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Getting started with JavaScript Menu Bar control

This section explains how to create a simple Menu, and configure its available functionalities in TypeScript using Essential JS 2 quickstart seed repository.

Dependencies

The following list of dependencies are required to use the Menu component in your application.

|-- @syncfusion/ej2-navigations
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-base
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-data
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-lists
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-inputs
    |-- @syncfusion/ej2-popups
        |-- @syncfusion/ej2-buttons

Setup your development environment

To get started with the Menu component, clone Essential JS 2 quickstart, and install the npm packages using the following commands.

git clone https://github.com/syncfusion/ej2-quickstart.git quickstart
cd quickstart
npm install

The project is preconfigured with common settings (src/styles/styles.css, system.config.js) to start all the Essential JS 2 components.

[src/system.config.js]

System.config({
    paths: {
        'npm:': './node_modules/',
        'syncfusion:': 'npm:@syncfusion/'
    },
    map: {
        app: 'app',

        //Syncfusion packages mapping
        "@syncfusion/ej2-base": "syncfusion:ej2-base/dist/ej2-base.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-data": "syncfusion:ej2-data/dist/ej2-data.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-inputs": "syncfusion:ej2-inputs/dist/ej2-inputs.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-buttons": "syncfusion:ej2-buttons/dist/ej2-buttons.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-splitbuttons": "syncfusion:ej2-splitbuttons/dist/ej2-splitbuttons.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-lists": "syncfusion:ej2-lists/dist/ej2-lists.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-popups": "syncfusion:ej2-popups/dist/ej2-popups.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns": "syncfusion:ej2-dropdowns/dist/ej2-dropdowns.umd.min.js",
        "@syncfusion/ej2-navigations": "syncfusion:ej2-navigations/dist/ej2-navigations.umd.min.js",
    },
    packages: {
        'app': { main: 'app', defaultExtension: 'js' }
    }
});

System.import('app.ts').catch(console.error.bind(console)).then(function () {
    document.getElementById('loader').style.display = "none";
    document.getElementById('container').style.visibility = "visible";
});

Add Menu to the project

Add the HTML UL tag with the id attribute as menu to your index.html file.

[src/index.html]

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 - Menu</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2 - Menu" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="resources/favicon.ico" />

    <!--style reference from app-->
    <link href="/styles/styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--system js reference and configuration-->
    <script src="node_modules/systemjs/dist/system.src.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="system.config.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <ul id="menu"></ul>
</body>
</html>

Import the Menu component in your app.ts file and initialize it with the #menu.

[src/app/app.ts]

import { Menu, MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

//Menu items definition
let menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
        items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];

// Initialize Menu component.
let menuObj: Menu = new Menu({ items: menuItems }, '#menu');

Adding Style sheet to the Application

To render Menu component, need to import navigations and its dependent components styles as given below in styles.css.

@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-base/styles/material.css";
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css";
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-popups/styles/material.css";
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-lists/styles/material.css";
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css";
@import "../node_modules/@syncfusion/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css";

Run the application

Run the application in the browser using the following command:

npm start

The following example shows a basic Menu component.

Source
Preview
app.ts
index.html
styles.css
import { Menu, MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

//Menu items definition
let menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
        items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];

// Initialize Menu component.
let menuObj: Menu = new Menu({ items: menuItems }, '#menu');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--style reference from app-->
    <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--system js reference and configuration-->
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div class="control-section">
            <ul id="menu"></ul>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>
body {
    margin-top: 100px;
    text-align: center;
}

#loader {
    color: #008cff;
    height: 40px;
    left: 45%;
    position: absolute;
    top: 45%;
    width: 30%;
  }
  
  #container {
    visibility: hidden;
  }

This example demonstrates the basic rendering of Menu with items support. For more information about data source support, refer to the Data Source Binding section.

Group menu items with separator

The separators are both horizontal and vertical lines used to separate the menu items. You cannot select the separators, but you can enable separators to group the menu items using the separator property. The Open and Save sub menu items are grouped using the separator property in the following sample.

Source
Preview
app.ts
index.html
styles.css
import { Menu, MenuItemModel } from '@syncfusion/ej2-navigations';
import { enableRipple } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';

enableRipple(true);

//Menu items definition
let menuItems: MenuItemModel[] = [
    {
        text: 'File',
        items: [
            { text: 'Open' },
            { text: 'Save' },
            { separator: true },
            { text: 'Exit' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Edit',
        items: [
            { text: 'Cut' },
            { text: 'Copy' },
            { text: 'Paste' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'View',
        items: [
            { text: 'Toolbar' },
            { text: 'Sidebar' },
            { text: 'Full Screen' }
        ]
    },
    {
        text: 'Tools',
         items: [
            { text: 'Spelling & Grammar' },
            { text: 'Customize' },
            { text: 'Options' }
        ]
    },
    { text: 'Go' },
    { text: 'Help' }
];

// Initialize Menu component.
let menuObj: Menu = new Menu({ items: menuItems }, '#menu');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
    <meta name="description" content="Essential JS 2" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--style reference from app-->
    <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />

    <!--system js reference and configuration-->
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div class="control-section">
            <ul id="menu"></ul>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>
body {
    margin-top: 100px;
    text-align: center;
}

#loader {
    color: #008cff;
    height: 40px;
    left: 45%;
    position: absolute;
    top: 45%;
    width: 30%;
  }
  
  #container {
    visibility: hidden;
  }

The separator property should not be given along with the other fields in the MenuItem. You can also enable the separator to group horizontal menu items.

See Also