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Editing

The Grid component has options to dynamically insert, delete and update records. Editing feature requires a primary key column for CRUD operations. To define the primary key, set columns.isPrimaryKey to true in particular column.

You can start the edit action either by double clicking the particular row or by selecting the required row and click on Edit button in the toolbar. Similarly, you can add a new record to grid either by clicking on Add button in the toolbar or on an external button which is bound to invoke the [addRecord]../api/grid/edit/#addrecord) method of the grid, Save and Cancel while in edit mode is possible using respective toolbar icon in grid.

Deletion of the record is possible by selecting the required row and click on Delete button in the toolbar.

To use CRUD, inject the Edit module in grid.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 315
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>
  • If columns.isIdentity is enabled, then it will be considered as a read-only column when editing and adding a record.
  • You can disable editing for a particular column, by specifying columns.allowEditing to false.

Toolbar with edit option

The grid toolbar has the built-in items to execute Editing actions. You can define this by using the toolbar property.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Cell edit type and its params

The columns.editType is used to define the editor component for any particular column. You can set the columns.editType based on data type of the column.

Also, you can customize the behavior of the editor component through the columns.edit.params.

The following table describes editor component and their example edit params of the column.

Component Example
NumericTextBox params: { decimals: 2, value: 5 }
DropDownList params: { value: ‘Germany’ }
Checkbox params: { checked: true}
DatePicker params: { format:‘dd.MM.yyyy’ }
DateTimePicker params: { value: new Date() }
Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', type: 'date', width: 120, format: { type:'date', format:'dd.MM.yyyy' } ,editType: 'datepickeredit', edit: { params: { format:'dd.MM.yy' }  } },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2', edit: { params: { decimals: 2, value: 5 } } },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150, edit: { params: { value: 'Germany' } } },
        { field: 'Verified', displayAsCheckBox: true,editType: "booleanedit", textAlign: 'Center',width: 100,  edit: { params: { checked: true} }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

If edit type is not defined in the column, then it will be considered as the stringedit type (Textbox component) .

Cell Edit Template

The cell edit template is used to add a custom component for a particular column by invoking the following functions:

  • create - It is used to create the element at the time of initialization.

  • write - It is used to create the custom component or assign default value at the time of editing.

  • read - It is used to read the value from the component at the time of save.

  • destroy - It is used to destroy the component.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar, Column } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { DatePicker } from '@syncfusion/ej2-calendars';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let elem: HTMLElement;
let datePickerObj: DatePicker;

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        {
            field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', type: 'date', width: 150, format: 'yMd', edit: {
                create: () => {
                    elem = document.createElement('input');
                    return elem;
                },
                read: () => {
                    return datePickerObj.value;
                },
                destroy: () => {
                    datePickerObj.destroy();
                },
                write: (args: { rowData: Object, column: Column }) => {
                    datePickerObj = new DatePicker({
                        value: new Date(args.rowData[args.column.field]),
                        floatLabelType: 'Never'
                    });
                    datePickerObj.appendTo(elem);
                }
            }
        }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Edit Modes

Grid supports the following types of edit modes, they are:

  • Normal
  • Dialog
  • Batch

Normal

In Normal edit mode, when you start editing the currently selected record is changed to edit state. You can change the cell values and save edited data to the data source. To enable Normal edit, set the editSettings.mode as Normal.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Normal' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Normal edit mode is default mode of editing.

Dialog

In Dialog edit mode, when you start editing the currently selected row data will be shown on a dialog. You can change the cell values and save edited data to the data source. To enable Dialog edit, set the editSettings.mode as Dialog.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Dialog' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Batch

In Batch edit mode, when you double-click on the grid cell, then the target cell changed to edit state. You can bulk save (added, changed and deleted data in the single request) to data source by click on the toolbar’s Update button or by externally invoking the [batchSave]../api/grid/edit/#batchsave) method. To enable Batch edit, set the editSettings.mode as Batch.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Batch' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Dialog/Inline template

The dialog/inline template editing provides an option to customize the default behavior of dialog editing. Using the dialog template, you can render your own editors by defining the editSettings.mode as Dialog/Inline and editSetting.template as SCRIPT element ID or HTML string which holds the template.

In some cases, you need to add the new field editors in the dialog which are not present in the column model. In that situation, the dialog template will help you to customize the default edit dialog.

In the following sample, grid enabled with dialog template editing.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.css
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar, DialogEditEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';
import { DataUtil } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
import { DataUtil } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
import { DropDownList } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
import { CheckBox } from '@syncfusion/ej2-buttons';
import { NumericTextBox } from '@syncfusion/ej2-inputs';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let countryData: {}[] = DataUtil.distinct(data, 'ShipCountry', true);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Dialog', template: '#dialogtemplate' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265,
    actionBegin: (args: SaveEventArgs) => {
        if (args.requestType === 'save') {
            // cast string to integer value.
            args.data['Freight'] = parseFloat(args.form.querySelector("#Freight").value);
        }
    },
    actionComplete: (args: DialogEditEventArgs) => {
        if ((args.requestType === 'beginEdit' || args.requestType === 'add')) {
            // Add Validation Rules
            args.form.ej2_instances[0].addRules('Freight', {max: 500});
            // EJ2-control Rendering
            new DropDownList({value: args.rowData.ShipCountry, popupHeight: '200px', floatLabelType: 'Always',
                dataSource: countryData, fields: {text: 'ShipCountry', value: 'ShipCountry'}, placeholder: 'Ship Country'}, args.form.elements.namedItem('ShipCountry') as HTMLInputElement);
            new CheckBox({ label: 'Verified', checked: args.rowData.Verified }, args.form.elements.namedItem('Verified'));
            new NumericTextBox({value: args.rowData.Freight, format: 'C2', placeholder: 'Freight', floatLabelType: 'Always' }, args.form.elements.namedItem('Freight') as HTMLInputElement );
             // Set initail Focus
            if (args.requestType === 'beginEdit') {
                (args.form.elements.namedItem('CustomerID')as HTMLInputElement).focus();
            }
        }
    }
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
#container {
    visibility: hidden;
}

#loader {
  color: #008cff;
  font-family: 'Helvetica Neue','calibiri';
  font-size: 14px;
  height: 40px;
  left: 45%;
  position: absolute;
  top: 45%;
  width: 30%;
}

.form-group.col-md-6 {
  width: 250px;
}
#ShipAddress{
  resize: vertical;
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" >
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
    <script id='dialogtemplate' type="text/x-template">
        <div>
            <div class="form-row" >
                <div class="form-group col-md-6">
                    <div class="e-float-input e-control-wrapper">
                        <input id="OrderID" name="OrderID" type="text" value=${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} ${OrderID} ${/if}  ${if(isAdd)}'' ${else} disabled ${/if}/>
                        <span class="e-float-line"></span>
                        <label class="e-float-text e-label-top" for="OrderID">Order ID</label>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="form-group col-md-6">
                    <div class="e-float-input e-control-wrapper">
                        <input id="CustomerID" name="CustomerID" type="text" value=${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} ${CustomerID} ${/if} />
                        <span class="e-float-line"></span>
                        <label class="e-float-text e-label-top" for="CustomerID">Customer ID</label>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-row">
                <div class="form-group col-md-6">
                    <div>
                        <input id="ShipCountry" name="ShipCountry" type="text" value=${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} ${ShipCountry} ${/if} />
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="form-group col-md-6">
                    <input id="Freight" value=${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} ${Freight} ${/if} />
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-row">
                <div class="form-group col-md-12">
                    <div class="e-float-input e-control-wrapper">
                        <textarea type="text" name="ShipAddress" id="ShipAddress" value=${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} ${ShipAddress} ${/if}>${if(isAdd)}  ${else} ${ShipAddress} ${/if}</textarea>
                        <span class="e-float-line"></span>
                        <label class="e-float-text e-label-top" for="ShipAddress">Ship Address</label>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-row">
                <div class="form-group col-md-6">
                    <input type="checkbox" name="Verified" id="Verified" ${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} checked ${/if} />
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>      
    </script>
</body>
</html>

The template form editors should have name attribute.

Template context

The Essential JS2 packages has a built-in template engine. Using the template engine, you can access the row information inside the HTML element and bind the attributes, values, or elements based on this row information.

The following properties will be available at the time of template execution.

Property Name Usage
isAdd A Boolean property; it defines whether the current row should be a new record or not.

In the following code example, the OrderID textbox has been disabled by using the isAdd property.

// The disabled attributes will be added based on the isAdd property.
<input id="OrderID" name="OrderID" type="text" value=${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} ${OrderID} ${/if}  ${if(isAdd)}'' ${else} disabled ${/if}/>

The following code example illustrates rendering the OrderID textbox, when a new record is added.

${if(isAdd)}
<div class="form-group col-md-6">
    <div class="e-float-input e-control-wrapper">
        <input id="OrderID" name="OrderID" type="text" value=${if(isAdd)} '' ${else} ${OrderID} ${/if} />
        <span class="e-float-line"></span>
        <label class="e-float-text e-label-top" for="OrderID">Order ID</label>
    </div>
</div>
${/if}

The dialog/inline dialog template syntax supports the ES6 expression string literals, and you can refer to the Template Engine for more template syntax.

Render editors as components

You can convert the form editors to EJ2 controls in the actionComplete event based on the requestType as beginEdit or add.

The following code example illustrates rendering the drop-down list control in the actionComplete event.

    actionComplete: (args: DialogEditEventArgs) => {
        if ((args.requestType === 'beginEdit' || args.requestType === 'add')) {
            let countryData: {}[] = DataUtil.distinct(data, 'ShipCountry', true);
            new DropDownList({value: args.rowData.ShipCountry, popupHeight: '200px', floatLabelType: 'Always',
                dataSource: countryData, fields: {text: 'ShipCountry', value: 'ShipCountry'}, placeholder: 'Ship Country'}, args.form.elements.namedItem('ShipCountry') as HTMLInputElement);
        }
    }

Get value from editor

You can read, format, and update the current editor value in the actionBegin event at the time of setting requestType to save.

In the following code example, the freight value has been formatted and updated.

    actionBegin: (args: SaveEventArgs) => {
        if (args.requestType === 'save') {
            // cast string to integer value.
            args.data['Freight'] = parseFloat(args.form.querySelector("#Freight").value);
        }
    }

Set focus to editor

By default, the first input element in the dialog will be focused while opening the dialog. If the first input element is in disabled or hidden state, focus the valid input element in the actionComplete event based on requestType as beginEdit.

    actionComplete: (args: DialogEditEventArgs) => {
        // Set initail Focus
        if (args.requestType === 'beginEdit') {
            (args.form.elements.namedItem('CustomerID')as HTMLInputElement).focus();
        }
    }

Adding validation rules for custom editors

If you have used additional fields that are not present in the column model, then add the validation rules to the actionComplete event.

    actionComplete: (args: DialogEditEventArgs) => {
        if ((args.requestType === 'beginEdit' || args.requestType === 'add')) {
            // Add Validation Rules
            args.form.ej2_instances[0].addRules('Freight', {max: 500});
        }
    }

Adding a new row at the Bottom of the Grid

By default, a new row will be added at the top of the grid. You can change it by setting editSettings.newRowPosition as Bottom.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, newRowPosition: 'Bottom' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Add newRowPostion is supported for Normal and Batch editing modes.

Command column

The command column provides an option to add CRUD action buttons in a column. This can be defined by the column.commands property.

The available built-in command buttons are:

Command Button Actions
Edit Edit the current row.
Delete Delete the current row.
Save Update the edited row.
Cancel Cancel the edited state.
Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, CommandColumn, Edit } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { employeeData } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(CommandColumn, Edit);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: employeeData,
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'EmployeeID', isPrimaryKey: 'true' headerText: 'Employee ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 125 },
        { field: 'FirstName', headerText: 'Name', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Title', headerText: 'Title', width: 170 },
        { headerText: 'Commands', width: 120, commands: [{ type: 'Edit', buttonOption: { cssClass: 'e-flat', iconCss: 'e-edit e-icons' } },
            { type: 'Delete', buttonOption: { cssClass: 'e-flat', iconCss: 'e-delete e-icons' } },
            { type: 'Save', buttonOption: { cssClass: 'e-flat', iconCss: 'e-update e-icons' } },
            { type: 'Cancel', buttonOption: { cssClass: 'e-flat', iconCss: 'e-cancel-icon e-icons' } }]}
    ],
    height: 310
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Custom command

The custom command buttons can be added in a column by using the column.commands property and the action for the custom buttons can be defined in the commandClick event.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, CommandColumn, Edit, IRow, Column, CommandClickEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { closest } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { employeeData } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(CommandColumn, Edit);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: employeeData,
    columns: [
        { field: 'EmployeeID', headerText: 'Employee ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 125 },
        { field: 'FirstName', headerText: 'Name', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Title', headerText: 'Title', width: 170 },
        { headerText: 'Commands', width: 120, commands: [{ buttonOption: { content: 'Details', cssClass: 'e-flat' } }]},
        ],
    commandClick: (args: CommandClickEventArgs) => {
        alert(JSON.stringify(args.rowData));
    },
    height: 315
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Confirmation messages

Delete confirmation

The delete confirm dialog can be shown when deleting a record by defining the showDeleteConfirmDialog as true

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { showDeleteConfirmDialog: true, allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Normal' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

The showDeleteConfirmDialog supports all type of edit modes.

Batch confirmation

By default, grid will show the confirm dialog when saving or canceling or performing any actions like filtering, sorting, etc.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { showConfirmDialog: true, showDeleteConfirmDialog: true, allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Batch' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Column validation

Column validation allows you to validate the edited or added row data and it display errors for invalid fields before saving data. Grid uses Form Validator component for column validation. You can set validation rules by defining the columns.validationRules.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Normal' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules: { required: true, minLength: 3 } },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Persisting data in server

Edited data can be persisted in the database using the RESTful web services.

All the CRUD operations in the grid are done through DataManager. The DataManager has an option to bind all the CRUD related data in server-side.

For your information, the ODataAdaptor persists data in the server as per OData protocol.

In the below section, we have explained how to get the edited data details on the server-side using the UrlAdaptor.

URL adaptor

You can use the UrlAdaptor of DataManager when binding data source from remote data. In the initial load of grid, data are fetched from remote data and bound to the grid using url property of DataManager. You can map The CRUD operation in grid can be mapped to server-side Controller actions using the properties insertUrl, removeUrl, updateUrl, crudUrl and batchUrl.

The following code example describes the above behavior.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { DataManager, UrlAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let data: DataManager = new DataManager({
    url: "Home/DataSource",
    updateUrl: "Home/Update",
    insertUrl: "Home/Insert",
    removeUrl: "Home/Delete",
    adaptor: new UrlAdaptor
});

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Normal' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules: { required: true, minLength: 3 }, defaultValue: 'HANAR' },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

Also, when using the UrlAdaptor, you need to return the data as JSON from the controller action and the JSON object must contain a property as result with dataSource as its value and one more property count with the dataSource total records count as its value.

The following code example describes the above behavior.

public ActionResult DataSource(DataManager dm)
{
    var DataSource = OrderRepository.GetAllRecords();
    DataResult result = new DataResult();
    result.result = DataSource.Skip(dm.Skip).Take(dm.Take).ToList();
    result.count = result.result.Count;
    return Json(result, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
}

public class DataResult
{
    public List<EditableOrder> result { get; set; }
    public int count { get; set; }
}

Insert record

Using the insertUrl property, you can specify the controller action mapping URL to perform insert operation on the server-side.

The following code example describes the above behavior.

public ActionResult Insert(EditableOrder value)
{
    //Insert record in database
}

The newly added record details are bound to the value parameter. Please refer to the following screenshot.

Insert

Update record

Using the updateUrl property, the controller action mapping URL can be specified to perform save/update operation on the server-side.

The following code example describes the previous behavior.

public ActionResult Update(EditableOrder value)
{
    //Update record in database
}

The updated record details are bound to the value parameter. Please refer to the following screenshot.

Update

Delete record

Using the removeUrl property, the controller action mapping URL can be specified to perform delete operation on the server-side.

The following code example describes the previous behavior.

public ActionResult Delete(int key)
{
    //Delete record in database
}

The deleted record primary key value is bound to the key parameter. Please refer to the following screenshot.

Delete

CRUD URL

Using the crudUrl property, the controller action mapping URL can be specified to perform all the CRUD operation at server-side using a single method instead of specifying separate controller action method for CRUD (insert, update and delete) operations.

The action parameter of crudUrl is used to get the corresponding CRUD action.

The following code example describes the above behavior.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { DataManager, UrlAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let data: DataManager = new DataManager({
    url: "Home/DataSource",
    crudUrl: "Home/CrudUpdate",
    adaptor: new UrlAdaptor
});

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Normal' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules: { required: true, minLength: 3 }, defaultValue: 'HANAR' },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
public ActionResult CrudUpdate(EditableOrder value, string action)
{
    if(action == "update"){
        //Update record in database
    }
    else if (action == "insert")
    {
        //Insert record in database
    }
    else
    {
        //Delete record in database
    }
}

Please refer to the following screenshot to know about the action parameter.

CRUD update

If you specify insertUrl along with crudUrl, then while adding insertUrl only will be invoked.

Batch URL

The batchUrl property supports only for batch editing mode. You can specify the controller action mapping URL to perform batch operation on the server-side.

The following code example describes the above behavior.

import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { DataManager, UrlAdaptor } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let data: DataManager = new DataManager({
    url: "Home/DataSource",
    batchUrl: "Home/BatchUpdate",
    adaptor: new UrlAdaptor
});

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Batch' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules: { required: true, minLength: 3 }, defaultValue: 'HANAR' },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
public ActionResult BatchUpdate(string action, List<EditableOrder> added, List<EditableOrder> changed, List<EditableOrder> deleted, int? key)
{
//Save the batch changes in database
}

Batch Update

Default column values on add new

The grid provides an option to set the default value for the columns when adding a new record in it. To set a default value for the particular column by defining the columns.defaultValue.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Normal' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules: { required: true, minLength: 3 }, defaultValue: 'HANAR' },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Custom validation

You can define your own custom validation rules for the specific columns by using Form Validator custom rules.

In the below demo, custom validation applied for CustomerID column.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let customFn: (args: { [key: string]: string }) => boolean = (args: { [key: string]: string }) => {
    return args['value'].length >= 5;
};

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Normal' },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true, validationRules: { required: true } },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, validationRules: { required: true, minLength: [customFn, 'Need atleast 5 letters'] } },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Disable editing for particular column

You can disable editing for particular columns by using the columns.allowEditing.

In the following demo, editing is disabled for the CustomerID column.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Grid, Edit, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120, allowEditing: false },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 265
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Troubleshoot: Editing works only for first row

The Editing functionalities can be performed based upon the primary key value of the selected row. If primaryKey is not defined in the grid, then edit or delete action take places the first row.

See also