Data binding in Vue Query builder component

16 Mar 202324 minutes to read

The Query Builder uses DataManager, which supports both RESTful JSON data services binding and local JavaScript object array binding. The dataSource property can be assigned either with the instance of DataManager or JavaScript object array collection. It supports two kinds of data binding method:

  • Local data
  • Remote data

Local data

To bind local data to the query builder, you can assign the dataSource property with a JavaScript object array. The local data source can also be provided as an instance of the DataManager.

<template>
    <div class="control-section">
        <div class="col-lg-12 querybuilder-control">
            <ejs-querybuilder width="70%" :dataSource="dataSource" :rule="importRules">
                <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='EmployeeID' label='Employee ID' type='number' />
                    <e-column field='FirstName' label='First Name' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='TitleOfCourtesy' label='Title Of Courtesy' type='boolean' :values="values"/>
                    <e-column field='Title' label='Title' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='HireDate' label='Hire Date' type='date' format='dd/MM/yyyy' />
                    <e-column field='Country' label='Country' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='City' label='City' type='string' />
                </e-columns>
            </ejs-querybuilder>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { QueryBuilderPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder";
Vue.use(QueryBuilderPlugin);

export default {
    data: function() {
        return {
            dataSource: employeeData,
            values: ['Mr.', 'Mrs.'],
            importRules: {
                'condition': 'and',
                'rules': [{
                    'label': 'Employee ID',
                    'field': 'EmployeeID',
                    'type': 'number',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 1
                },
                {
                    'label': 'Title',
                    'field': 'Title',
                    'type': 'string',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 'Sales Manager'
                }]
            }
        };
    }
}
var employeeData = [{
      'EmployeeID': 1,
      'FirstName': 'Nancy',
      'Title': 'Sales Representative',
      'TitleOfCourtesy': 'Ms.',
      'HireDate': '22/07/2001',
      'City': 'Seattle',
      'Country': 'USA'
    },
    {
      'EmployeeID': 2,
      'FirstName': 'Andrew',
      'Title': 'Vice President',
      'TitleOfCourtesy': 'Dr.',
      'HireDate': '21/04/2003',
      'City': 'Tacoma',
      'Country': 'USA'
    },
    {
      'EmployeeID': 3,
      'FirstName': 'Janet',
      'Title': 'Sales Representative',
      'TitleOfCourtesy': 'Ms.',
      'HireDate': '22/07/2001',
      'City': 'Kirkland',
      'Country': 'USA'
    }];
</script>
<style>
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder/styles/material.css";
    .e-query-builder {
        margin: 0 auto;
    }
</style>

By default, DataManager uses JsonAdaptor for local data-binding.

Remote data

To bind remote data to the query builder, assign service data as an instance of DataManager to the dataSource property. To interact with remote data source, provide the endpoint url.

<template>
    <div class="control-section">
        <div class="col-lg-12 querybuilder-control">
            <ejs-querybuilder width="70%" :dataSource="data" :rule="importRules">
                <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='EmployeeID' label='Employee ID' type='number' />
                    <e-column field='FirstName' label='First Name' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='TitleOfCourtesy' label='Title Of Courtesy' type='boolean' :values="values"/>
                    <e-column field='Title' label='Title' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='HireDate' label='Hire Date' type='date' format='dd/MM/yyyy' />
                    <e-column field='Country' label='Country' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='City' label='City' type='string' />
                </e-columns>
            </ejs-querybuilder>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { QueryBuilderPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder";
import { DataManager, ODataAdaptor } from "@syncfusion/ej2-data";
Vue.use(QueryBuilderPlugin);

export default {
   data(){
        return {
            values: ['Mr.', 'Mrs.'],
            data: new DataManager({
            url: "https://js.syncfusion.com/demos/ejServices/Wcf/Northwind.svc/Orders/";
            adaptor: new ODataAdaptor(),
          }),
          importRules: {
                'condition': 'and',
                'rules': [{
                    'label': 'Employee ID',
                    'field': 'EmployeeID',
                    'type': 'number',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 1
                },
                {
                    'label': 'Title',
                    'field': 'Title',
                    'type': 'string',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 'Sales Manager'
                }]
            }
        };
    };
}
</script>
<style>
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder/styles/material.css";
    .e-query-builder {
        margin: 0 auto;
    }
</style>

By default, DataManager uses ODataAdaptor for remote data-binding.

Binding with OData services

OData is a standardized protocol for creating and consuming data. You can retrieve data from OData service using the DataManager. Refer to the following code example for remote Data binding using OData service.

<template>
    <div class="control-section">
        <div class="col-lg-12 querybuilder-control">
            <ejs-querybuilder width="70%" :dataSource="data" :rule="importRules">
                <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='EmployeeID' label='Employee ID' type='number' />
                    <e-column field='FirstName' label='First Name' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='TitleOfCourtesy' label='Title Of Courtesy' type='boolean' :values="values"/>
                    <e-column field='Title' label='Title' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='HireDate' label='Hire Date' type='date' format='dd/MM/yyyy' />
                    <e-column field='Country' label='Country' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='City' label='City' type='string' />
                </e-columns>
            </ejs-querybuilder>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { QueryBuilderPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder";
import { DataManager, ODataAdaptor } from "@syncfusion/ej2-data";
Vue.use(QueryBuilderPlugin);

export default {
    data(){
        return {
            values: ['Mr.', 'Mrs.'],
            data: new DataManager({
            url: "https://js.syncfusion.com/demos/ejServices/Wcf/Northwind.svc/Orders/";
            adaptor: new ODataAdaptor(),
            crossDomain: true
          }),
            importRules: {
                'condition': 'and',
                'rules': [{
                    'label': 'Employee ID',
                    'field': 'EmployeeID',
                    'type': 'number',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 1
                },
                {
                    'label': 'Title',
                    'field': 'Title',
                    'type': 'string',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 'Sales Manager'
                }]
            }
        };
    };
}
</script>
<style>
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder/styles/material.css";
    .e-query-builder {
        margin: 0 auto;
    }
</style>

Binding with OData v4 services

The ODataV4 is an improved version of OData protocols, and the DataManager can also retrieve and consume OData v4 services. For more details on OData v4 services, refer to the odata documentation. To bind OData v4 service, use the ODataV4Adaptor.

<template>
    <div class="control-section">
        <div class="col-lg-12 querybuilder-control">
            <ejs-querybuilder width="70%" :dataSource="data" :rule="importRules">
                <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='EmployeeID' label='Employee ID' type='number' />
                    <e-column field='FirstName' label='First Name' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='TitleOfCourtesy' label='Title Of Courtesy' type='boolean' :values="values"/>
                    <e-column field='Title' label='Title' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='HireDate' label='Hire Date' type='date' format='dd/MM/yyyy' />
                    <e-column field='Country' label='Country' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='City' label='City' type='string' />
                </e-columns>
            </ejs-querybuilder>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { QueryBuilderPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder";
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor } from "@syncfusion/ej2-data";
Vue.use(QueryBuilderPlugin);

export default {
    data(){
        return {
            values: ['Mr.', 'Mrs.'],
            data: new DataManager({
            url: "https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/Orders/";
            adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor(),
            crossDomain: true
          }),
            importRules: {
                'condition': 'and',
                'rules': [{
                    'label': 'Employee ID',
                    'field': 'EmployeeID',
                    'type': 'number',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 1
                },
                {
                    'label': 'Title',
                    'field': 'Title',
                    'type': 'string',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 'Sales Manager'
                }]
            }
        };
    };
}
</script>
<style>
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder/styles/material.css";
    .e-query-builder {
        margin: 0 auto;
    }
</style>

Web API

You can use WebApiAdaptor to bind query builder with Web API created using OData endpoint.

<template>
    <div class="control-section">
        <div class="col-lg-12 querybuilder-control">
            <ejs-querybuilder width="70%" :dataSource="data" :rule="importRules">
                <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='EmployeeID' label='Employee ID' type='number' />
                    <e-column field='FirstName' label='First Name' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='TitleOfCourtesy' label='Title Of Courtesy' type='boolean' :values="values"/>
                    <e-column field='Title' label='Title' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='HireDate' label='Hire Date' type='date' format='dd/MM/yyyy' />
                    <e-column field='Country' label='Country' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='City' label='City' type='string' />
                </e-columns>
            </ejs-querybuilder>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { QueryBuilderPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder";
import { DataManager, WebApiAdaptor } from "@syncfusion/ej2-data";
Vue.use(QueryBuilderPlugin);

export default {
    data: function() {
        return {
            values: ['Mr.', 'Mrs.'],
            data: new DataManager({
            url: 'api/OrderAPI',
            adaptor: new WebApiAdaptor(),
            crossDomain: true
      }),
            importRules: {
                'condition': 'and',
                'rules': [{
                    'label': 'Employee ID',
                    'field': 'EmployeeID',
                    'type': 'number',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 1
                },
                {
                    'label': 'Title',
                    'field': 'Title',
                    'type': 'string',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 'Sales Manager'
                }]
            }
        };
    }
}
</script>
<style>
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder/styles/material.css";
    .e-query-builder {
        margin: 0 auto;
    }
</style>

Data Manager

You can use the created conditions in DataManager through the getPredicate method. This method creates predicates which is used as conditions in DataManager.

Install Syncfusion Buttons packages using below command.

npm install @syncfusion/ej2-vue-buttons --save
<template>
    <div class="control-section">
        <div class="col-lg-12 querybuilder-control">
            <ejs-querybuilder ref="querybuilder" width="70%" :dataSource="dataSource" :rule="importRules">
                <e-columns>
                    <e-column field='EmployeeID' label='Employee ID' type='number' />
                    <e-column field='FirstName' label='First Name' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='TitleOfCourtesy' label='Title Of Courtesy' type='boolean' :values="values"/>
                    <e-column field='Title' label='Title' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='HireDate' label='Hire Date' type='date' format='dd/MM/yyyy' />
                    <e-column field='Country' label='Country' type='string' />
                    <e-column field='City' label='City' type='string' />
                </e-columns>
            </ejs-querybuilder>
             <ejs-button cssClass="e-qb-button" :isPrimary="true" v-on:click.native="btnClick">Get Data</ejs-button>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { QueryBuilderPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder";
import { DataManager, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
import { ButtonPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-buttons";
import { Compile } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base'

Vue.use(ButtonPlugin);
Vue.use(QueryBuilderPlugin);

export default {
    data: function() {
        return {
            dataSource: employeeData,
            values: ['Mr.', 'Mrs.'],
            importRules: {
                'condition': 'and',
                'rules': [{
                    'label': 'Employee ID',
                    'field': 'EmployeeID',
                    'type': 'number',
                    'operator': 'equal',
                    'value': 1
                }]
            }
        };
    },
      methods: {
    btnClick: function(event) {
        var validRule = this.$refs.querybuilder.ej2Instances.getValidRules(this.$refs.querybuilder.ej2Instances.rule);
        var predicate = this.$refs.querybuilder.ej2Instances.getPredicate(validRule);
        var dataManagerQuery = new Query().select(['EmployeeID', 'Title', 'City']);
        var fltrDataSource = [];
          new DataManager(employeeData).executeQuery(dataManagerQuery)
            .then((e) => {
                (e.result).forEach((data) => {
                      fltrDataSource.push(data);
                    //recieve the result data
                });
            });
    }
  }
}
var employeeData = [{
      'EmployeeID': 1,
      'FirstName': 'Nancy',
      'Title': 'Sales Representative',
      'TitleOfCourtesy': 'Ms.',
      'HireDate': '22/07/2001',
      'City': 'Seattle',
      'Country': 'USA'
    },
    {
      'EmployeeID': 2,
      'FirstName': 'Andrew',
      'Title': 'Vice President',
      'TitleOfCourtesy': 'Dr.',
      'HireDate': '21/04/2003',
      'City': 'Tacoma',
      'Country': 'USA'
    },
    {
      'EmployeeID': 3,
      'FirstName': 'Janet',
      'Title': 'Sales Representative',
      'TitleOfCourtesy': 'Ms.',
      'HireDate': '22/07/2001',
      'City': 'Kirkland',
      'Country': 'USA'
    }];
</script>
<style>
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder/styles/material.css";
    .e-query-builder {
        margin: 0 auto;
    }
    .e-qb-button {
        margin: 2% 1% 0 15%;
    }
</style>

Complex Data Binding

Complex Data Binding allows you to create subfield for columns. To implement complex data binding, either bind the complex data in nested columns or specify complex data source and separator must be given in querybuilder.

In the following sample, complex data was bound in nested columns.

<template>
<div class="control-section">
<div>
    <table>
        <tr>
            <td> <ejs-button id="reset" class="e-control e-danger e-btn e-small"  v-on:click.native='onReset'>Reset</ejs-button> </td>
            <td> <ejs-button id="rule" class="e-control e-success e-btn e-small"  v-on:click.native='onSetsqlRules'>SetSqlRules</ejs-button> </td>
            <td> <ejs-button id="sql" class="e-control e-success e-btn e-small"  v-on:click.native='onSetrules' >SetRules</ejs-button> </td>
        </tr>
    </table>
</div>
 <ejs-querybuilder id="querybuilder" ref="querybuilder" :rule="importRules" separator ="." enableNotCondition = true>
                <e-columns>
                    <e-column field="Employee" label="Employee" :columns='columns1'/>
                    <e-column field="Name" label="Name" :columns="columns2" />
                    <e-column field='Country' label='Country' :columns="columns3"/>
                </e-columns>
</ejs-querybuilder>

</div>
</template>

<script>
import Vue from "vue";
import { QueryBuilderPlugin } from '@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder';
import { DropDownListPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-dropdowns";
import { getComponent, compile,closest } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { CheckBoxPlugin, ButtonPlugin, RadioButtonPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-buttons";
import { DropDownButtonPlugin } from "@syncfusion/ej2-vue-splitbuttons";

Vue.use(QueryBuilderPlugin);
Vue.use(DropDownListPlugin);
Vue.use(CheckBoxPlugin);
Vue.use(DropDownButtonPlugin);
Vue.use(ButtonPlugin);
Vue.use(RadioButtonPlugin);

export default {
    data: function() {
        return {
            importRules: {
                condition: 'and',
                rules: [{
                    label: 'ID',
                    field: 'Employee.ID',
                    type: 'string',
                    operator: 'equal',
                    value: 0
                },
                {
                    label: 'Last Name',
                    field: 'Name.LastName',
                    type: 'string',
                    operator: 'contains',
                    value: 'malan'
                },
                {
                    condition: 'or',
                    rules: [{
                        label: 'City',
                        field: 'Country.State.City',
                        operator: 'startswith',
                        type: 'string',
                        value: 'U'
                    },
                    {
                        label: 'Region',
                        field: 'Country.Region',
                        operator: 'endswith',
                        type: 'string',
                        value: 'c'
                    },
                    {
                        label: 'Name',
                        field: 'Country.Name',
                        operator: 'isnotempty'
                    }]
                }]
            },
            columns1: [
                { field: 'ID', label: 'ID', type: 'number'},
                { field: 'DOB', label: 'Date of birth', type: 'date'},
                { field: 'HireDate', label: 'Hire Date', type: 'date'},
                { field: 'Salary', label: 'Salary', type: 'number'},
                { field: 'Age', label: 'Age', type: 'number'},
                { field: 'Title', label: 'Title', type: 'string'}
            ],
            columns2: [
                { field: 'FirstName', label: 'First Name', type: 'string'},
                { field: 'LastName', label: 'Last Name', type: 'string'}
            ],
            columns3: [
                { field: 'State', label: 'State', columns : [
                    { field: 'City', label: 'City', type: 'string'},
                    { field: 'Zipcode', label: 'Zip Code', type: 'number'}] },
                { field: 'Region', label: 'Region', type: 'string'},
                { field: 'Name', label: 'Name', type: 'string'}
            ],
        };  
    },
     methods: {
        onReset: function(event){
            this.$refs.querybuilder.ej2Instances.reset();
        },
        onSetsqlRules: function(event){
            this.$refs.querybuilder.ej2Instances.setRulesFromSql("Employee.ID = 0 AND Name.LastName LIKE ('%malan%') AND (Country.State.City LIKE ('U%') AND Country.Region LIKE ('%c') AND Country.Name IS NOT EMPTY)");
        },
        onSetrules: function(event){
            this.$refs.querybuilder.ej2Instances.setRules(this.importRules);
        }  
    }
}


</script>
<style>
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css";
    @import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-vue-querybuilder/styles/material.css";
    .e-query-builder .e-group-body .e-horizontal-mode .e-rule-sub-filter{
        display: inline-block;
    }
    .e-query-builder .e-group-body .e-rule-container .e-rule-sub-filter{
        padding: 12px 0 12px 12px;
        width: auto;
    }
</style>