Edit in EJ2 TypeScript Grid control

4 Apr 202424 minutes to read

The Grid control provides powerful options for dynamically inserting, deleting, and updating records, enabling you to modify data directly within the grid. This feature is useful when you want to seamlessly perform CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations.

To enable editing functionality directly within the grid, you need to configure the allowEditing, allowAdding, and allowDeleting properties within the editSettings to true.

Editing feature requires a primary key column for CRUD operations. To define the primary key, set columns->isPrimaryKey to true in particular column.

You can start the edit action either by double clicking the particular row or by selecting the required row and click on Edit button in the toolbar. Similarly, you can add a new record to grid either by clicking on Add button in the toolbar or on an external button which is bound to invoke the addRecord method of the grid, Save and Cancel while in edit mode is possible using respective toolbar icon in grid. Deletion of the record is possible by selecting the required row and click on Delete button in the toolbar.

To use CRUD, inject the Edit module in the Grid.

import { Grid, Edit } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: {  allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right',validationRules: { required: true, number: true }, isPrimaryKey: true, width: 100 },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID',validationRules: { required: true }, width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight',editType: 'numericedit', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120,validationRules: { required: true,min:1, max:1000 }, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country',editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-notifications/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

  • If columns->isIdentity is enabled, then it will be considered as a read-only column when editing and adding a record.
  • You can disable editing for a particular column, by specifying columns.allowEditing to false.
  • You can use the Insert key to add a new row to the grid and use the Delete key to delete the selected row from the grid.

Toolbar with edit option

The toolbar with edit option feature in the Grid control provides a built-in toolbar that includes various items for executing editing actions. This feature allows you to easily perform edit operations on the grid data, such as modifying cell values, updating changes, and canceling edits.

To enable this feature, you need to configure the toolbar property of the Grid control. This property allows you to define the items that will be displayed in the grid toolbar. By including the relevant items like Edit, Add, Delete, Update, and Cancel within the toolbar property, you can enable the edit options in the toolbar.

Here’s an example of how to enable the toolbar with edit option in the Grid.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit,Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: {  allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right',validationRules: { required: true, number: true }, isPrimaryKey: true, width: 100 },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID',validationRules: { required: true }, width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight',editType: 'numericedit', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120,validationRules: { required: true ,number: true }, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country',validationRules: { required: true },editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-notifications/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Disable editing for particular column

In Grid control, you have an option to disable editing for a specific column. This feature is useful when you want to prevent editing certain columns, such as columns that contain calculated values or read-only data.

To disable editing for a particular column, you can use the allowEditing property of the columns object. By setting this property to false, you can prevent editing for that specific column.

Here’s an example that demonstrates how to disable editing for the column in the Grid.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar, Column } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { DropDownList, ChangeEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    allowPaging: true,
    pageSettings: { pageCount: 5 },
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', width: 120, textAlign: 'Right', isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules: { required: true, number: true } },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', width: 120, format: 'C2', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', width: 130, format: 'yMd', editType: 'datepickeredit', textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150, editType: 'dropdownedit', validationRules: { required: true }, edit: { params: { popupHeight: '300px' } } }
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

let currentColumn: Column;

var alignmentData = [
    { text: 'OrderID', value: 'OrderID' },
    { text: 'CustomerID', value: 'CustomerID' },
    { text: 'Freight', value: 'Freight' },
    { text: 'OrderDate', value: 'OrderDate' },
    { text: 'ShipCountry', value: 'ShipCountry' }
]

let dropdownList: DropDownList = new DropDownList({
    value: 'OrderID',
    popupHeight: '240px',
    width: 150,
    dataSource: alignmentData,
    fields: { text: 'text', value: 'value' },
    change: changeAlignment
});
dropdownList.appendTo('#dropdown');

function changeAlignment(args: ChangeEventArgs) {
    // Reset the allowEditing property of the previously selected column
    if (currentColumn) {
        currentColumn.allowEditing = true;
    }
    // Update the 'allowEditing' property for the selected column
    currentColumn = grid.getColumnByField((args.value as string)) as Column;
    currentColumn.allowEditing = false;
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-notifications/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div style="padding-bottom: 10px">
            <label 30px 17px 0 0> Select column to disable editing:</label>
            <input type="text" tabindex="1" id="dropdown" />
        </div>
        <div id='Grid'></div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

  • If you have set the isPrimaryKey property to true for a column, editing will be automatically disabled for that column.
  • You can disable the particular row using actionBegin event. Please refer this link.
  • You can disable the particular cell using cellEdit event. Please refer this link.

Editing template column

The editing template column feature in the Grid allows you to create custom editing templates for specific columns in the grid. This feature is particularly useful when you need to customize the editing experience for certain columns, such as using custom input controls or displaying additional information during editing.

To enable the editing template column feature, you need to define the field property for the specific column in the grid’s configuration. The field property maps the column to the corresponding field name in the data source, allowing you to edit the value of that field.

In the below demo, the ShipCountry column is rendered with the template.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit,Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: {  allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID',validationRules: { required: true }, textAlign: 'Right' ,isPrimaryKey: true, width: 100},
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID',validationRules: { required: true }, width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right',editType: 'numericedit', width: 120,validationRules: { required: true }, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country',editType: 'dropdownedit',template: '#template', width: 150}
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <script id="template" type="text/x-template">
            <a href="#">${ShipCountry}</a>     
        </script>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Customize delete confirmation dialog

Customizing the delete confirmation dialog in Grid allows you to personalize the appearance, content, and behavior of the dialog that appears when you attempts to delete an item. You can modify properties like header, showCloseIcon, and height to tailor the edit dialog to your specific requirements. Additionally, you can override default localization strings to provide custom text for buttons or other elements within the dialog.

To customize the delete confirmation dialog, you can utilize the toolbarClick event. This event is triggered when a toolbar item, such as the delete button, is clicked.

  • To enable the confirmation dialog for the delete operation in the Grid, you can set the showDeleteConfirmDialog property of the editSettings configuration to true.
  • You can refer the Grid Default text list for more localization.

The following example that demonstrates how to customize the delete confirmation dialog using the toolbarClick event.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { L10n } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { ClickEventArgs,Item  } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

L10n.load({
    'en-US': {
        grid: {
            'OKButton':'YES',
            'CancelButton':'Discard' ,
            'ConfirmDelete': 'Are you sure you want to delete the selected Record?' 
        }
    }
});

Grid.Inject(Edit,Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: {   allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, showDeleteConfirmDialog: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    toolbarClick: toolbarClick,
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID' ,isPrimaryKey: true, width: 120},
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 150 },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 120},
        { field: 'ShipCity', headerText: 'Ship City', width: 130 }
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

function toolbarClick(args: ClickEventArgs)
{
    if ((args.item as Item).text === 'Delete') {
        let dialogObj = ((grid as Grid).editModule as any).dialogObj   ;
        dialogObj.header = 'Delete Confirmation Dialog';
        dialogObj.showCloseIcon = true;    
    }
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-notifications/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Update boolean column value with a single click

The Syncfusion Grid allows you to update a boolean column value with a single click in the normal mode of editing. This feature streamlines the process of toggling boolean values within the grid, enhancing interaction and efficiency. This can be achieved through the use of the column template feature.

In the following sample, the CheckBox control is rendered as a template in the Verified column to make it editable with a single click.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar,QueryCellInfoEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { CheckBox } from '@syncfusion/ej2-buttons';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit,Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: {   allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    queryCellInfo: queryCellInfo,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID' ,isPrimaryKey: true,textAlign: 'Right', width: 120,validationRules: { required: true}},
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer Name', width: 120,validationRules: { required: true  } },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date',editType: 'datepickeredit',format: "M/d/yy" ,textAlign: 'Right',validationRules: { required: true  } , width: 130,type: 'date'},
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight',format: 'C2',textAlign: 'Right', width: 90,validationRules: { required: true, min: 1, max: 1000 }},
        { field: 'Verified',headerText: 'Verified',textAlign: 'Right', width: 90,validationRules: { required: true  },template: '#template'}
    ],
    height: 315
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

function queryCellInfo(args: QueryCellInfoEventArgs) {
    if (args.column.headerText === 'Verified') {
        let checkbox: CheckBox = new CheckBox
        ({  
            checked: (args.data as any).Verified
        });
        checkbox.appendTo(args.cell.querySelector('input'));
    }
  }
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-notifications/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/material.css" rel="stylesheet"/>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div class="wrap">
            <script type="text/x-template" id="template" >
                <input type="checkbox" id="checkbox">
            </script>
        </div>
        <div id='Grid'></div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Edit enum column

The Syncfusion Grid provides a feature that allows you to edit enum type data in a grid column. This is particularly useful when you need to edit enumerated list data efficiently.

In the following example, the DropDownList control is rendered within the cell edit template for the Employee Feedback column using edit property.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar, SaveEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { DropDownList } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let dropdownElem;
let dropdownObj;
let orderData;


let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    actionBegin: actionBegin,
    actionComplete: actionComplete,
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', isPrimaryKey: true, textAlign: 'Right', width: 90 },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Employee Name', textAlign: 'Left', width: 100 },
        {
            field: 'FeedbackDetails', headerText: 'Employee Feedback', textAlign: 'Left', width: 120,
            edit: {
                create: function () {
                    dropdownElem = document.createElement('input');
                    return dropdownElem;
                },
                read: function () {
                    return dropdownObj.text;
                },
                write: function (args: { element: { value: any; }; rowData: { FeedbackDetails: any; }; }) {
                    dropdownObj = new DropDownList({
                        dataSource: dropDownEnumValue,
                        fields: { text: 'FeedbackDetails', value: 'FeedbackDetails' },
                        value: orderData.FeedbackDetails, // Check if orderData is defined
                        change: function () { // Update orderData when the dropdown selection changes
                            if (dropdownObj && orderData) {
                                orderData.FeedbackDetails = dropdownObj.value as string;
                            }
                        }
                    });
                    dropdownObj.appendTo(dropdownElem as HTMLElement);
                    args.element.value = args.rowData.FeedbackDetails;
                },
            },
        },
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

export enum Feedback {
    Positive = 0,
    Negative = 1,
}

var dropDownEnumValue = Object.keys(Feedback).filter(
    (key) => !isNaN(Number(Feedback[key]))
);

function actionComplete(args: { requestType: string; rowIndex: string | number; }) {
    if (args.requestType === 'beginEdit') {
        var rowData = grid.getCurrentViewRecords()[args.rowIndex];
        dropdownObj.value = rowData.FeedbackDetails;
        dropdownObj.dataBind();
    }
}

function actionBegin(args: SaveEventArgs) {
    if (args.requestType === 'beginEdit' || args.requestType === 'add') {
        orderData = Object.assign({}, args.rowData);
    }
    if (args.requestType === 'save') {
        (args.data as EmployeeDetails)['FeedbackDetails'] = orderData['FeedbackDetails'];
    }
}

export interface EmployeeDetails {
    OrderID: number;
    CustomerID: string;
    FeedbackDetails: Feedback;
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <script id="template" type="text/x-template">
            <a href="#">${ShipCountry}</a>     
        </script>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Edit complex column

The edit template for complex column in Grid is used to customize the editing experience when dealing with complex data structures. This capability is particularly useful for handling nested data objects within grid columns. By default, the grid binds complex data to column fields using the dot (.) operator. However, when you render custom elements, such as input fields, in the edit template for a complex column, you must use the (___) underscore operator instead of the dot (.) operator to bind the complex object.

In the following sample, the input element is rendered in the edit template of the FirstName and LastName column. The edited changes can be saved using the name property of the input element. Since the complex data is bound to the FirstName and LastName column, The name property should be defined as Name__FirstName and Name__LastName, respectively, instead of using the dot notation (Name.FirstName and Name.LastName).

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar} from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { complexData } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit,Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: complexData,
    editSettings: {   allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'EmployeeID', headerText: 'Employee ID' ,textAlign: 'Right',isPrimaryKey: true, width: 120},
        { field: 'Name.FirstName', headerText: 'First Name', width: 200,editTemplate: function (props: Employee) {
                return '<input class="e-input" name="Name___FirstName" type="text" id="Name___FirstName" value="' + props.Name.FirstName + '" />';
            } },
        { field: 'Name.LastName', headerText: 'Last Name', width: 200,editTemplate: function (props: Employee) {
            return '<input class="e-input" type="text" name="Name___LastName" id="Name___LastName" value=" ' +props.Name.LastName+ '" />';}
          },
        { field: 'Title', headerText: 'Title', width: 150}
    ],
    height: 315
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

interface Employee {
    EmployeeID: number;
    Name: {
        FirstName: string;
        LastName: string;
    };
    Title: string;
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div class="wrap">
            <script type="text/x-template" id="editTemplate" >
              <input id="element">
            </script>
        </div>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Edit foreign key column

The Syncfusion Grid offers a powerful editing feature for foreign key columns, enhancing the default rendering of the DropDownList control during editing. This flexibility is particularly useful when you need to customize the editor for foreign key columns. By default, the Syncfusion Grid renders the DropDownList control as the editor for foreign key columns during editing. However, you can enhance and customize this behavior by leveraging the cell edit template for the column using edit property . The edit property allows you to specify a cell edit template that serves as an editor for a particular column.

In the following code example, the Employee Name is a foreign key column. When editing, the ComboBox control is rendered instead of DropDownList.

import { createElement } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { Grid, ForeignKey, Edit, Toolbar, ColumnModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { ComboBox } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { DataManager, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
import { data,employeeData } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(ForeignKey, Edit, Toolbar);

let employees = [
    { FirstName: 'Nancy', EmployeeID: 1 },
    { FirstName: 'Andrew', EmployeeID: 6 },
    { FirstName: 'Janet', EmployeeID: 3 },
    { FirstName: 'Margaret', EmployeeID: 4 },
    { FirstName: 'Steven', EmployeeID: 5 },
    { FirstName: 'Laura', EmployeeID: 8 }
];

let comboboxObj: ComboBox;

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', isPrimaryKey: true, width: 120 },
        {
            field: 'EmployeeID', headerText: 'Employee Name', foreignKeyValue: 'FirstName', dataSource: employeeData, width: '150',
            edit: {
                create: () => {
                    return createElement('input');
                },
                read: () => {
                    // Ensure comboboxObj is defined
                    if (comboboxObj) {
                        let value: Object[] = new DataManager(employeeData).executeLocal(new Query().where('FirstName', 'equal', comboboxObj.value));
                        return value.length && value[0]['EmployeeID'];
                    }
                    return null;
                },
                destroy: () => {
                    // to destroy the custom control.
                    comboboxObj.destroy();
                },
                write: (args: { rowData: Object, column: ColumnModel, foreignKeyData: Object, element: HTMLElement }) => {
                    let comboBoxObject: ComboBox = new ComboBox({
                        dataSource: employees,
                        fields: { value: args.column.foreignKeyValue },
                        value: args.foreignKeyData[0][args.column.foreignKeyValue]
                    });
                    comboBoxObject.appendTo(args.element);
                    // Assign comboboxObj after it's initialized
                    comboboxObj = comboBoxObject;
                }
            }
        },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', format: 'yMd', type: 'date', textAlign: 'Right', width: '130' },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', format: 'C2', textAlign: 'Right', width: '120' }
    ],
    height: 315,
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

How to perform CRUD action externally

Performing CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) actions externally in the Syncfusion Grid allows you to manipulate grid data outside the grid itself. This can be useful in scenarios where you want to manage data operations programmatically.

Using separate toolbar

The Syncfusion Grid enables external CRUD operations, allowing you to efficiently manage data manipulation within the grid. This capability is particularly useful when you need to manage data operations using a separate toolbar.

To perform CRUD operations externally, the following methods are available:

addRecord - To add a new record. If no data is passed then add form will be shown.
startEdit - To edit the selected row.
deleteRecord - To delete a selected row.
endEdit - If the grid is in editable state, then you can save a record by invoking this method.
closeEdit - To cancel the edited state.

The following example demonstrates the integration of the Syncfusion Grid with a separate toolbar for external CRUD operations. The toolbar contains buttons for Add, Edit, Delete, Update, and Cancel.

import { Grid, Edit } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import {Toolbar, ClickEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit,Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    allowPaging: true,
    pageSettings: { pageCount: 5 },
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', width: 120, textAlign: 'Right', isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules:  { required: true, number: true }},
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules:  { required: true}},
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', width: 120,format: 'C2', textAlign: 'Right',editType: 'numericedit',
        validationRules: { required: true }
        },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', width: 130,format: 'yMd',editType: 'datepickeredit',textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150,editType: 'dropdownedit',edit: { params: { popupHeight: '300px' } }}
    ]    
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

let toolbar: Toolbar = new Toolbar({
    items: [
        { text: "Add", id: "add" },
        { text: "Edit", id: "edit" },
        { text: "Delete", id: "delete" },
        { text: "Update", id: "update" },
        { text: "Cancel", id: "cancel" }
    ],
    clicked: onToolbarClick
});
toolbar.appendTo('#element');

function onToolbarClick(args: ClickEventArgs ){
    switch ((args.item as{ id: string }).id) {
      case 'add':
        grid.addRecord();
        break;
      case 'edit':
        grid.startEdit();
        break;
      case 'delete':
        grid.deleteRecord();
        break;
      case 'update':
        grid.endEdit();
        break;
      case 'cancel':
        grid.closeEdit();
        break;
    }
  }
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id="element"></div>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Using external form

Performing the edit operation in a custom external form in the Syncfusion Grid is a valuable feature when you need to customize the edit operation within a separate form rather than the default in-grid editing.

To enable the use of an external form for editing in Syncfusion Grid, you can make use of the rowSelected event. This event specifies whether the edit operation should be triggered when a row is selected.

In the following example, it demonstrates how to edit the form using an external form by utilizing the rowSelected event.

import { Grid, Edit, RowSelectEventArgs  } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { NumericTextBox } from '@syncfusion/ej2-inputs';
import { TextBox } from '@syncfusion/ej2-inputs';
import { DropDownList } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    height: 315,
    width: 500,
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'OrderID', isPrimaryKey: true, textAlign: 'Right', width: 120 },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'CustomerID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', format: 'C2', width: 120 },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'ShipCountry', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120 }
    ],
    rowSelected: rowSelectHandler
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

export class Order {
    OrderID?: number;
    CustomerID?: string;
    Freight?: number;
    ShipCountry?: string;
  }

let dropdownData = [
    { shipCountry: 'Germany' },
    { shipCountry: 'Brazil' },
    { shipCountry: 'France' },
    { shipCountry: 'Belgium' },
    { shipCountry: 'Switzerland' },
    { shipCountry: 'Venezuela' },
    { shipCountry: 'USA' },
    { shipCountry: 'Mexico' },
    { shipCountry: 'Italy' },
    { shipCountry: 'Sweden' },
    { shipCountry: 'Finland' },
    { shipCountry: 'Spain' },
    { shipCountry: 'Canada' },
    { shipCountry: 'Portugal' },
    { shipCountry: 'Denmark' },
    { shipCountry: 'Austria' },
    { shipCountry: 'UK' },
    { shipCountry: 'Ireland' },
    { shipCountry: 'Norway' },
    { shipCountry: 'Argentina' },
];

let selectedProduct = new Order();

let orderIDTextbox: NumericTextBox = new NumericTextBox({
    format: '###.##',
    value: selectedProduct.OrderID, 
 });
orderIDTextbox.appendTo('#orderID');

let customerIDTextbox: TextBox = new TextBox({
    value: selectedProduct.CustomerID,
    change: function() {
        selectedProduct.CustomerID = customerIDTextbox.value;
    }
 });
customerIDTextbox.appendTo('#customerID');

let freightTextbox: TextBox = new TextBox({
    value: selectedProduct.Freight,
    change: function() {
        selectedProduct.Freight = freightTextbox.value;
    }
 });
freightTextbox.appendTo('#freight');


let countryDropdown: DropDownList = new DropDownList({
    dataSource: dropdownData,
    fields: { text: 'shipCountry', value: 'shipCountry' },
    value: selectedProduct.ShipCountry,
    change: function() {
        selectedProduct.ShipCountry = countryDropdown.value;
    }
});
countryDropdown.appendTo('#country');

(document.getElementById('buttons') as HTMLElement).onclick = function () { 
    var index = grid.getSelectedRowIndexes()[0];
    grid.updateRow(index, selectedProduct);
};

function rowSelectHandler(args: RowSelectEventArgs ) {
    selectedProduct = Object.assign({}, args.data);
    orderIDTextbox.value = selectedProduct.OrderID;
    customerIDTextbox.value = selectedProduct.CustomerID;
    freightTextbox.value = selectedProduct.Freight;
    countryDropdown.value = selectedProduct.ShipCountry;
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-xs-6 col-md-3">
                <div>
                    <div class="form-row">
                        <div class="form-group col-md-12">
                            <label for="orderedit">OrderID</label>
                            <input id="orderID" class="form-control" type="text" disabled />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-row">
                        <div class="form-group col-md-12">
                            <label for="customeredit">CustomerID</label>
                            <input id="customerID" type="text" tabindex="2" />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-row">
                        <div class="form-group col-md-12">
                            <label for="freightedit">Freight</label>
                            <input id="freight" type="text">
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-row">
                        <div class="form-group col-md-12">
                            <label for="countryedit">ShipCountry</label>
                            <input  id="country" type="text" tabindex="1"  />
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <button class="e-btn" id="buttons">Save</button>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-6 col-md-9">
                <div id="Grid"></div>
            </div>
        </div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Troubleshoot editing works only for first row

The Editing functionalities can be performed based upon the primary key value of the selected row. If isPrimaryKey property is not defined in the grid, then edit or delete action take places the first row. To overcome this, ensure that you establish the isPrimaryKey property as true for the relevant column responsible for holding the unique identifier for each row.

How to make a grid column always editable

To make a Grid column always editable, you can utilize the column template feature of the Grid. This feature is useful when you want to edit a particular column’s values directly within the grid.

In the following example, the textbox is rendered in the Freight column using a column template. The keyup event for the Grid is bound using the created event of the Grid, and the edited changes are saved in the data source using the updateRow method of the Grid.

import { Grid, parentsUntil } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', width: 130, textAlign: 'Right', format:'yMd' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 140 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Receipt Amount', width: 150, template:'#template' }
    ],
    height: 315,
    created: () => {
        grid.element.addEventListener('keyup', function (e) { // Bind the keyup event for the grid.
            if ((e.target as HTMLElement).classList.contains('custemp')) { // Based on this condition, you can find whether the target is an input element or not.
                var row = parentsUntil(e.target as HTMLElement, 'e-row');
                var rowIndex = (row as HTMLFormElement).rowIndex; // Get the row index.
                var uid = row.getAttribute('data-uid');
                var rowData = grid.getRowObjectFromUID(uid).data; // Get the row data.
                rowData.Freight = (e.target as HTMLFormElement).value; // Update the new value for the corresponding column.
                grid.updateRow(rowIndex, rowData); // Update the modified value in the row data.
            }
        });
    }
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-base/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-grids/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-buttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-popups/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-navigations/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-dropdowns/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-lists/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-inputs/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-calendars/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-notifications/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/26.1.35/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <script id="template" type="text/x-template">
        <input value='${Freight}' class='custemp' type='text' style='width: 100%'>
    </script>
    <div id='container'> 
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

  • If a template column has a corresponding field property defined, the value entered in the template column’s input field will be stored in the associated edit column of the row’s data object.

See Also