Check box selection in EJ2 JavaScript Grid control

13 Apr 202316 minutes to read

Checkbox selection provides an option to select multiple grid records with help of checkbox in each row.

To render the checkbox in each grid row, you need to use checkbox column with type as checkbox using the column type property.

var grid = new ej.grids.Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    columns: [
        { type: 'checkbox' },
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120 },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 150 },
        { field: 'ShipCity', headerText: 'Ship City', width: 150 },
        { field: 'ShipName', headerText: 'Ship Name', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 315
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control">
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion">
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-notifications/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">

    
    
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    .empImage {
        margin: 6px 16px;
        float: left;
        width: 50px;
        height: 50px;
    }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/dist/ej2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    
    <div id="container">
        <div id="Grid"></div>
    </div>

<script>
var ele = document.getElementById('container');
if(ele) {
  ele.style.visibility = "visible";
}   
      </script>
<script src="index.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</body></html>

  • By default, selection is allowed by clicking a grid row or checkbox in that row. To allow selection only through checkbox, you can set the
    selectionSettings.checkboxOnly property to true.
  • Selection can be persisted in all the operations using the selectionSettings.persistSelection property. For persisting selection on the grid, any one of the columns should be defined as a primary key using the columns.isPrimaryKey property.

Checkbox selection mode

In checkbox selection, selection can also be done by clicking on rows. This selection provides two types of Checkbox Selection mode which can be set by using the following API, selectionSettings.checkboxMode. The modes are;

  • Default: This is the default value of the checkboxMode. In this mode, user can select multiple rows by clicking rows one by one.
  • ResetOnRowClick: In ResetOnRowClick mode, when user clicks on a row it will reset previously selected row. Also you can perform multiple-selection in this mode by press
    and hold CTRL key and click the desired rows. To select range of rows, press and hold the SHIFT key and click the rows.
var grid = new ej.grids.Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    selectionSettings: {checkboxMode: 'ResetOnRowClick'},
    columns: [
        { type: 'checkbox', width: 50 },
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, type: 'number' },
        { field: 'CustomerID', width: 140, headerText: 'Customer ID', type: 'string' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', width: 140, headerText: 'Ship Country', visible: false },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C' },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', width: 140, format: 'yMd', textAlign: 'Right' }
    ],
    height: 315
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control">
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion">
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-notifications/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">

    
    
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    .empImage {
        margin: 6px 16px;
        float: left;
        width: 50px;
        height: 50px;
    }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/dist/ej2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    
    <div id="container">
        <div id="Grid"></div>
    </div>

<script>
var ele = document.getElementById('container');
if(ele) {
  ele.style.visibility = "visible";
}   
      </script>
<script src="index.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</body></html>

Prevent specific rows from being selected in checkbox selection

You can prevent specific rows from being selected in the checkbox selection mode by hiding the checkboxes using the rowDataBound event. You achieve this by setting the isSelectable argument as false in the rowDataBound event based on certain conditions as per the needs of the application.

In the following sample, the selection of specific rows has been prevented based on the isSelectable argument in the rowDataBound event.

var grid = new ej.grids.Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    selectionSettings: { persistSelection: true },
    allowFiltering: true,
    filterSettings: { type: 'CheckBox' },
    pageSettings: { pageSize: 20 },
    editSettings: {
        allowEditing: true,
        allowAdding: true,
        allowDeleting: true,
        mode: 'Normal',
    },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel', 'Search'],
    height: 400,
    columns: [
        { type: 'checkbox', width: 120 },
        { field: 'List', headerText: 'List',  width: 120 },
        { field: 'OrderID', isPrimaryKey: true, headerText: 'Order ID',  width: 150 },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'CustomerID',  width: 150 },
        { field: 'EmployeeID', headerText: 'Employee ID', width: 150 },
        { field: 'ShipCity', headerText: 'Ship City', width: 150 }
    ]
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

grid.rowDataBound = function(args) {
    args.isSelectable = args.data.List % 5 === 0; 
}

for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
    data[i]['List'] = i + 1;
}
<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control">
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion">
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-richtexteditor/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-notifications/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">

    
    
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    .empImage {
        margin: 6px 16px;
        float: left;
        width: 50px;
        height: 50px;
    }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/dist/ej2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    
    <div id="container">
        <div id="Grid"></div>
    </div>

<script>
var ele = document.getElementById('container');
if(ele) {
  ele.style.visibility = "visible";
}   
      </script>
<script src="index.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</body></html>