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Audio in Vue RichTextEditor component

25 Jan 2023 / 11 minutes to read

The Rich Text Editor allows you to insert audio from online sources and local computers and then insert them into your content. You can insert the audio with the following list of options in the insertAudioSettings property.

Options Description
allowedTypes Specifies the extensions of the audio types allowed to insert on bowering and passing the extensions with comma separators. For example, pass allowedTypes as .mp3, .wav, .m4a and .wma.
layoutOption Sets the default display for audio when it is inserted into the Rich Text Editor. Possible options are Inline and Break.
saveFormat Sets the default save format of the audio element when inserted. Possible options are: Blob and Base64.
saveUrl Provides URL to map the action result method to save the audio.
removeUrl Provides URL to map the action result method to remove the audio.
path Specifies the location to store the audio.

Configure audio tool in the toolbar

You can add an audio tool in the Rich Text Editor toolbar using the toolbarSettings items property.

Rich Text Editor features are segregated into individual feature-wise modules. To use audio, inject the Audio module in provides section.

To configure the Audio toolbar item, refer to the below code.

Source
Preview
app.vue
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<template>
<div>
<div class="control-section">
    <div class="sample-container">
        <div class="default-section">
        <ejs-richtexteditor ref="rteObj" :height = "340" :insertAudioSettings = "insertAudioSettings" :toolbarSettings = "toolbarSettings" >
       <p>The Rich Text Editor component is WYSIWYG ("what you see is what you get") editor that provides the best user experience to create and update the content.
          Users can format their content using standard toolbar commands.</p>
            <p><b>Key features:</b></p>
            <ul>
            <li><p>Provides < IFRAME > and < DIV > modes</p></li>
            <li><p>Capable of handling markdown editing.</p></li>
            <li><p>Contains a modular library to load the necessary functionality on demand.</p></li>
            <li><p>Provides a fully customizable toolbar.</p></li>
            <li><p>Provides HTML view to edit the source directly for developers.</p></li>
            <li><p>Supports third-party library integration.</p></li>
            <li><p>Allows preview of modified content before saving it.</p></li>
            <li><p>Handles images, hyperlinks, video, hyperlinks, uploads, etc.</p></li>
            </ul>
        </ejs-richtexteditor>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

</div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { RichTextEditorPlugin, Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-richtexteditor";

Vue.use(RichTextEditorPlugin);

export default {
     data: function() {
        return {
            toolbarSettings: {
                items: ['Audio']
            },
            insertAudioSettings: {
                saveUrl: 'https://ej2.syncfusion.com/services/api/uploadbox/Save',
                removeUrl: 'https://ej2.syncfusion.com/services/api/uploadbox/Remove'
            }
        };
    },
    provide:{
        richtexteditor:[Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar]
    }
}
</script>
<style>
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-layouts/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-grids/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css';
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-gantt/styles/material.css";
</style>

Insert audio from the web

You can insert audio from either the hosted link or the local machine, by clicking the audio button in the editor’s toolbar. On clicking the audio button, a dialog opens, which allows you to insert audio from the web URL.

Insert from web URL

By default, the audio tool opens the audio dialog, allowing you to insert audio from an online source. Inserting the URL will be added to the src attribute of the <source> tag.

Vue Rich Text Editor Audio insert

Insert audio from local machine

You can use the browse option on the audio dialog, to select the audio from the local machine and insert it into the Rich Text Editor content.

If the path field is not specified in the insertAudioSettings, the audio will be converted into the Blob URL or Base64 and inserted inside the Rich Text Editor.

Restrict audio upload based on size

You can restrict the audio uploaded from the local machine when the uploaded audio file size is greater than the allowed size by using the fileUploading event.

The file size in the argument will be returned in bytes.

In the following illustration, the audio size has been validated before uploading, and it is determined whether the audio has been uploaded or not.

Copied to clipboard
<template>
<div>
<div class="control-section">
    <div class="sample-container">
        <div class="default-section">
        <ejs-richtexteditor ref="rteObj" :height = "340" :insertAudioSettings = "insertAudioSettings" :toolbarSettings = "toolbarSettings" :fileUploading = "onFileUpload">
        </ejs-richtexteditor>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

</div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { RichTextEditorPlugin, Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-richtexteditor";

Vue.use(RichTextEditorPlugin);

export default {
     data: function() {
        return {
            toolbarSettings: {
                items: ['Audio']
            },
            insertAudioSettings: {
              saveUrl: 'https://ej2.syncfusion.com/services/api/uploadbox/Save',
              removeUrl:  'https://ej2.syncfusion.com/services/api/uploadbox/Remove'
            }
        };
    },
    methods: {
        onFileUpload: function(args) {
            let sizeInBytes = args.fileData.size;
            let fileSize = 500000;
            if (fileSize < sizeInBytes) {
              args.cancel = true;
            }
        }
    },
    provide:{
        richtexteditor:[Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar]
    }
}
</script>
<style>
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-layouts/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-grids/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css';
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-gantt/styles/material.css";
</style>

Server-side action

The selected audio can be uploaded to the required destination using the controller action below. Map this method name in insertAudioSettings.saveUrl and provide the required destination path through insertAudioSettings.path properties.

If you want to insert lower-sized audio files in the editor and don’t want a specific physical location for saving the audio, you can opt to save the format as Base64.

In the following code blocks, the audio module has been injected and can insert the audio files saved in the specified path.

Copied to clipboard
<template>
<div>
<div class="control-section">
    <div class="sample-container">
        <div class="default-section">
        <ejs-richtexteditor ref="rteObj" :height="340" :toolbarSettings="toolbarSettings" :insertAudioSettings = "insertAudioSettings" >
        </ejs-richtexteditor>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

</div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { RichTextEditorPlugin, Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-richtexteditor";

Vue.use(RichTextEditorPlugin);

export default {
     data: function() {
        return {
            toolbarSettings: {
                items: ['Audio']
            },
            insertAudioSettings: {
                saveUrl: "[SERVICE_HOSTED_PATH]/api/uploadbox/SaveFiles",
                path: "[SERVICE_HOSTED_PATH]/Files/"
            }
        };
    },
    provide:{
        richtexteditor:[Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar]
    }
}
</script>
<style>
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-layouts/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-grids/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css';
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-gantt/styles/material.css";
</style>
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using System;
using System.IO;
using FileUpload.Models;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Net.Http.Headers;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;

namespace FileUpload.Controllers
{
    public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        private IHostingEnvironment hostingEnv;

        public HomeController(IHostingEnvironment env)
        {
            hostingEnv = env;
        }

        public IActionResult Index()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [AcceptVerbs("Post")]
        public void SaveFiles(IList<IFormFile> UploadFiles)
        {
            try
            {
                foreach (IFormFile file in UploadFiles)
                {
                    if (UploadFiles != null)
                    {
                        string filename = ContentDispositionHeaderValue.Parse(file.ContentDisposition).FileName.Trim('"');
                        filename = hostingEnv.WebRootPath + "\\Files" + $@"\{filename}";

                        // Create a new directory, if it does not exists
                        if (!Directory.Exists(hostingEnv.WebRootPath + "\\Files"))
                        {
                            Directory.CreateDirectory(hostingEnv.WebRootPath + "\\Files");
                        }

                        if (!System.IO.File.Exists(filename))
                        {
                            using (FileStream fs = System.IO.File.Create(filename))
                            {
                                file.CopyTo(fs);
                                fs.Flush();
                            }
                            Response.StatusCode = 200;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                Response.StatusCode = 204;
            }
        }

        [ResponseCache(Duration = 0, Location = ResponseCacheLocation.None, NoStore = true)]
        public IActionResult Error()
        {
            return View(new ErrorViewModel { RequestId = Activity.Current?.Id ?? HttpContext.TraceIdentifier });
        }
    }
}

Audio save format

The audio files can be saved as Blob or Base64 URL by using the insertAudioSettings.saveFormat property, which is of enum type, and the generated URL will be set to the src attribute of the <source> tag.

The default saveFormat property is set to Blob format.

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<audio>
    <source src="blob:http://ej2.syncfusion.com/3ab56a6e-ec0d-490f-85a5-f0aeb0ad8879" type="audio/mp3" >
</audio>

<audio>
    <source src="data:audio/mp3;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAADAAAAAwCAYAAABXAvmHA" type="audio/mp3" >
</audio>

Replacing audio

Once an audio file has been inserted, you can change it using the Rich Text Editor quickToolbarSettings audioReplace option. You can replace the audio file using the web URL or the browse option in the audio dialog.

Vue Rich Text Editor Audio replace

Delete audio

To remove audio from the Rich Text Editor content, select the audio and click the audioRemove button from the quick toolbar. It will delete the audio from the Rich Text Editor content as well as from the service location if the insertAudioSettings.removeUrl is given.

Once you select the audio from the local machine, the URL for the audio will be generated. You can remove the audio from the service location by clicking the cross icon.

Vue Rich Text Editor Audio delete

Display position

Sets the default display property for audio when it is inserted in the Rich Text Editor using the insertAudioSettings.layoutOption property. It has two possible options: Inline and Break. When updating the display positions, it updates the audio elements’ layout position.

The default layoutOption property is set to Inline.

Copied to clipboard
<template>
<div>
<div class="control-section">
    <div class="sample-container">
        <div class="default-section">
        <ejs-richtexteditor ref="rteObj" :height = "340" :insertAudioSettings = "insertAudioSettings" :toolbarSettings = "toolbarSettings" >
        </ejs-richtexteditor>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

</div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { RichTextEditorPlugin, Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-richtexteditor";

Vue.use(RichTextEditorPlugin);

export default {
     data: function() {
        return {
            toolbarSettings: {
                items: ['Audio']
            },
            insertAudioSettings: {
              layoutOption: 'Inline'
            }
        };
    },
    provide:{
        richtexteditor:[Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar]
    }
}
</script>
<style>
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-layouts/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-grids/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css';
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-gantt/styles/material.css";
</style>

Rename audio before inserting

You can use the insertAudioSettings property, to specify the server handler to upload the selected audio. Then by binding the fileUploadSuccess event, you can receive the modified file name from the server and update it in the Rich Text Editor’s insert audio dialog.

Copied to clipboard
<template>
<div>
<div class="control-section">
    <div class="sample-container">
        <div class="default-section">
        <ejs-richtexteditor ref="rteObj" :height = "340" :insertAudioSettings = "insertAudioSettings" :toolbarSettings = "toolbarSettings" :fileUploadSuccess = "onFileUploadSuccess">
            <p>The Rich Text Editor is WYSIWYG ("what you see is what you get") editor useful to create and edit content, and return the valid <a href="https://ej2.syncfusion.com/home/" target="_blank">HTML markup</a> or <a href="https://ej2.syncfusion.com/home/" target="_blank">markdown</a> of the content</p>
        </ejs-richtexteditor>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

</div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { RichTextEditorPlugin, Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-richtexteditor";

Vue.use(RichTextEditorPlugin);

export default {
     data: function() {
        return {
            toolbarSettings: {
                items: ['Audio']
            },
            insertAudioSettings: {
                saveUrl: "[SERVICE_HOSTED_PATH]/api/uploadbox/Rename",
                path: "[SERVICE_HOSTED_PATH]/Files/"
            }
        };
    },
    methods: {
      onFileUploadSuccess (args) {
        alert("Get the new file name here");
        if (args.e.currentTarget.getResponseHeader('name') != null) {
            args.file.name = args.e.currentTarget.getResponseHeader('name');
            let filename = document.querySelectorAll(".e-file-name")[0];
            filename.innerHTML = args.file.name.replace(document.querySelectorAll(".e-file-type")[0].innerHTML, '');
            filename.title = args.file.name;
        }
      }
    },
    provide:{
        richtexteditor:[Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar]
    }
}
</script>
<style>
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-layouts/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-grids/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css';
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-gantt/styles/material.css";
</style>

To configure the server-side handler, refer to the below code.

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int x = 0;
string file;
[AcceptVerbs("Post")]
public void Rename()
{
    try
    {
        var httpPostedFile = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.Files["UploadFiles"];
        fileName = httpPostedFile.FileName;
        if (httpPostedFile != null)
        {
            var fileSave = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/Files");
            if (!Directory.Exists(fileSave))
            {
                Directory.CreateDirectory(fileSave);
            }
            var fileName = Path.GetFileName(httpPostedFile.FileName);
            var fileSavePath = Path.Combine(fileSave, fileName);
            while (System.IO.File.Exists(fileSavePath))
            {
                fileName = "rteFiles" + x + "-" + fileName;
                fileSavePath = Path.Combine(fileSave, fileName);
                x++;
            }
            if (!System.IO.File.Exists(fileSavePath))
            {
                httpPostedFile.SaveAs(fileSavePath);
                HttpResponse Response = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response;
                Response.Clear();
                Response.Headers.Add("name", fileName);
                Response.ContentType = "application/json; charset=utf-8";
                Response.StatusDescription = "File uploaded succesfully";
                Response.End();
            }
        }
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        HttpResponse Response = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response;
        Response.Clear();
        Response.ContentType = "application/json; charset=utf-8";
        Response.StatusCode = 204;
        Response.Status = "204 No Content";
        Response.StatusDescription = e.Message;
        Response.End();
    }
}

Upload audio with authentication

You can add additional data with the audio uploaded from the Rich Text Editor on the client side, which can even be received on the server side by using the fileUploading event and its customFormData argument, you can pass parameters to the controller action. On the server side, you can fetch the custom headers by accessing the form collection from the current request, which retrieves the values sent using the POST method.

By default, it doesn’t support the UseDefaultCredentials property; we need to manually append the default credentials with the upload request.

Copied to clipboard
<template>
<div>
<div class="control-section">
    <div class="sample-container">
        <div class="default-section">
        <ejs-richtexteditor ref="rteObj" :height = "340" :insertAudioSettings = "insertAudioSettings" :toolbarSettings = "toolbarSettings" :fileUploading = "onFileUpload">
        </ejs-richtexteditor>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

</div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { RichTextEditorPlugin, Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-richtexteditor";

Vue.use(RichTextEditorPlugin);

export default {
     data: function() {
        return {
            toolbarSettings: {
                items: ['Audio']
            },
            insertAudioSettings: {
                 saveUrl: "[SERVICE_HOSTED_PATH]/api/uploadbox/SaveFiles",
                 path: "[SERVICE_HOSTED_PATH]/Files/"
            }
        };
    },
    methods: {
      onFileUpload (args) {
        alert("Get the new file name here");
          var accessToken = "Authorization_token";
          // adding custom Form Data
          args.customFormData = [{ 'Authorization': accessToken }];
      }
    },
    provide:{
        richtexteditor:[Toolbar, Link, Audio, HtmlEditor, QuickToolbar]
    }
}
</script>
<style >
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css';  
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-layouts/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-grids/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css';
@import '../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css';
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-gantt/styles/material.css";
</style>
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public void SaveFiles(IList<IFormFile> UploadFiles)
{
    string currentPath = Request.Form["Authorization"].ToString();
}

See Also