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Change Column Header Text Dynamically

You can change the column headerText dynamically through an external button.

Follow the given steps to change the header text dynamically:

Step 1:

Get the column object corresponding to the field name by using the getColumnByField method. Then, change the header text value.

let column = grid.getColumnByField("ShipCity"); // Get column object.
column.headerText = 'Changed Text';

Step 2:

To reflect the changes in the grid header, invoke the refreshHeader method.

grid.refreshHeader();
Source
Preview
index.ts
index.css
index.html
import { Grid, Column } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';
import { Button } from '@syncfusion/ej2-buttons';

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 100 },
        { field: 'CustomerID', headerText: 'Customer ID', width: 120 },
        { field: 'ShipCity', headerText: 'Ship City', width: 120 },
        { field: 'ShipName', headerText: 'Ship Name', width: 100 }
    ],
    height: 280
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

let btn: Button = new Button({ cssClass: 'e-flat' }, '#change-text');

document.getElementById('change-text').addEventListener('click', () => { // changing the header text for ShipCity column.
    let column: Column = grid.getColumnByField("ShipCity"); // get the JSON object of the column corresponding to the field name.
    column.headerText = "Changed Text"; // assign a new header text to the column.
    grid.refreshHeader();
});
#container {
    visibility: hidden;
}

#loader {
  color: #008cff;
  font-family: 'Helvetica Neue','calibiri';
  font-size: 14px;
  height: 40px;
  left: 45%;
  position: absolute;
  top: 45%;
  width: 30%;
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <button id='change-text'> Change Header Text</button>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>