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Disable editing for a particular row/cell

You can disable the editing for a particular row by using the actionBegin event of Grid based on requestType as beginEdit.

In the below demo, the rows which are having the value for ShipCountry column as “France” is prevented from editing.

Source
Preview
index.js
index.html
ej.grids.Grid.Inject(ej.grids.Edit, ej.grids.Toolbar);
var grid = new ej.grids.Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    actionComplete: function(args) {
        if (args.requestType === 'beginEdit' || args.requestType === 'add') {
            var tr = args.row;
            var numericTextBox = tr.querySelector('.e-numerictextbox'); // numeric TextBox component element
            if (numericTextBox) {
                console.log('NumericTextBox instance: ', (numericTextBox).ej2_instances[0]); // numeric TextBox instance
            }
            var dropDownList = tr.querySelector('.e-dropdownlist'); // dropDownList component element
            if (dropDownList) {
                console.log('DropDownList instance: ', (dropDownList).ej2_instances[0]); // dropDownList instance
            }
        }
    },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control">
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion">
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    
    
    
    
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/dist/ej2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    
    <div id="container">
        <div id="Grid"></div>        
    </div>

<script>
var ele = document.getElementById('container');
if(ele) {
    ele.style.visibility = "visible";
 }   
        </script>
<script src="index.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</body></html>

For batch mode of editing, you can use cellEdit event of Grid. In the below demo, the cells which are having the value as “France” is prevented from editing.

Source
Preview
index.js
index.html
ej.grids.Grid.Inject(ej.grids.Edit, ej.grids.Toolbar);
var grid = new ej.grids.Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    actionComplete: function(args) {
        if (args.requestType === 'beginEdit' || args.requestType === 'add') {
            var tr = args.row;
            var numericTextBox = tr.querySelector('.e-numerictextbox'); // numeric TextBox component element
            if (numericTextBox) {
                console.log('NumericTextBox instance: ', (numericTextBox).ej2_instances[0]); // numeric TextBox instance
            }
            var dropDownList = tr.querySelector('.e-dropdownlist'); // dropDownList component element
            if (dropDownList) {
                console.log('DropDownList instance: ', (dropDownList).ej2_instances[0]); // dropDownList instance
            }
        }
    },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', editType: 'numericedit', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    height: 273
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control">
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion">
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet">
    
    
    
    
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/dist/ej2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>
<body>
    
    <div id="container">
        <div id="Grid"></div>        
    </div>

<script>
var ele = document.getElementById('container');
if(ele) {
    ele.style.visibility = "visible";
 }   
        </script>
<script src="index.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</body></html>