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Row Selection in JavaScript TreeGrid control

25 Jan 2023 / 3 minutes to read

Select row at initial rendering

To select a row at initial rendering, set the selectedRowIndex value.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
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import { TreeGrid } from '@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid';
import { sampleData } from './datasource.ts';

let treeGridObj: TreeGrid = new TreeGrid({
    dataSource: sampleData,
    childMapping: 'subtasks',
    height: 270,
    treeColumnIndex: 1,
    selectionSettings: { type: 'Multiple', mode: 'Both' },
    selectedRowIndex: 1,
    columns: [
        { field: 'taskID', headerText: 'Task ID', width: 90, textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'taskName', headerText: 'Task Name', width: 150 },
        { field: 'duration', headerText: 'Duration', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'progress', headerText: 'progress', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' }
    ]
});

treeGridObj.appendTo('#TreeGrid');
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
            
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='TreeGrid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Get selected row indexes

You can get the selected row indexes by using the getSelectedRowIndexes method.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
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import { TreeGrid } from '@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid';
import { RowSelectEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { sampleData } from './datasource.ts';

let treeGridObj: TreeGrid = new TreeGrid({
    dataSource: sampleData,
    childMapping: 'subtasks',
    height: 270,
    treeColumnIndex: 1,
    selectionSettings: {type: 'Multiple'},
    rowSelected: rowSelected
    columns: [
        { field: 'taskID', headerText: 'Task ID', width: 90, textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'taskName', headerText: 'Task Name', width: 150 },
        { field: 'duration', headerText: 'Duration', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'progress', headerText: 'progress', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' }
    ]
});

treeGridObj.appendTo('#TreeGrid');

function rowSelected(args: RowSelectEventArgs) {
    let selectedrowindex: number[] = treeGridObj.getSelectedRowIndexes();  // get the selected row indexes.
    alert(selectedrowindex); // to alert the selected row indexes.
    let selectedrecords: Object[] = treeGridObj.getSelectedRecords();  // get the selected records.
}
Copied to clipboard
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
            
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='TreeGrid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Multiple selection based on condition

You can select multiple treegrid rows based on condition by using the selectRows method.

In the following code, the rows which contains taskID value as 3 and 5 are selected at initial rendering.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
Copied to clipboard
import { TreeGrid, Row, Column } from '@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid';
import { sampleData } from './datasource.ts';


let treeGridObj: TreeGrid = new TreeGrid({
    dataSource: sampleData,
    childMapping: 'subtasks',
    height: 270,
    treeColumnIndex: 1,
    selectionSettings: {type: 'Multiple'},
    dataBound: ()=>{
        let rowIndexes : number[]=[];
        treeGridObj.grid.dataSource.forEach((data,index)=>{
            if (data.taskID === 3 || data.taskID === 5){
                rowIndexes.push(index);
            }
        });
        treeGridObj.selectRows(rowIndexes);
     },
    columns: [
        { field: 'taskID', headerText: 'Task ID', width: 90, textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'taskName', headerText: 'Task Name', width: 150 },
        { field: 'duration', headerText: 'Duration', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' },
        { field: 'progress', headerText: 'progress', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' }
    ]
});

treeGridObj.appendTo('#TreeGrid');
Copied to clipboard
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
            
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='TreeGrid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Toggle selection

The Toggle selection allows to perform selection and unselection of the particular row or cell. To enable toggle selection, set enableToggle property of the selectionSettings as true. If you click on the selected row or cell then it will be unselected and vice versa.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
Copied to clipboard
import { TreeGrid } from '@syncfusion/ej2-treegrid';
import { sampleData } from './datasource.ts';

let treeGridObj: TreeGrid = new TreeGrid({
    dataSource: sampleData,
    childMapping: 'subtasks',
    height: 270,
    treeColumnIndex: 1,
    selectionSettings: {enableToggle: true},
    columns: [
            { field: 'taskID', headerText: 'Task ID', width: 90, textAlign: 'Right' },
            { field: 'taskName', headerText: 'Task Name', width: 180 },
            { field: 'duration', headerText: 'Duration', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' },
            { field: 'progress', headerText: 'progress', width: 80, textAlign: 'Right' }
    ]
});

treeGridObj.appendTo('#TreeGrid');
Copied to clipboard
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
            
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-treegrid/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.4.38/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='TreeGrid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

If multi selection is enabled, then first click on any selected row (without pressing Ctrl key), it will clear the multi selection and in second click on the same row, it will be unselected.