Accessibility in EJ2 TypeScript Timepicker control

24 Jan 20247 minutes to read

The TimePicker component followed the accessibility guidelines and standards, including ADA, Section 508, WCAG 2.2 standards, and WCAG roles that are commonly used to evaluate accessibility.

The accessibility compliance for the TimePicker component is outlined below.

Accessibility Criteria Compatibility
WCAG 2.2 Support Yes
Section 508 Support Yes
Screen Reader Support Yes
Right-To-Left Support Yes
Color Contrast Yes
Mobile Device Support Yes
Keyboard Navigation Support Yes
Accessibility Checker Validation Yes
Axe-core Accessibility Validation Yes
Yes - All features of the component meet the requirement.
Intermediate - Some features of the component do not meet the requirement.
No - The component does not meet the requirement.

WAI-ARIA attributes

The web accessibility makes web applications and its content more accessible to people with disabilities without any barriers. It especially
it tracks the dynamic value changes and DOM changes.

The TimePicker component has covered the WAI-ARIA specifications with the following list of WAI-ARIA
attributes: aria-haspopup, aria-selected, aria-disabled, aria-activedescendant, aria-expanded, aria-owns, and aria-autocomplete.

Here in TimePicker, the combobox plays the role of input element, and the listbox plays the role of popup element.

  • Aria-haspopup: Provides the information about whether this element display a pop-up window or not.

  • Aria-selected: Indicates the current selected value of the TimePicker component.

  • Aria-disabled: Indicates disabled state of the TimePicker component.

  • Aria-expanded: Indicates the expanded state of the popup.

  • Aria-autocomplete: Indicates whether user input completion suggestions are provided or not.

  • Aria-owns: Attribute that creates a parent/child relationship between two DOM element in the accessibility layer.

  • Aria-activedescendent: Attribute that helps in managing the current active child of the TimePicker component.

  • Role: Attribute that gives assistive technology information for handling each element in a widget.

Keyboard Interaction

Keyboard accessibility is one of the most important aspects of web accessibility. Disabled people like blind and those who have motor disabilities or birth defects use keyboard shortcuts more than the mouse.

The TimePicker component has built-in keyboard accessibility support by following the WAI-ARIA practices.

It supports the following list of shortcut keys to interact with the TimePicker control.

Press To do this
Upper Arrow Navigate and select the previous item.
Down Arrow Navigate and select the next item.
Left Arrow Move the cursor towards arrow key pressed direction.
Right Arrow Move the cursor towards arrow key pressed direction.
Home Navigate and select the first item.
End Navigate and select the last item.
Enter Select the currently focused item and close the popup.
Alt + Upper Arrow Close the popup.
Alt + Down Arrow Open the popup.
Esc Close the popup.

In the below sample use the alt+t keys to focus the TimePicker component.

import { TimePicker } from '@syncfusion/ej2-calendars';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

//enable ripple style
enableRipple(true);

// creates the simple timepicker component
let timeObject: TimePicker = new TimePicker({
    placeholder:'Select Time'
});
timeObject.appendTo('#element');

document.onkeyup = function (e) {
    if (e.altKey && e.keyCode === 84 /* t */) {
        // press alt+t to focus the component by calling public method.
        timeObject.focusIn();
    }
};
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 TimePicker control</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript UI Controls" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <!--style reference from the TimePicker component-->
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/24.2.3/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="style.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/syncfusion-helper.js" type ="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <input id='element' type="text" />
    </div>
</body>

</html>

Ensuring accessibility

The TimePicker component’s accessibility levels are ensured through an accessibility-checker and axe-core software tools during automated testing.

The accessibility compliance of the TimePicker component is shown in the following sample. Open the sample in a new window to evaluate the accessibility of the TimePicker component with accessibility tools.

See also