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Enable editing in single click in JavaScript Grid control

22 Oct 2021 / 4 minutes to read

Normal Editing

You can make a row editable on a single click with Normal mode of editing in Grid, by using the startEdit and endEdit methods.

Bind the mouseup event for Grid and in the event handler call the startEdit and endEdit, based on the clicked target element.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
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import { Grid, Edit, IGrid, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { MouseEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150 }
    ],
    load: () => {
        let instance: IGrid = document.getElementById('Grid').ej2_instances[0];
        instance.element.addEventListener('mouseup', (e: MouseEventArgs) => {
            if (e.target.classList.contains("e-rowcell")) {
            if (instance.isEdit)
                instance.endEdit();
                let index: number = parseInt(e.target.getAttribute("Index"));
                instance.selectRow(index);
                instance.startEdit();
            }
        })
    }
    height: 220
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Open dropdown edit popup on single click

You can open the default dropdown edit popup with single click edit by focusing the dropdown element and calling the EJ2 dropdown list’s showPopup method in the Grid’s actionComplete event. In this demo we have used a global flag variable in the ‘mouseup’ event to ensure if the dropdown column is the clicked edit target.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
Copied to clipboard
import { Grid, Edit, IGrid, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { MouseEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let isDropdown = false;

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', editType: 'dropdownedit', width: 150 }
    ],
    actionComplete: onActionComplete,
    load: () => {
        let instance: IGrid = document.getElementById('Grid').ej2_instances[0];
        instance.element.addEventListener('mouseup', (e: MouseEventArgs) => {
            if (e.target.classList.contains("e-rowcell")) {
              if (instance.isEdit)
                  instance.endEdit();
              let rowInfo = instance.getRowInfo(e.target);
              if (rowInfo.column.field === "ShipCountry")
                  isDropdown = true;
              instance.selectRow(rowInfo.rowIndex);
              instance.startEdit();
            }
        })
    },
    height: 220
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

function onActionComplete(args) {
    if (args.requestType =="beginEdit" && isDropdown) {
        isDropdown = false;
        let dropdownObj = args.form.querySelector('.e-dropdownlist').ej2_instances[0];
        dropdownObj.element.focus();
        dropdownObj.showPopup();
    }
}
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Batch Editing

You can make a cell editable on a single click with batch mode of editing in Grid, by using the editCell method.

Bind the mouseup event for Grid and in the event handler call the editCell method, based on the clicked target element.

Source
Preview
index.ts
index.html
Copied to clipboard
import { Grid, Edit, IGrid, Toolbar } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { MouseEventArgs } from '@syncfusion/ej2-base';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

Grid.Inject(Edit, Toolbar);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    editSettings: { allowEditing: true, allowAdding: true, allowDeleting: true, mode: 'Batch' },
    toolbar: ['Add', 'Edit', 'Delete', 'Update', 'Cancel'],
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100, isPrimaryKey: true },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'ShipCountry', headerText: 'Ship Country', width: 150 }
    ],
    load: () => {
        let instance: IGrid = document.getElementById('Grid').ej2_instances[0];
        instance.element.addEventListener('mouseup', (e: MouseEventArgs) => {
            if (e.target.classList.contains("e-rowcell")) {
                let index: number = parseInt(e.target.getAttribute("Index"));
                let colindex: number = parseInt(e.target.getAttribute("aria-colindex"));
                let field: string = instance.getColumns()[colindex].field;
                instance.editModule.editCell(index, field);
            }
        })
    }
    height: 220
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');
Copied to clipboard
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>