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Grouping

The DropDownList supports wrapping nested elements into a group based on different categories. The category of each list item can be mapped through the groupBy field in the data table. The group header is displayed both as inline and fixed headers. The fixed group header content is updated dynamically on scrolling the popup list with its category value.

In the following sample, vegetables are grouped according on its category using groupBy field.

Source
Preview
app.ts
index.html
import { DropDownList } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';
//define the data with category
let vegetableData: { [key: string]: Object }[] = [
        { Vegetable: 'Cabbage', Category: 'Leafy and Salad', Id: 'item1' },
        { Vegetable: 'Spinach', Category: 'Leafy and Salad', Id: 'item2' },
        { Vegetable: 'Wheat grass', Category: 'Leafy and Salad', Id: 'item3' },
        { Vegetable: 'Yarrow', Category: 'Leafy and Salad', Id: 'item4' },
        { Vegetable: 'Pumpkins', Category: 'Leafy and Salad', Id: 'item5' },
        { Vegetable: 'Chickpea', Category: 'Beans', Id: 'item6' },
        { Vegetable: 'Green bean', Category: 'Beans', Id: 'item7' },
        { Vegetable: 'Horse gram', Category: 'Beans', Id: 'item8' },
        { Vegetable: 'Garlic', Category: 'Bulb and Stem', Id: 'item9' },
        { Vegetable: 'Nopal', Category: 'Bulb and Stem', Id: 'item10' },
        { Vegetable: 'Onion', Category: 'Bulb and Stem', Id: 'item11' }
    ];
//initiate the DropDownList
let vegetables: DropDownList = new DropDownList({
    //set the grouped data to dataSource property
    dataSource: vegetableData,
    // map the groupBy field with Category column
    fields: { groupBy: 'Category', text: 'Vegetable', value: 'Id' },
    // set the placeholder to the DropDownList input
    placeholder: "Select a vegetable",
    // Set the popup list height
    popupHeight: '200px'
});
//render the DropDownList component
vegetables.appendTo('#ddlelement');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 DropDownList</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript UI Controls" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container' style="margin:0 auto; width:250px;">
        <br>
        <input type="text" id='ddlelement' />
    </div>
</body>

</html>

HTML select

The DropDownList also supports grouping of list items under specific groups by initiating the <select> element using optgroup. The nested items are wrapped based on the <optgroup> tag that is presents in the <select> element

    <select id="selectElement">
        <optgroup label="Beans">
            <option value="1">Chickpea</option>
            <option value="2">Green bean</option>
            <option value="3">Horse gram</option>
        </optgroup>
        <optgroup label="Leafy and Salad">
            <option value="4">Spinach</option>
            <option value="5" selected="selected">Cabbage</option>
            <option value="6">Wheat grass</option>
        </optgroup>
    </select>
Source
Preview
app.ts
index.html
import { DropDownList } from '@syncfusion/ej2-dropdowns';

    // initialize DropDownList component
    let dropDownListObject: DropDownList = new DropDownList({
        placeholder:"Select a vegetable"
    });

    // render initialized DropDownList
    dropDownListObject.appendTo('#selectElement');
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>Essential JS 2 DropDownList</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta name="description" content="Typescript UI Controls" />
    <meta name="author" content="Syncfusion" />
    <link href="styles.css" rel="stylesheet" />
   <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-base/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-inputs/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="//cdn.syncfusion.com/ej2/ej2-dropdowns/styles/material.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/systemjs/0.19.38/system.js"></script>
    <script src="systemjs.config.js"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div id='loader'>LOADING....</div>
    <div id='container' style="margin:0 auto; width:250px;">
        <select id="selectElement">
            <optgroup label="Beans">
                <option value="1">Chickpea</option>
                <option value="2">Green bean</option>
                <option value="3">Horse gram</option>
            </optgroup>
            <optgroup label="Leafy and Salad">
                <option value="4" selected="selected">Cabbage</option>
                <option value="5">Spinach</option>
                <option value="6">Wheat grass</option>
            </optgroup>
            
        </select>
    </div>

</body>

</html>

Customization

The grouping header is also provided with customization option. This allows custom designing using the groupTemplate property for both inline and fixed headers.

See Also