Use Edit Template in Foreign Key Column

17 Feb 20223 minutes to read

By default, foreign key column uses dropdown component for editing. You can render other than the dropdown by using the edit property of e-grid-column tag helper. The following example demonstrates the way of using edit template in foreign column.

In the following example, The Employee Name is a foreign key column and while editing, AutoComplete component is rendered instead of DropDownList.

<ejs-grid id="Grid" dataSource="@ViewBag.DataSource" toolbar="@(new List<string>() { "Add", "Edit", "Delete", "Cancel", "Update" })">
    <e-grid-editSettings allowAdding="true" allowDeleting="true" allowEditing="true" mode="Normal"></e-grid-editSettings>
        <e-grid-column field="OrderID" headerText="Order ID" isPrimaryKey="true" textAlign="Right" width="100"></e-grid-column>
        <e-grid-column field="EmployeeID" headerText="Customer ID" type="string" width="120" foreignKeyValue='LastName' dataSource="ViewBag.ForeignData" edit="@(new {create="create", read="read", destroy="destroy", write="write"})"></e-grid-column>
        <e-grid-column field="Freight" headerText="Freight" textAlign="Right" format="C2" editType="numericedit" width="120"></e-grid-column>
        <e-grid-column field="ShipCountry" headerText="Ship Country" width="150" editType='dropdownedit'></e-grid-column>


    var autoComplete;
    var employeeData = @Json.Serialize(ViewBag.ForeignData);

    function create () { // to create input element
        return document.createElement('input');

    function read () { // return edited value to update data source
        let value = new'LastName', 'equal', autoComplete.value));
        return value.length && value[0]['EmployeeID']; // to convert foreign key value to local value.

    function destroy () { // to destroy the custom component.

    function write (args) { // to show the value for custom component
        autoComplete = new ej.dropdowns.AutoComplete({
            dataSource: employeeData,
            fields: { value: args.column.foreignKeyValue },
            value: args.foreignKeyData[0][args.column.foreignKeyValue]

public IActionResult Index()
    ViewBag.DataSource = OrderDetails.GetAllRecords();
    ViewBag.ForeignData = EmployeeDetails.GetAllRecords();
    return View();