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Local Data in JavaScript Grid control

18 May 2022 / 2 minutes to read

To bind local data to the grid, you can assign a JavaScript object array to the dataSource property. The local data source can also be provided as an instance of the DataManager.

Source
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index.ts
index.html
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import { Grid } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

let gridData: Object[] = data.slice(0, 7);

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: gridData,
    columns: [
                { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, type: 'number' },
                { field: 'CustomerID', width: 140, headerText: 'Customer ID', type: 'string' },
                { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C' },
                { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', width: 140, format: 'yMd' }
    ]
});

grid.appendTo('#Grid');
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
    <style>
        .e-row[aria-selected="true"] .e-customizedExpandcell {
            background-color: #e0e0e0;
        }
        .e-grid.e-gridhover tr[role='row']:hover {
            background-color: #eee;
        }
        .e-expand::before {
        content: '\e5b8';
    }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <script id="template" type="text/x-template">
        <input id='${OrderID}' value='${Freight}' class='custemp' type='text' style='width: 100%'>
    </script>
    <div id='container'>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>

By default, DataManager uses JsonAdaptor for local data-binding.

Refresh the data source

You can add/delete the data source records through an external button. To reflect the data source changes in the grid, invoke the refresh method.

To refresh the data source:

Step 1:

Add/delete the data source record by using the following code.

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    grid.dataSource.unshift(data); // add a new record.

    grid.dataSource.splice(selectedRow, 1); // delete a record.

Step 2:

Refresh the grid after the data source change by using the refresh method.

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    grid.refresh(); // refresh the Grid.
Source
Preview
index.ts
index.css
index.html
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import { Grid } from '@syncfusion/ej2-grids';
import { Button } from '@syncfusion/ej2-buttons';
import { data } from './datasource.ts';

let grid: Grid = new Grid({
    dataSource: data,
    columns: [
        { field: 'OrderID', headerText: 'Order ID', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, type: 'number' },
        { field: 'CustomerID', width: 140, headerText: 'Customer ID', type: 'string' },
        { field: 'Freight', headerText: 'Freight', textAlign: 'Right', width: 120, format: 'C2' },
        { field: 'OrderDate', headerText: 'Order Date', textAlign: 'Right', width: 140, format: 'yMd' }
    ],
    height: 280
});
grid.appendTo('#Grid');

let add: Button = new Button({}, '#add');
let dele: Button = new Button({}, '#delete');

document.getElementById('add').onclick = () => {
    let data: Object = { OrderID: 10247, CustomerID: "ASDFG", Freight: 40.4, OrderDate: new Date(8367642e5) };
    (<Object[]>grid.dataSource).unshift(data); // add new record.
    grid.refresh(); // refresh the Grid.
};

document.getElementById('delete').onclick = () => {
    if (grid.getSelectedRowIndexes().length) {
        let selectedRow: number = grid.getSelectedRowIndexes()[0];
        (<Object[]>grid.dataSource).splice(selectedRow, 1); // delete the selected record.
    } else {
        alert("No records selected for delete operation");
    }
    grid.refresh(); // refresh the Grid.
};
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#container {
    visibility: hidden;
}

#loader {
  color: #008cff;
  font-family: 'Helvetica Neue','calibiri';
  font-size: 14px;
  height: 40px;
  left: 45%;
  position: absolute;
  top: 45%;
  width: 30%;
}
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>EJ2 Grid</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript Grid Control" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="index.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-grids/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-buttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-popups/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-navigations/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-lists/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-calendars/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/20.1.55/ej2-splitbuttons/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    
    
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id='loader'>Loading....</div>
    <div id='container'>
        <button class="e-flat" id='add'>Add</button>
        <button class="e-flat" id='delete'>Delete</button>
        <div id='Grid'></div>        
    </div>
</body>
</html>