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Data Binding

The MultiSelect loads the data either from local data sources or remote data services using the dataSource property. It supports the data type of array or DataManager.

The MultiSelect also supports different kinds of data services such as OData, OData V4, and Web API, and data formats such as XML, JSON, and JSONP with the help of DataManager adaptors.

Fields Type Description
text string Specifies the display text of each list item.
value number or string Specifies the hidden data value mapped to each list item that should contain a unique value.
groupBy string Specifies the category under which the list item has to be grouped.
iconCss string Specifies the icon class of each list item.

When binding complex data to the MultiSelect, fields should be mapped correctly. Otherwise, the selected item remains undefined.

Binding local data

Local data can be represented in two ways as described below.

1. Array of string

The MultiSelect has support to load array of primitive data such as strings and numbers. Here, both value and text field act the same.

Source
Preview
index.tsx
index.html
import { MultiSelectComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-dropdowns';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

export default class App extends React.Component<{}, {}> {

    // define the array of string
    private sportsData: string[] = ['Badminton', 'Cricket', 'Football', 'Golf', 'Tennis'];

    public render() {
        return (
              // specifies the tag for render the MultiSelect component
            <MultiSelectComponent id="mtselement" dataSource={this.sportsData} placeholder="Select a game" />
        );
    }
}
ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('sample'));
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React DropDownList</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='sample' style="margin: 20px auto 0; width:250px;">
        <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

2. Array of object

The MultiSelect can generate its list items through an array of complex data. For this, the appropriate columns should be mapped to the fields property.

In the following example, id column and sports column from complex data have been mapped to the value field and text field, respectively.

Source
Preview
index.tsx
index.html
import { MultiSelectComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-dropdowns';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

export default class App extends React.Component<{}, {}> {

    // define the JSON of data
    private sportsData: { [key: string]: Object }[] = [
        { id: 'game1', sports: 'Badminton' },
        { id: 'game2', sports: 'Football' },
        { id: 'game3', sports: 'Tennis' }
    ];

    // maps the appropriate column to fields property
    private fields: object = { text: 'sports', value: 'id' };

    public render() {
        return (
             // specifies the tag for render the MultiSelect component
            <MultiSelectComponent id="mtselement" dataSource={this.sportsData} fields={this.fields} placeholder="Select a game" />
        );
    }
}
ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('sample'));
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React MultiSelect</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='sample' style="margin: 20px auto 0; width:250px;">
        <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

3. Array of complex object

The MultiSelect can generate its list items through an array of complex data. For this, the appropriate columns should be mapped to the fields property.

In the following example, Code.Id column and Country.Name column from complex data have been mapped to the value field and text field, respectively.

Source
Preview
index.tsx
index.html
import { MultiSelectComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-dropdowns';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

export default class App extends React.Component<{}, {}> {

    // define the JSON of data
    private countriesData: { [key: string]: Object }[] = [
        { Country: { Name: 'Australia' }, Code: { Id: 'AU' }},
        { Country: { Name: 'Bermuda' },Code: { Id: 'BM' }},
        { Country:{ Name: 'Canada'}, Code:{ Id: 'CA'} },
        { Country:{Name: 'Cameroon'}, Code:{ Id: 'CM'} },
        { Country:{Name: 'Denmark'}, Code:{ Id: 'DK' }},
        { Country:{Name: 'France'}, Code: { Id:'FR'} }
    ];

    // maps the appropriate column to fields property
    private fields: object = { text: 'Country.Name', value: 'Code.Id' };

    public render() {
        return (
             // specifies the tag for render the MultiSelect component
            <MultiSelectComponent id="mtselement" dataSource={this.countriesData} fields={this.fields} placeholder="Select a country" />
        );
    }
}
ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('sample'));
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React MultiSelect</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='sample' style="margin: 20px auto 0; width:250px;">
        <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

Binding remote data

The MultiSelect supports retrieval of data from remote data services with the help of DataManager component. The Query property is used to fetch data from the database and bind it to the MultiSelect.

The following sample displays the first 6 contacts from “Customers” table of the Northwind Data Service.

Source
Preview
index.tsx
index.html
// import DataManager related classes
import { DataManager, ODataV4Adaptor, Query } from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';
import { SortOrder } from '@syncfusion/ej2-lists';
import { MultiSelectComponent } from '@syncfusion/ej2-react-dropdowns';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

export default class App extends React.Component<{}, {}> {
    // bind the DataManager instance to dataSource property
    private customerData: DataManager = new DataManager({
        adaptor: new ODataV4Adaptor,
        crossDomain: true,
        url: 'https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc/',
    });
    // bind the Query instance to query property
    private query: Query = new Query().from('Customers').select(['ContactName', 'CustomerID']).take(6);
    // maps the appropriate column to fields property
    private fields: object = { text: 'ContactName', value: 'CustomerID' };
    // sort the resulted items
    private sortOrder: SortOrder = 'Ascending';

    public render() {
        return (
              // specifies the tag for render the MultiSelect component
            <MultiSelectComponent id="mtselement" query={this.query} dataSource={this.customerData}
            fields={this.fields} sortOrder={this.sortOrder} placeholder="Select a customer" />
        );
    }
}
ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('sample'));
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Syncfusion React MultiSelect</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 for React Components" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-react-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        #loader {
            color: #008cff;
            height: 40px;
            left: 45%;
            position: absolute;
            top: 45%;
            width: 30%;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='sample' style="margin: 20px auto 0; width:250px;">
        <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

See Also