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Data Binding

  • Diagram can be populated with the nodes and connectors based on the information provided from an external data source.

  • Diagram exposes its specific data-related properties allowing you to specify the data source fields from where the node information has to be retrieved from.

  • The dataManager property is used to define the data source either as a collection of objects or as an instance of DataManager that needs to be populated in the diagram.

  • The ID property is used to define the unique field of each JSON data.

  • The parentId property is used to defines the parent field which builds the relationship between ID and parent field.

  • The root property is used to define the root node for the diagram populated from the data source.

  • To explore those properties, see DataSourceSettings.

  • Diagram supports two types of data binding. They are:

    1. Local data
    2. Remote data

Local data

Diagram can be populated based on the user defined JSON data (Local Data) by mapping the relevant data source fields.

To map the user defined JSON data with diagram, configure the fields of dataSourceSettings. The following code example illustrates how to bind local data with the diagram.

Source
Preview
index.tsx
import * as React from "react";
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import {
    Diagram,
    DiagramComponent,
    NodeModel,
    ConnectorModel,
    Node,
    DataBinding,
    HierarchicalTree,
    DiagramTools,
    Inject
} from "@syncfusion/ej2-react-diagrams";
import {
    DataManager
} from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

let species: object[] = [
    { 'Name': 'Species', 'fillColor': '#3DD94A' },
    { 'Name': 'Plants', 'Category': 'Species' },
    { 'Name': 'Fungi', 'Category': 'Species' },
    { 'Name': 'Lichens', 'Category': 'Species' },
    { 'Name': 'Animals', 'Category': 'Species' },
    { 'Name': 'Mosses', 'Category': 'Plants' },
    { 'Name': 'Ferns', 'Category': 'Plants' },
    { 'Name': 'Gymnosperms', 'Category': 'Plants' },
    { 'Name': 'Dicotyledens', 'Category': 'Plants' },
    { 'Name': 'Monocotyledens', 'Category': 'Plants' },
    { 'Name': 'Invertebrates', 'Category': 'Animals' },
    { 'Name': 'Vertebrates', 'Category': 'Animals' },
    { 'Name': 'Insects', 'Category': 'Invertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Molluscs', 'Category': 'Invertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Crustaceans', 'Category': 'Invertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Others', 'Category': 'Invertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Fish', 'Category': 'Vertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Amphibians', 'Category': 'Vertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Reptiles', 'Category': 'Vertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Birds', 'Category': 'Vertebrates' },
    { 'Name': 'Mammals', 'Category': 'Vertebrates' }
];

//Initializes diagram control
ReactDOM.render( <DiagramComponent id = "diagram"
        width = {
            '100%'
        }
        height = {
            490
        }
        //Configures data source
        dataSourceSettings = {
            {
                id: 'Name',
                parentId: 'Category',
                dataManager: new DataManager(species),
                //binds the external data with node
                doBinding: (nodeModel: NodeModel, data: DataInfo, diagram: Diagram) => {
                    nodeModel.annotations = [{
                        /* tslint:disable:no-string-literal */
                        content: data['Name'],
                        margin: {
                            top: 10,
                            left: 10,
                            right: 10,
                            bottom: 0
                        },
                        style: {
                            color: 'black'
                        }
                    }];
                    /* tslint:disable:no-string-literal */
                    nodeModel.style = {
                        fill: '#ffeec7',
                        strokeColor: '#f5d897',
                        strokeWidth: 1
                    };
                }
            }
        }
        //Configrues HierarchicalTree layout
        layout = {
            {
                type: 'HierarchicalTree',
                horizontalSpacing: 15,
                verticalSpacing: 50,
                margin: {
                    top: 10,
                    left: 10,
                    right: 10,
                    bottom: 0
                },
            }
        }
        //Sets the default values of nodes
        getNodeDefaults = {
            (obj: Node, diagram: Diagram) => {
                //Initialize shape
                obj.shape = {
                    type: 'Basic',
                    shape: 'Rectangle'
                };
                obj.style = {
                    strokeWidth: 1
                };
                obj.width = 95;
                obj.height = 30;
            }
        }
        //Sets the default values of connectors
        getConnectorDefaults = {
            (connector: ConnectorModel, diagram: Diagram) => {
                connector.type = 'Orthogonal';
                connector.style.strokeColor = '#4d4d4d';
                connector.targetDecorator.shape = 'None';
            }
        }
        //Disables all interactions except zoom/pan
        tool = {
            DiagramTools.ZoomPan
        }
        snapSettings = {
            {
                constraints: 0
            }
        }
        ><Inject services = {
            [DataBinding, HierarchicalTree]
        }
        />
        </DiagramComponent>,   document.getElementById("diagram") );
        export interface EmployeeInfo {
            Role: string;
            color: string;
        }
        export interface DataInfo {
            [key: string]: string;
        }

Remote data

You can bind the diagram with remote data by using [dataManager].

It uses two different classes: DataManager for processing and Query for serving data. DataManager communicates with data source and Query generates data queries that are read by the dataManager.

To learn more about data manager, refer to Data Manager.

To bind remote data to the diagram,configure the fields of dataSourceSettings. The following code illustrates how to bind remote data to the diagram.

Source
Preview
index.tsx
import * as React from "react";
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import {
    Diagram,
    DiagramComponent,
    NodeModel,
    Node,
    Connector,
    DataBinding,
    HierarchicalTree,
    TreeInfo,
    DiagramTools,
    Inject
} from "@syncfusion/ej2-react-diagrams";
import {
    DataManager,
    Query
} from '@syncfusion/ej2-data';

//Initializes diagram control
ReactDOM.render( <DiagramComponent id = "diagram"
        width = {
            '100%'
        }
        height = {
            490
        }
        //Configrues hierarchical tree layout
        layout = {
            {
                type: 'HierarchicalTree',
                margin: {
                    left: 0,
                    right: 0,
                    top: 100,
                    bottom: 0
                },
                verticalSpacing: 40,
                getLayoutInfo: (node: Node, options: TreeInfo) => {
                    if (options.level === 3) {
                        node.style.fill = '#3c418d';
                    }
                    if (options.level === 2) {
                        node.style.fill = '#108d8d';
                        options.type = 'Center';
                        options.orientation = 'Horizontal';
                    }
                    if (options.level === 1) {
                        node.style.fill = '#822b86';
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        //Sets the default values of nodes
        getNodeDefaults = {
            (obj: Node) => {
                obj.width = 80;
                obj.height = 40;
                //Initialize shape
                obj.shape = {
                    type: 'Basic',
                    shape: 'Rectangle'
                };
                obj.style = {
                    fill: '#048785',
                    strokeColor: 'Transparent'
                };
            }
        }
        //Sets the default values of connector
        getConnectorDefaults = {
            (connector: Connector) => {
                connector.type = 'Orthogonal';
                connector.style.strokeColor = '#048785';
                connector.targetDecorator.shape = 'None';
            }
        }
        //Configures data source
        dataSourceSettings = {
            {
                id: 'EmployeeID',
                parentId: 'ReportsTo',
                dataManager: new DataManager({
                        url: 'http://mvc.syncfusion.com/Services/Northwnd.svc/',
                        crossDomain: true
                    },
                    new Query().from('Employees').select('EmployeeID,ReportsTo,FirstName').take(9),
                ),
                //binds the external data with node
                doBinding: (nodeModel: NodeModel, data: DataInfo, diagram: Diagram) => {
                    nodeModel.annotations = [{
                        /* tslint:disable:no-string-literal */
                        content: data['FirstName'],
                        style: {
                            color: 'white'
                        }
                    }];
                }
            }
        }
        //Disables all interactions except zoom/pan
        tool = {
            DiagramTools.ZoomPan
        }
        snapSettings = {
            {
                constraints: 0
            }
        }
        ><Inject services = {
            [DataBinding, HierarchicalTree]
        }
        />
        </DiagramComponent>,   document.getElementById("diagram") );
        export interface DataInfo {
            [key: string]: string;
            }

CRUD

This feature allows you to read the data source and perform add or edit or delete the data in data source at runtime.

Read DataSource

  • This feature allows you to define the nodes and connectors collection in the data source and connectionDataSource respectively.

  • You can set the data collection in the model’s dataSourceSettings dataManager property. The nodes will be generated based on the data specified in the data source.

  • You can set the connector collection in the model’s dataSourceSettings connectionDataSource property.

  • The dataSourceSettings connectionDataSource dataManager property is used to set the data source for the connection data source items.

  • If you have a data (data will be set in the dataSource property) with parent relationship in the database and also defined the connector in the connectionDataSource simultaneously, then the connectors set in the connectionDataSource will be considered as a priority to render the connector.

  • The dataSourceSettings crudAction’s read property specifies the method, which is used to read the data source and its populate the nodes in the diagram.

  • The connectionDataSource crudAction’s read specifies the method, which is used to read the data source and its populates the connectors in the diagram.

  • The dataSourceSettings’s id and connectionDataSource’s id properties are used to define the unique field of each JSON data.

  • The connectionDataSource’s sourceID and targetID properties are used to set the sourceID and targetID for connection data source item.

  • The connectionDataSource’s sourcePointX, sourcePointY, targetPointX, and targetPointY properties are used to define the sourcePoint and targetPoint values for connector from data source.

  • The dataSourceSettings crudAction’s customFields property is used to maintain the additional information for nodes.

  • Similarly, connectionDataSource’s crudAction’s customFields is used to maintain the additional information for connectors.

How to perform Editing at runtime

  • The dataSourceSettings crudAction object allows you to define the method, which is used to get the changes done in the data source defined for shapes from the client-side to the server-side.

  • Similarly, the connectionDataSource crudAction object allows you to define the method, which is used to get the changes done in the data source defined for connectors from the client-side to the server-side.

InsertData

  • The dataSourceSettings crudAction’s create property specifies the method, which is used to get the nodes added from the client-side to the server-side.

  • The connectionDataSource crudAction’s create specifies the method, which is used to get the connectors added from the client-side to the server-side.

  • The following code example illustrates how to send the newly added or inserted data from the client to server-side.

import * as React from "react";
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import {
    Diagram,
    DiagramComponent,
    Inject,
    DataBinding
} from "@syncfusion/ej2-react-diagrams";

ReactDOM.render( <DiagramComponent id = "diagram"
        // diagram instance for an diagram
        ref={diagram => (diagramInstance = diagram)}
        width = {
            '100%'
        }
        height = {
            '550px'
        }
        //Configures data source for diagram
        dataSourceSettings = {
        {
         crudAction: {
          //Url which triggers the server side AddNodes method
           create: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/development/web-services/api/Crud/AddNodes',
         },
         connectionDataSource: {
           crudAction: {
              //Url which triggers the server side AddConnectors method
              create: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/development/web-services/api/Crud/AddConnectors',
           }
          }
        }
        ><Inject services = {[DataBinding]}/>
        </DiagramComponent>, document.getElementById("diagram") );

       //Sends the inserted nodes/connectors from client side to the server side through the URL which is specified in server side.
        diagramInstance.insertData();

UpdateData

  • The dataSourceSettings crudAction’s update property specifies the method, which is used to get the modified nodes from the client-side to the server-side.

  • The connectionDataSource crudAction’s update specifies the method, which is used to get the modified connectors from the client-side to the server-side.

  • The following code example illustrates how to send the updated data from the client to the server side.

import * as React from "react";
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import {
    Diagram,
    DiagramComponent,
    Inject,
    DataBinding
} from "@syncfusion/ej2-react-diagrams";

ReactDOM.render( <DiagramComponent id = "diagram"
        // diagram instance for an diagram
        ref={diagram => (diagramInstance = diagram)}
        width = {
            '100%'
        }
        height = {
            '550px'
        }
        //Configures data source for diagram
        dataSourceSettings = {
        {
         crudAction: {
           //Url which triggers the server side UpdateNodes method
           update: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/development/web-services/api/Crud/UpdateNodes',
         },
         connectionDataSource: {
           crudAction: {
             //Url which triggers the server side UpdateConnectors method
              update: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/development/web-services/api/Crud/UpdateConnectors',
           }
          }
        }
        ><Inject services = {[DataBinding]}/>
        </DiagramComponent>, document.getElementById("diagram") );

       //Sends the updated nodes/connectors from client side to the server side through the URL which is specified in server side.
        diagramInstance.updateData();

DeleteData

  • The dataSourceSettings crudAction’s destroy property specifies the method, which is used to get the deleted nodes from the client-side to the server-side.

  • The connectionDataSource crudAction’s destroy specifies the method, which is used to get the deleted connectors from the client-side to the server-side.

import * as React from "react";
import * as ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import {
    Diagram,
    DiagramComponent,
    Inject,
    DataBinding
} from "@syncfusion/ej2-react-diagrams";

ReactDOM.render( <DiagramComponent id = "diagram"
        // diagram instance for an diagram
        ref={diagram => (diagramInstance = diagram)}
        width = {
            '100%'
        }
        height = {
            '550px'
        }
        //Configures data source for diagram
        dataSourceSettings = {
        {
          crudAction: {
               //Url which triggers the server side DeleteNodes method
                destroy: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/development/web-services/api/Crud/DeleteNodes',
           },
           connectionDataSource: {
               crudAction: {
                //Url which triggers the server side DeleteConnectors method
                destroy: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/development/web-services/api/Crud/DeleteConnectors',
                }
            }
          }
        }
        ><Inject services = {[DataBinding]}/>
        </DiagramComponent>, document.getElementById("diagram") );

        //Sends the deleted nodes/connectors from client side to the server side through the URL which is specified in server side.
        diagramInstance.removeData();

See Also