduler dataSource. Since the events data retrieved from the Google Calendar will be in its own object format, therefore it needs to be resolved manually within the Scheduler’s dataBinding event. Within this event, the event fields needs to be mapped properly and then assigned to the result.

import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, WebApiAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
const App = () => {
    let calendarId = 'en.usa%23holiday@group.v.calendar.google.com';
    let publicKey = 'AIzaSyBgbX_tgmVanBP4yafDPPXxWr70sjbKAXM';
    const dataManger = new DataManager({
        url: 'https://www.googleapis.com/calendar/v3/calendars/' + calendarId + '/events?key=' + publicKey,
        adaptor: new WebApiAdaptor(),
        crossDomain: true
    });
    const eventSettings = { dataSource: dataManger };

    const onDataBinding = (e) => {
        let items = e.result.items;
        let scheduleData = [];
        if (items.length > 0) {
            for (let i = 0; i < items.length; i++) {
                let event = items[i];
                let when = event.start.dateTime;
                let start = event.start.dateTime;
                let end = event.end.dateTime;
                if (!when) {
                    when = event.start.date;
                    start = event.start.date;
                    end = event.end.date;
                }
                scheduleData.push({
                    Id: event.id,
                    Subject: event.summary,
                    StartTime: new Date(start),
                    EndTime: new Date(end),
                    IsAllDay: !event.start.dateTime
                });
            }
        }
        e.result = scheduleData;
    }
    return (<ScheduleComponent width='100%' height='550px' selectedDate={new Date(2018, 10, 14)} readonly={true} eventSettings={eventSettings} dataBinding={onDataBinding}>
        <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>);
}
;
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import { ScheduleComponent, Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda, Inject, EventSettingsModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-schedule';
import { DataManager, WebApiAdaptor, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

const App = () => {
  let calendarId: string = 'en.usa%23holiday@group.v.calendar.google.com';
  let publicKey: 'AIzaSyBgbX_tgmVanBP4yafDPPXxWr70sjbKAXM';
  const dataManger: DataManager = new DataManager({
    url: 'https://www.googleapis.com/calendar/v3/calendars/' + calendarId + '/events?key=' + publicKey,
    adaptor: new WebApiAdaptor(),
    crossDomain: true
  });
  const eventSettings: EventSettingsModel = { dataSource: dataManger };

  const onDataBinding = (e: { [key: string]: Object }): void => {
    let items: { [key: string]: Object }[] = (e.result as { [key: string]: Object }).items as { [key: string]: Object }[];
    let scheduleData: Object[] = [];
    if (items.length > 0) {
      for (let i: number = 0; i < items.length; i++) {
        let event: { [key: string]: Object } = items[i];
        let when: string = (event.start as { [key: string]: Object }).dateTime as string;
        let start: string = (event.start as { [key: string]: Object }).dateTime as string;
        let end: string = (event.end as { [key: string]: Object }).dateTime as string;
        if (!when) {
          when = (event.start as { [key: string]: Object }).date as string;
          start = (event.start as { [key: string]: Object }).date as string;
          end = (event.end as { [key: string]: Object }).date as string;
        }
        scheduleData.push({
          Id: event.id,
          Subject: event.summary,
          StartTime: new Date(start),
          EndTime: new Date(end),
          IsAllDay: !(event.start as { [key: string]: Object }).dateTime
        });
      }
    }
    e.result = scheduleData;
  }

  return (
    <ScheduleComponent width='100%'
      height='550px' selectedDate={new Date(2018, 10, 14)} readonly={true}
      eventSettings={eventSettings} dataBinding={onDataBinding}>
      <Inject services={[Day, Week, WorkWeek, Month, Agenda]} />
    </ScheduleComponent>
  )

};
const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('schedule'));
root.render(<App />);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React Schedule</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/25.2.3/ej2-react-schedule/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
     <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <div id='schedule'>
            <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>

You can refer to our React Scheduler feature tour page for its groundbreaking feature representations. You can also explore our React Scheduler example to knows how to present and manipulate data.