Getting started in EJ2 TypeScript Menu control

3 Nov 202315 minutes to read

This section explains how to create a simple Menu, and configure its available functionalities in TypeScript using Essential JS 2 quickstart seed repository.

This application is integrated with the webpack.config.js configuration and uses the latest version of the webpack-cli. It requires node v14.15.0 or higher. For more information about webpack and its features, refer to the webpack documentation.

Dependencies

The following list of dependencies are required to use the Menu component in your application.

|-- @syncfusion/ej2-navigations
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-base
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-data
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-lists
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-inputs
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-popups
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-buttons

Set up development environment

Open the command prompt from the required directory, and run the following command to clone the Syncfusion JavaScript (Essential JS 2) quickstart project from GitHub.

git clone https://github.com/SyncfusionExamples/ej2-quickstart-webpack- ej2-quickstart

After cloning the application in the ej2-quickstart folder, run the following command line to navigate to the ej2-quickstart folder.

cd ej2-quickstart

Add Syncfusion JavaScript packages

Syncfusion JavaScript (Essential JS 2) packages are available on the npmjs.com public registry. You can install all Syncfusion JavaScript (Essential JS 2) controls in a single @syncfusion/ej2 package or individual packages for each control.

The quickstart application is preconfigured with the dependent @syncfusion/ej2 package in the ~/package.json file. Use the following command to install the dependent npm packages from the command prompt.

npm install

Import the Syncfusion CSS styles

To render Menu component, need to import navigations and its dependent components styles as given below in the ~/src/styles/styles.css file, as shown below:

@import "../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css";
@import "../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css";
@import "../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css";
@import "../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css";
@import "../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css";
@import "../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css";

Add Menu to the project

Open the application in Visual Studio Code and add the Syncfusion JavaScript UI controls.

Add the HTML UL tag with the id attribute as menu to your index.html file.

[src/index.html]

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 - Menu</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 - Menu" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />  
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <ul id="menu"></ul>
    </div>    
</body>

</html>

Import the Menu component in your app.ts file and initialize it with the #menu.

[src/app/app.ts]

import { Menu, MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

//Menu items definition
let menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
        items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];

// Initialize Menu component.
let menuObj: Menu = new Menu({ items: menuItems }, '#menu');

Run the application

Run the application in the browser using the following command:

npm start

The following example shows a basic Menu component.

import { Menu, MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

//Menu items definition
let menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
        items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];

// Initialize Menu component.
let menuObj: Menu = new Menu({ items: menuItems }, '#menu');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--style reference from app-->
    <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--system js reference and configuration-->
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div class="control-section">
            <ul id="menu"></ul>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

This example demonstrates the basic rendering of Menu with items support. For more information about data source support, refer to the Data Source Binding section.

Group menu items with separator

The separators are both horizontal and vertical lines used to separate the menu items. You cannot select the separators, but you can enable separators to group the menu items using the separator property. The Open and Save sub menu items are grouped using the separator property in the following sample.

import { Menu, MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

//Menu items definition
let menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { separator: true },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' },
            { text: 'Full Screen' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
         items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];

// Initialize Menu component.
let menuObj: Menu = new Menu({ items: menuItems }, '#menu');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--style reference from app-->
    <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--system js reference and configuration-->
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div class="control-section">
            <ul id="menu"></ul>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

The separator property should not be given along with the other fields in the MenuItem. You can also enable the separator to group horizontal menu items.

See Also