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Worksheet in JavaScript Spreadsheet control

Worksheet is a collection of cells organized in the form of rows and columns that allows you to store, format, and manipulate the data.

Add sheet

You can dynamically add or insert a sheet by one of the following ways,

  • Click the Add Sheet button in the sheet tab. This will add a new empty sheet next to current active sheet.
  • Right-click on the sheet tab, and then select Insert option from the context menu to insert a new empty sheet before the current active sheet.
  • Using insertSheet method, you can insert one or more sheets at your desired index.

The following code example shows the insert sheet operation in spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.ts
index.html
datasource.ts
import { Spreadsheet, SheetModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-spreadsheet';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

let sheets: SheetModel[] = [{
    name: 'Price Details',
    ranges: [{ dataSource: data }],
    columns: [{ width: 150 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 },
        { width: 85 }]
}];

let spreadsheet: Spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet({
    sheets: sheets,
    created: (): void => {
        // Applies style formatting to the active sheet before inserting a new sheet
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:H11');
        // inserting a new sheet with data at 1st index
        // You can also insert empty sheets by specifying the start and end sheet index instead of sheet model
        spreadsheet.insertSheet([{
            index: 1,
            name: 'Inserted Sheet',
            ranges: [{ dataSource: data }],
            columns: [{ width: 150 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 },
                { width: 85 }]
        }]);
        // Applies style formatting for the inserted sheet
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'Inserted Sheet!A1:H1');
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'Inserted Sheet!D2:H11');
    },
    // Removed the unwanted support for this samples
    showRibbon: false, showFormulaBar: false
});

spreadsheet.appendTo('#spreadsheet');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
        <title>EJ2 SpreadSheet</title>
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
        <meta name="description" content="Typescript UI Controls" />
        <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
        <link rel="shortcut icon" href="resources/favicon.ico" />
        <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-spreadsheet/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/core-js/2.4.1/shim.min.js"></script>
        <script src="system.config.js"></script>
        <script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <!--Element which is going to render-->
        <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        <div id='container'>
                <div id="spreadsheet"></div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>
/**
 * Insert sheet data source
 */
export let data: Object[] = [
    { 'Item Name': 'Casual Shoes', 'Date': '02/14/2019', 'Time': '11:34:32 AM', 'Quantity': 10, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D2*E2', 'Discount': 1, 'Profit': 10 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sports Shoes', 'Date': '06/11/2019', 'Time': '05:56:32 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 30, 'Amount': '=D3*E3', 'Discount': 5, 'Profit': 50 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Formal Shoes', 'Date': '07/27/2019', 'Time': '03:32:44 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 15, 'Amount': '=D4*E4', 'Discount': 7, 'Profit': 27 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sandals & Floaters', 'Date': '11/21/2019', 'Time': '06:23:54 AM', 'Quantity': 15, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D5*E5', 'Discount': 11, 'Profit': 67 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Flip- Flops & Slippers', 'Date': '06/23/2019', 'Time': '12:43:59 AM', 'Quantity': 30, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D6*E6', 'Discount': 10, 'Profit': 70 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sneakers', 'Date': '07/22/2019', 'Time': '10:55:53 AM', 'Quantity': 40, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D7*E7', 'Discount': 13, 'Profit': 66 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Running Shoes', 'Date': '02/04/2019', 'Time': '03:44:34 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D8*E8', 'Discount': 3, 'Profit': 14 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Loafers', 'Date': '11/30/2019', 'Time': '03:12:52 AM', 'Quantity': 31, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D9*E9', 'Discount': 6, 'Profit': 29 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Cricket Shoes', 'Date': '07/09/2019', 'Time': '11:32:14 AM', 'Quantity': 41, 'Price': 30, 'Amount': '=D10*E10', 'Discount': 12, 'Profit': 166 },
    { 'Item Name': 'T-Shirts', 'Date': '10/31/2019', 'Time': '12:01:44 AM', 'Quantity': 50, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D11*E11', 'Discount': 9, 'Profit': 55 }
];

Delete sheet

The Spreadsheet has support for removing an existing worksheet. You can dynamically delete the existing sheet by the following way,

  • Right-click on the sheet tab, and then select Delete option from context menu.

Rename sheet

You can dynamically rename an existing worksheet in the following way,

  • Right-click on the sheet tab, and then select Rename option from the context menu.

Headers

By default, the row and column headers are visible in worksheets. You can dynamically show or hide worksheet headers by using one of the following ways,

  • Switch to View tab, and then select Hide Headers option to hide both the row and column headers.
  • Set showHeaders property in sheets as true or false to show or hide the headers at initial load. By default, the showHeaders property is enabled in each worksheet.

Gridlines

Gridlines act as a border like appearance of cells. They are used to distinguish cells on the worksheet. You can dynamically show or hide gridlines by using one of the following ways,

  • Switch to View tab, and then select Hide Gridlines option to hide the gridlines in worksheet.
  • Set showGridLines property in sheets as true or false to show or hide the gridlines at initial load. By default, the showGridLines property is enabled in each worksheet.

The following code example shows the headers and gridlines operation in spreadsheet.

Source
Preview
app.ts
index.html
datasource.ts
import { Spreadsheet, SheetModel, ColumnModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-spreadsheet';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

let columns: ColumnModel[] = [{ width: 150 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 },
        { width: 85 }];

let sheets: SheetModel[] = [{
    name: 'Price Details',
    ranges: [{ dataSource: data }],
    columns: columns,
    // Hiding the gridlines in `Price Details` sheet
    showGridLines: false,
    // Hiding the headers in `Price Details` sheet
    showHeaders: false
}];

let spreadsheet: Spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet({
    sheets: sheets,
    created: (): void => {
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:H11');
        // The gridlines have been removed to set border for the range of cells
        spreadsheet.setBorder({ border: '1px solid #e0e0e0' }, 'A1:H11');
    },
    // Removed the unwanted support for this samples
    showFormulaBar: false, showSheetTabs: false
});

spreadsheet.appendTo('#spreadsheet');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
        <title>EJ2 SpreadSheet</title>
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
        <meta name="description" content="Typescript UI Controls" />
        <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
        <link rel="shortcut icon" href="resources/favicon.ico" />
        <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-spreadsheet/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/core-js/2.4.1/shim.min.js"></script>
        <script src="system.config.js"></script>
        <script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <!--Element which is going to render-->
        <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        <div id='container'>
                <div id="spreadsheet"></div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>
/**
 * Show/hide headers and gridlines data source
 */
export let data: Object[] = [
    { 'Item Name': 'Casual Shoes', 'Date': '02/14/2019', 'Time': '11:34:32 AM', 'Quantity': 10, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D2*E2', 'Discount': 1, 'Profit': 10 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sports Shoes', 'Date': '06/11/2019', 'Time': '05:56:32 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 30, 'Amount': '=D3*E3', 'Discount': 5, 'Profit': 50 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Formal Shoes', 'Date': '07/27/2019', 'Time': '03:32:44 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 15, 'Amount': '=D4*E4', 'Discount': 7, 'Profit': 27 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sandals & Floaters', 'Date': '11/21/2019', 'Time': '06:23:54 AM', 'Quantity': 15, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D5*E5', 'Discount': 11, 'Profit': 67 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Flip- Flops & Slippers', 'Date': '06/23/2019', 'Time': '12:43:59 AM', 'Quantity': 30, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D6*E6', 'Discount': 10, 'Profit': 70 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sneakers', 'Date': '07/22/2019', 'Time': '10:55:53 AM', 'Quantity': 40, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D7*E7', 'Discount': 13, 'Profit': 66 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Running Shoes', 'Date': '02/04/2019', 'Time': '03:44:34 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D8*E8', 'Discount': 3, 'Profit': 14 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Loafers', 'Date': '11/30/2019', 'Time': '03:12:52 AM', 'Quantity': 31, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D9*E9', 'Discount': 6, 'Profit': 29 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Cricket Shoes', 'Date': '07/09/2019', 'Time': '11:32:14 AM', 'Quantity': 41, 'Price': 30, 'Amount': '=D10*E10', 'Discount': 12, 'Profit': 166 },
    { 'Item Name': 'T-Shirts', 'Date': '10/31/2019', 'Time': '12:01:44 AM', 'Quantity': 50, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D11*E11', 'Discount': 9, 'Profit': 55 }
];

Sheet visibility

Hiding a worksheet can help prevent unauthorized or accidental changes to your file.

There are three visibility state as like Microsoft Excel,

State Description
Visible You can see the worksheet once the component is loaded.
Hidden This worksheet is not visible, but you can unhide by selecting the sheet from List All Sheets dropdown menu.
VeryHidden This worksheet is not visible and cannot be unhidden. Changing the state property to Visible is the only way to view this sheet.

The following code example shows the three types of sheet visibility state.

Source
Preview
app.ts
index.html
datasource.ts
import { Spreadsheet, SheetModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-spreadsheet';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

enableRipple(true);

let sheets: SheetModel[] = [{
    name: 'Visible Sheet',
    ranges: [{ dataSource: data }],
    columns: [{ width: 150 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 },
        { width: 85 }],
    // By default, state is set as `visible`. We don’t  need to said it in the sample
    state: 'Visible'
},
{
    name: 'Very Hidden Sheet',
    ranges: [{ dataSource: data }],
    columns: [{ width: 150 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 },
        { width: 85 }],
    // Sets sheet state as `VeryHidden`. It can't be unhidden.
    state: 'VeryHidden'
},
{
    name: 'Hidden Sheet',
    ranges: [{ dataSource: data }],
    columns: [{ width: 150 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 110 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 }, { width: 85 },
        { width: 85 }],
    // Sets sheet state as `Hidden`. It can be unhidden dynamically.
    state: 'Hidden'
}];

let spreadsheet: Spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet({
    sheets: sheets,
    created: (): void => {
        // Applies style formatting to active visible sheet
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'A1:H1');
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'D2:H11');
        // Applies style formatting to active hidden sheet
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ fontWeight: 'bold', textAlign: 'center' }, 'Hidden Sheet!A1:H1');
        spreadsheet.cellFormat({ textAlign: 'center' }, 'Hidden Sheet!D2:H11');
    },
    openUrl: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/production/web-services/api/spreadsheet/open',
    saveUrl: 'https://ej2services.syncfusion.com/production/web-services/api/spreadsheet/save',
    // Removed the unwanted support for this samples
    showFormulaBar: false, showRibbon: false
});

spreadsheet.appendTo('#spreadsheet');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
        <title>EJ2 SpreadSheet</title>
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
        <meta name="description" content="Typescript UI Controls" />
        <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
        <link rel="shortcut icon" href="resources/favicon.ico" />
        <link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-spreadsheet/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
        <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/core-js/2.4.1/shim.min.js"></script>
        <script src="system.config.js"></script>
        <script src="es5-datasource.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
        <!--Element which is going to render-->
        <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
        <div id='container'>
                <div id="spreadsheet"></div>
        </div>
</body>

</html>
/**
 * Hide/show sheet data source
 */
export let data: Object[] = [
    { 'Item Name': 'Casual Shoes', 'Date': '02/14/2019', 'Time': '11:34:32 AM', 'Quantity': 10, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D2*E2', 'Discount': 1, 'Profit': 10 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sports Shoes', 'Date': '06/11/2019', 'Time': '05:56:32 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 30, 'Amount': '=D3*E3', 'Discount': 5, 'Profit': 50 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Formal Shoes', 'Date': '07/27/2019', 'Time': '03:32:44 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 15, 'Amount': '=D4*E4', 'Discount': 7, 'Profit': 27 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sandals & Floaters', 'Date': '11/21/2019', 'Time': '06:23:54 AM', 'Quantity': 15, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D5*E5', 'Discount': 11, 'Profit': 67 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Flip- Flops & Slippers', 'Date': '06/23/2019', 'Time': '12:43:59 AM', 'Quantity': 30, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D6*E6', 'Discount': 10, 'Profit': 70 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Sneakers', 'Date': '07/22/2019', 'Time': '10:55:53 AM', 'Quantity': 40, 'Price': 20, 'Amount': '=D7*E7', 'Discount': 13, 'Profit': 66 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Running Shoes', 'Date': '02/04/2019', 'Time': '03:44:34 AM', 'Quantity': 20, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D8*E8', 'Discount': 3, 'Profit': 14 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Loafers', 'Date': '11/30/2019', 'Time': '03:12:52 AM', 'Quantity': 31, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D9*E9', 'Discount': 6, 'Profit': 29 },
    { 'Item Name': 'Cricket Shoes', 'Date': '07/09/2019', 'Time': '11:32:14 AM', 'Quantity': 41, 'Price': 30, 'Amount': '=D10*E10', 'Discount': 12, 'Profit': 166 },
    { 'Item Name': 'T-Shirts', 'Date': '10/31/2019', 'Time': '12:01:44 AM', 'Quantity': 50, 'Price': 10, 'Amount': '=D11*E11', 'Discount': 9, 'Profit': 55 }
];

See Also