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Getting started with JavaScript Tabs control

This section briefly explains about how to create a simple Tab using TypeScript and configure the Tab header content using Essential JS 2 quickstart seed repository.

Dependencies

The following is the list of dependencies required to use the Tab component in your application.

|-- @syncfusion/ej2-navigations
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-base
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-buttons
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-popups

Installation and configuration

  • Clone the Essential JS 2 quickstart application project from GitHub and install necessary npm packages using the following command.
git clone https://github.com/syncfusion/ej2-quickstart.git quickstart
cd quickstart
npm install

By default, the project is configured with all the Essential JS 2 dependencies. For better understanding, remove all the dependencies from src/system.config.js to get started with the Tab component.

[src/system.config.js]

System.config({
    paths: {
        'syncfusion:': './node_modules/@syncfusion/',
    },
    map: {
        app: 'app',

        //Syncfusion packages mapping
        "@syncfusion/ej2-base": "syncfusion:ej2-base/dist/ej2-base.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-buttons": "syncfusion:ej2-buttons/dist/ej2-buttons.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-data": "syncfusion:ej2-data/dist/ej2-data.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-inputs": "syncfusion:ej2-inputs/dist/ej2-inputs.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-lists": "syncfusion:ej2-lists/dist/ej2-lists.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-navigations": "syncfusion:ej2-navigations/dist/ej2-navigations.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-popups": "syncfusion:ej2-popups/dist/ej2-popups.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons": "syncfusion:ej2-splitbuttons/dist/ej2-splitbuttons.umd.min.js"
    },
    packages: {
        'app': { main: 'app', defaultExtension: 'js' }
    }
});

System.import('app');
  • The Tab CSS files are available in the ej2-navigations package folder. This can be referenced in your application using the following code.

[src/styles/styles.css]

@import '../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css';
@import '../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css';
@import '../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css';
@import '../../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css';

Initialize the Tab using JSON items collection

The Tab can be rendered by defining a JSON array. The item is rendered with header text and content for each Tab using items property.

  • Add the HTML div tag with its id attribute as element in your index.html file to initialize the Tab.

[src/index.html]

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 Tab</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="resources/favicon.ico" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--style reference from app-->
    <link href="/styles/styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--system js reference and configuration-->
    <script src="node_modules/systemjs/dist/system.src.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="system.config.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div style="margin: 50px;">
        <!--element which is going to render-->
        <div id="element">
    </div>

</body>

</html>
  • Import the Tab component to your app.ts file and initialize it to the #element as shown below.

[src/app/app.ts]

import { Tab } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';

let tabObj: Tab = new Tab({
    items: [
        {
            header: { 'text': 'Twitter' },
            content: 'Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140-character ' +
            'messages called "tweets". Registered users can read and post tweets, but those who are unregistered can only read ' +
            'them. Users access Twitter through the website interface, SMS or mobile device app Twitter Inc. is based in San ' +
            'Francisco and has more than 25 offices around the world. Twitter was created in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, ' +
            'Evan Williams, Biz Stone, and Noah Glass and launched in July 2006. The service rapidly gained worldwide popularity, ' +
            'with more than 100 million users posting 340 million tweets a day in 2012.The service also handled 1.6 billion ' +
            'search queries per day.'
        },
        {
            header: { 'text': 'Facebook' },
            content: 'Facebook is an online social networking service headquartered in Menlo Park, California. Its website was ' +
            'launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg with his Harvard College roommates and fellow students Eduardo ' +
            'Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.The founders had initially limited the website\'\s ' +
            'membership to Harvard students, but later expanded it to colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford ' +
            'University. It gradually added support for students at various other universities and later to high-school students.'
        },
        {
            header: { 'text': 'WhatsApp' },
            content: 'WhatsApp Messenger is a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging client for smartphones that operates ' +
            'under a subscription business model. It uses the Internet to send text messages, images, video, user location and ' +
            'audio media messages to other users using standard cellular mobile numbers. As of February 2016, WhatsApp had a user ' +
            'base of up to one billion,[10] making it the most globally popular messaging application. WhatsApp Inc., based in ' +
            'Mountain View, California, was acquired by Facebook Inc. on February 19, 2014, for approximately US$19.3 billion.'
        }
    ]
});
tabObj.appendTo('#element');
  • Run the application in the browser using the following command.
npm start

Output will be as follows:

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
import { Tab } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
let tabObj: Tab = new Tab({
    items: [
        {
            header: { 'text': 'Twitter' },
            content: 'Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140-character ' +
            'messages called "tweets". Registered users can read and post tweets, but those who are unregistered can only read ' +
            'them. Users access Twitter through the website interface, SMS or mobile device app Twitter Inc. is based in San ' +
            'Francisco and has more than 25 offices around the world. Twitter was created in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, ' +
            'Evan Williams, Biz Stone, and Noah Glass and launched in July 2006. The service rapidly gained worldwide popularity, ' +
            'with more than 100 million users posting 340 million tweets a day in 2012.The service also handled 1.6 billion ' +
            'search queries per day.'
        },
        {
            header: { 'text': 'Facebook' },
            content: 'Facebook is an online social networking service headquartered in Menlo Park, California. Its website was ' +
            'launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg with his Harvard College roommates and fellow students Eduardo ' +
            'Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.The founders had initially limited the website\'\s ' +
            'membership to Harvard students, but later expanded it to colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford ' +
            'University. It gradually added support for students at various other universities and later to high-school students.'
        },
        {
            header: { 'text': 'WhatsApp' },
            content: 'WhatsApp Messenger is a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging client for smartphones that operates ' +
            'under a subscription business model. It uses the Internet to send text messages, images, video, user location and ' +
            'audio media messages to other users using standard cellular mobile numbers. As of February 2016, WhatsApp had a user ' +
            'base of up to one billion,[10] making it the most globally popular messaging application. WhatsApp Inc., based in ' +
            'Mountain View, California, was acquired by Facebook Inc. on February 19, 2014, for approximately US$19.3 billion.'
        }
    ]
});
tabObj.appendTo('#element');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 Tab</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 Tab" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='element'></div>
        <br/><br/>
        <div id='result'></div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

In the above sample code, #element is the id of the HTML element in a page to which the Tab is initialized.

Initialize the Tab using HTML elements

The Tab component can be rendered based on the given HTML element using id as target. Header section must be enclosed with in a wrapper element using e-tab-header class and corresponding content must be mapped with e-content class. You need to follow the below structure of HTML elements to render the Tab,

  <div id='tab_html_markup'>   --> Root Tab element
    <div class="e-tab-header">      --> Tab header
       <div>   --> Header Item
       </div>
    </div>
    <div class="e-content">      --> Tab content
       <div>   --> Content Item
       </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  • Add the HTML template data with its id attribute and add it in your index.html file to initialize the Tab.

[src/index.html]

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 Tab</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="resources/favicon.ico" />
    <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--style reference from app-->
    <link href="/styles/styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--system js reference and configuration-->
    <script src="node_modules/systemjs/dist/system.src.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="system.config.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div style="margin: 50px;">
        <!--element which is going to render-->
        <div id="tab_html_markup">
            <div class="e-tab-header">
                <div>Twitter </div>
                <div>Facebook </div>
                <div>WhatsApp </div>
            </div>
            <div class="e-content">
                <div>
                        Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140-character messages called 'tweets'. Registered users can read and post tweets, but those who are unregistered can only read them. Users access Twitter through the website interface, SMS or mobile device app Twitter Inc. is based in San Francisco and has more than 25 offices around the world. Twitter was created in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone, and Noah Glass and launched in July 2006. The service rapidly gained worldwide popularity, with more than 100 million users posting 340 million tweets a day in 2012.The service also handled 1.6 billion search queries per day.
                </div>
                <div>
                        Facebook is an online social networking service headquartered in Menlo Park, California. Its website was launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg with his Harvard College roommates and fellow students Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.The founders had initially limited the website's membership to Harvard students, but later expanded it to colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University. It gradually added support for students at various other universities and later to high-school students.
                </div>
                <div>
                        WhatsApp Messenger is a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging client for smartphones that operates under a subscription business model. It uses the Internet to send text messages, images, video, user location and audio media messages to other users using standard cellular mobile numbers. As of February 2016, WhatsApp had a user base of up to one billion,[10] making it the most globally popular messaging application. WhatsApp Inc., based in Mountain View, California, was acquired by Facebook Inc. on February 19, 2014, for approximately US$19.3 billion.
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>
  • Import the tab component to your app.ts file and initialize it to the element #tab_html_markup as shown below.

[src/app/app.ts]

import { Tab } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';

let tab: Tab;
tab = new Tab();
tab.appendTo('#tab_html_markup');
Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
index.css
import { Tab } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';

let tab: Tab;
tab = new Tab();
tab.appendTo('#tab_html_markup');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 Tab</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 Tab" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />    
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='tab_html_markup'>
            <div class="e-tab-header">
                <div> Twitter </div>
                <div> Facebook </div>
                <div> WhatsApp </div>
            </div>
            <div class="e-content">
                <div>
                        Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140-character messages called 'tweets'. Registered users can read and post tweets, but those who are unregistered can only read them. Users access Twitter through the website interface, SMS or mobile device app Twitter Inc. is based in San Francisco and has more than 25 offices around the world. Twitter was created in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone, and Noah Glass and launched in July 2006. The service rapidly gained worldwide popularity, with more than 100 million users posting 340 million tweets a day in 2012.The service also handled 1.6 billion search queries per day.
                </div>
                <div>
                        Facebook is an online social networking service headquartered in Menlo Park, California. Its website was launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg with his Harvard College roommates and fellow students Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.The founders had initially limited the website's membership to Harvard students, but later expanded it to colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University. It gradually added support for students at various other universities and later to high-school students.
                </div>
                <div>
                        WhatsApp Messenger is a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging client for smartphones that operates under a subscription business model. It uses the Internet to send text messages, images, video, user location and audio media messages to other users using standard cellular mobile numbers. As of February 2016, WhatsApp had a user base of up to one billion,[10] making it the most globally popular messaging application. WhatsApp Inc., based in Mountain View, California, was acquired by Facebook Inc. on February 19, 2014, for approximately US$19.3 billion.
                </div>
            </div>        
        </div>
        <br/><br/>
        <div id='result'></div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>
#container {
    visibility: hidden;
}

#loader {
    color: #008cff;
    height: 40px;
    left: 45%;
    position: absolute;
    top: 45%;
    width: 30%;
}
.e-content .e-item {
    font-size: 12px;
    margin: 10px;
    text-align: justify;
}
.container {
    min-width: 350px;
    max-width: 500px;
    margin: 0 auto;
}
.e-tab .e-tab-icon {
    font-family: 'e-icons-sample';
    color: #6d6d6d;
}
.e-tab .e-tab-icon {
    position: relative;
    top: 2px;
}
.e-twitter:before {
    content: '\e700';
}
.e-facebook:before {
    content: '\e70a';
}
.e-whatsapp:before {
    content: '\e704';
}

See Also